Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 12: The Scythians

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 12: The Scythians

Published August 9, 2010

A magnificent Scythian pectoral weighing 1150 grams of pure gold, discovered in the kurgan of Tolstaja mogila …

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 12: The Scythians

The Indo-European

The Atlanteans inhabit the Galaxy and Atlantis are friends / enemies of the galaxy édenistes of Eden The Aryan Arya inhabit the planet, which is part of the galaxy of Atlantis This planet has several ethnic groups Arya One of the planets’ races Arya, it is the Scythian When the Aryan, or Indo-European, as it is politically correct to call them, have settled on land, they are naturally divided into city states of the same ethnic group in the valley of the Thar, until the war of to Yi – 2000

The Scythian

After the war of Yi, from the valley of the Thar, the Scythians were resettled in Ikshvaku But from this relocation, to – 2000, Scythian, like other ethnic groups, were immediately prepared their move, knowing that their situation was not sustainable Ikshvaku They then settled in what is now known as European Russia, between the Caspian and Black Sea Each ethnic group being part found his own civilization in a new country, the Federation of Indo-European Atlantean broke Thus the Indo-European civilization ended between – 2000 and – 1500 in Ikshvaku

Scythian origin

Diodorus says that it is Zeus and the goddess who gave birth to snake Scythians He tells us that the Scythians from Asia This means that we speak of Scythian Valley Thar

The Greeks said that the Scythians were born to the union of Hercules and a goddess snake-woman they had three son, Agathyrse, Gelo and Scythians Scythians alone could bend the bow of Hercules They specify how they tell us about the population of the Scythian Ishkvaku Herodotus tells us that Scythe is the first born of the union of Jupiter and a daughter of the river Borystène Reminder: the gods and goddesses are named after their territories, rivers, mountains, countries, etc., and Borystène is the name of Russian Dnepr River The first Scythian king of Russia, according to Herodotus, was Targitaos who ruled around 1500 BC It confirms that speaks well of the Scythians of Russia The name given to the Persian Scythian populations in the Avesta, is Saka, and they are in Samarkand, Ikshvaku … There Haumavarka the Sakas, the plains of the Siberian Altai, the Sakas Tigrakhauda in the region of Samarkand and Sakas Taradaya Russian Note that the names given to the Scythians by the Persians in the Avesta, are Sanskrit, which corroborates well the origin of the valley of Thar …

Science and Mythology

Of course, for archaeologists, all this is mythology, that is to say baseless stories … There they, the real scientists, who know what actually happened … Especially when that mythology is collapsing their official theory of Aryan invasion … Yet thesis Diodorus of Sicily, Greeks, Herodotus and Persian overlap … According to Diodorus, the union of a god and mother goddess, also goddess of snakes, was born on Saka people, we call the Scythian This happened a very long time before they arrive on earth In Greek legend, was born Scythians of the mother goddess and a god of earth, which gave birth to a Scythian Ishkvaku, the Sakas Tigrakhauda The union of a god and a goddess Earth, was born Scythians, Sakas Taradaya chief, who led the Saka Scythians in Russia and who gave them their name Scythian He arrived in Russia from Central Asia around 1500 BC. AD The first Scythian king of the kingdom of Russia was Targitaos And it fits perfectly with the coherence of the thesis that I put in place since the beginning of the book first … And it also corresponds to the story …

Time of gods

To tell a tale or legend is told: it was once In Asia, it said it was the time when gods lived among men … Legends, Asia, are more accurate on the historical period There are three eras: The weather gods, that is to say, before they arrive on earth, before – 19,404 The time when gods lived among men, that is to say – to 19,404 – about 2000 Human time, that is to say, after – about 2000, when the gods who remained on earth died So when Diodorus tells us that the Scythians was born of a union between a god and a goddess, dating event Those were the days of gods, before – 19,404, and it happened in space When the Greeks and Scythians Herodotus tell us that is born of the union of a god and a goddess of earth, or conversely, they also date the event: this was when the gods lived among men That is to say that it happened after – and before 19404 – 2000, and that it happened on Earth The

Scythian gods

It must be remembered that the gods of Olympus, which are also those of China, are in their base in space, and that they are gods édenistes We know by the legends part of their history For Atlantean gods, immobilized on earth since qu’Atlantide sank, the stories told in the legends correspond to human life with technology is very advanced Herodotus gives us a list and description of Scythian gods Now the Scythians are Atlantean, but this, Herodotus can not know … It brings the names of Scythian gods, the functions of the gods he knows, that is to say, those of Olympus That is why the names of the Olympian gods he tries to match those of Scythian gods, do not really Descriptions of Scythian gods by Herodotus, correspond better to the Atlantean gods of the Vedas or ases Tabiti, in Sanskrit means Tapati: burn, we can see the origin of the Vedic gods for Scythia Herodotus, could be Tabiti Hestia, goddess of fire and the home, but his description corresponds in ases, to Frigg Papaios the head, Zeus could be, but is actually Thor in ases Apia, Papaios wife, would be the goddess of the earth, that is to say ases in Jord Thagimasadas Poseidon could be, but is Njord, in ases Oitosuros, according to Herodotus was Apollo, that is to say Baldr in ases Argimpasa, is the goddess Aphrodite, but is actually the Freyja of ases A Scythian god, according to Herodotus might look like Hercules, but his description fits better to the story of Sigmund Herodotus describes a Scythian god like Ares, the god of war, that is to say, Tyre in ases

History of the Scythian

After exploring the region from – 2000 to 1700 BC. BC, the Scythians of Central Asia left the pros Ikshvaku visit Russia They worked copper and bronze They used a brown pottery with geometrical They were horse breeders The dead were buried in graves marked with a circle of stone, or mounds kurgans Once installed, they continued their advance westward In – about 700, they had annexed the Ukraine Through its alliance with the Assyrian, Scythian king Bartatoua crushed to – 638 the Cimmerian Herodotus tells us that – 628, his son Madyès invaded Media, who had attacked Assyria The Scythians then invaded Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine In – 611, they advanced to Egypt, and Psammetichus I came to meet them and paid them tribute In 512 BC. BC, Darius sent against them an army of 700,000 men, but the Scythian denying the shock front, Darius had to return empty-handed to Persia In the fourth century, the Scythians arrived in Romania and Hungary In the third century, is the branch of Scythians Sarmatians, called Sarmatians, who took power and continued their advance westwards, to Europe …

The kurgans

This is the Russian name of Scythian tombs, burial mounds erected in They date from the third to first millennium BC. AD These are artificial hills covering a tomb They are usually grouped in cemeteries The largest are between 120 and 400 meters in circumference and cover burial chambers located over 15 meters deep The bigger they are, the greater the personality buried The bodies are on the back, head turned toward the east, in a coffin decorated with gold plates, dressed in their finest clothes On the skin of the mummified dead, there are sometimes tattoos Of wives, servants and guards, strangled or poisoned, as well as horses often accompany the deceased The number of sacrificed horses, with their finest trappings, could be very important, up to 400 animals for the most important kurgans They were slaughtered at once mass and burial chambers arranged around The funeral chariot was broken and deposited in the grave Since ancient kurgans these were the prey of looters Archaeological excavations of these kurgans have unearthed many artifacts, some very valuable Tsar Peter the great collector of Scythian gold objects, which he exhibited at the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg Found objects, mainly gold, silver and tin, are quivers, pectorals, clothing accessories, tanks or harness, vases, handles weapons, shields, ornaments, jewelry, helmets, torcs (necklaces Celtic), pendants, bronze flags, stakes topped by bells, etc. … We also found the trappings of felt and clothing decorated remarkably The themes of decoration are usually animal, real or fantastic, but we also see fight scenes It was also found in the tombs of amphorae filled with oil or wine and pots full of meat

The Russian kurgans

The best known are kurgans Kelermes, Solokha, Tolstaja mogila, Kul-Oba, Alexandropol Chertomlyk the kurgans of the Taman peninsula, Maikop, Novo-Svobodnaya, Stani-tsa, Krasnodar, Khomina Mogila Tovsta, Strašnaia Mogila Kostromskaïa Stanitsa, etc. …

Kelermes

In 1903, near the Cossack village of Kelermes, DG Schultz, treasure hunter, discovered one of the most famous Russian kurgans Some objects were sent to the Tsar, including the famous mirror silver and gold panther, others were left behind The majority of finds were melted into ingots … A new excavation campaign started in 1980 During the following 10 seasons, revealed Kelermes tumuli forming a primary and secondary underground necropolis In addition to many new finds, we could get a deeper understanding of Scythian manners

The royal kurgan Solokha

The kurgan of Solokha was excavated in 1912 It is 19 meters high and 70 meters in diameter It housed two royal tombs The first had been visited in antiquity, but the second was intact: On the clothing of the deceased there were gold plates decorated He wore a gold torque, the ends were decorated with lion heads His legs were protected by bronze greaves He had a bronze helmet, a sword with scabbard decorated with gold plates and a quiver of silver containing one hundred and four to twenty bronze arrowheads Everyday objects which were accompanied by particular compounds of silver plate, a gold cup with animal decoration and a comb made of solid gold embellished with a fight scene with three warriors He was accompanied by a servant and five horses Curiously, this royal tomb is located in the Zaporizhia Oblast, the region where Herodotus is grounded Gerrhos, where Scythian buried their kings … But it is the habit of scientists to establish that: hey, Herodotus was right …

Tolstaja mogila

The kurgan of Tolstaja Mogila was 8.50 m high and was covered with 1,500 cubic meters of earth It dates from the 4th century J.C. One room was 7 m below the current ground level and over 15 m below the top of the kurgan Several horses and servants were sacrificed to the deceased The body of a woman was added later, accompanied by a small boy and several servants She was adorned with gold jewelery and accompanied toiletries, glass containers and Greek pottery It was found near the master bedroom, furnished in a cache, a sword in a sheath and a gold pectoral of gold weighing 1,150 grams

Kul-Oba

In 1830 to Kul-Oba, Paul of Brux, military Franche-Comte in the service of Czar Alexander I, discovered in the Crimea, the Kul-Oba kurgane, which means in Tatar: the hill of ashes The tomb has a wooden ceiling and is furnished with a canopy decorated with gold plates A man and a woman, accompanied by a servant are buried The man was crowned with a tiara and had a breastplate of 461 grams of gold In a coffin of cypress wood inlaid with ivory, a woman dressed in a richly brocaded robe, crowned with a diadem of electrum, wore lots of jewelry She had pendants, a pair of earrings, a breastplate, a necklace and two bracelets All the jewels were gold There was also a vase of electrum, a vial, a whip, a knife and quiver, all inlaid with gold and precious stones The finds in this kurgan are now on display in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg

Maikop

The Maikop kurgan was excavated in 1897 by Nikolay Veselovsky There were found many objects of gold and silver including a figurine of a bull with long horns solid gold Dated the 3rd millennium BC, he was 10 meters high and 200 meters in circumference This is especially interesting kurgan by its dating: it proves that the Scythians were well established in Russia in – 2000 and maybe even before … The latest kurgans be dated – 300, it shows a continued colonization of this region by Scythian … They probably left Samarkand earlier than previously thought … It was then, as seems the most logical and coherent, progressive occupation after an exploratory expeditions

Tovsta

The kurgan of Tovsta is north of a set of over 20 kurgans To the east lies that of Chertomlyk and northeast of the Khomina Mogila Tovsta the kurgan was excavated in 1971 by an archaeological expedition Ukrainian It was 8.60 m high with a diameter of about 70 meters There were found the remains of three horses and several servants The main objects were excavated from horseshoe nails, fragments of a wooden seat covered with leather and silver jewelry and gold, 600 gold rings It was also found arrowheads, an amphora with three handles, bath bronze, etc. … Adjacent graves have also helped to find many objects and features Scythian jewelry

Kostromskaïa Stanitsa

A set of kurgans dating from the Bronze Age was discovered Kostromskaia stanitsa The excavations were made in 1897 by N. I. Veselovskii The head was buried here along with many servants and 22 horses There were many weapons, armor, arrowheads, etc. … Among the jewels, the most notable is a gold plaque in the shape of deer

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 11: The end of Indo-European

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 11: The end of Indo-European
Published July 23, 2010

The late Indo-European nomads will allow North to conquer Central Asia … They will be replaced two millennia later by Muslims conquérents …

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European Chapter 11: The end of Indo-European

The statuettes of Bactria
Found in Bactria about 40 small statuettes and removable composite The two main materials are green steatite and calcite white They are 8 and 14 cm As clothing, they wear a Sumerian kaunakes The thesis would most likely they represent Vedic goddesses or Sumerian We also found the statue known as “Scarface”, now in the Louvre and dated to between 2500 and 1700 BC Composite materials are the same as for the goddesses, but reversed His body is covered with snake scales He holds a jug under the left arm It across the right cheek a deep mark like a scar, which he gave the name

Call things by their name

Civilizations that occupied Central Asia from the 4th to the 1st millennium BC, were decked out in all sorts of names … Culture Kel’teminar the Aral Basin: the current name of a region of Uzbekistan near the Aral, and it can not represent the entire region … The Oxus civilization: it is the name most commonly used and it is further from the truth! The Oxus is the name of Vaksu just over 5000 years later! And now the Oxus does that name even more, since it is called Amu Darya … Oasis of civilization: again, this is totally false! If today there are actually sites in the oasis, at the time, 6000 years ago, this region is green and fertile! And many other fanciful names, as the name of the discoverer of the site with the mention of civilization … etc. … BMAC, in English: Bactrian Margian Archeologic complex This is the most accurate of all While it is so simple to call things by their name: The civilization of Ikshvaku Yes, but it would recognize the origin of Vedic people … The Indo-European would be far from India about 6000 years ago … This would contradict the official theory of the Aryan invasion …

The dictatorship of the official theory

Does this mean that all official scholars and archaeologists of all stripes are uneducated or ignorant? How have they earned their diplomas? Certainly not by dreaming … So that is going on? The world of science and research is a very special environment Whoever reached the top, benefits from the work of his students and reaps the laurels … This explains the many articles that begin and end in nonsense This is a student who retaliates by just signing the master, who often did not read beyond the first page … Not all though … In this environment, sharks, like all the middle for that matter, to exist, we must grant … For grants, it must be recognized To qualify, you must publish To publish, you have to be in the mold … So any discovery that could shatter the mold will not publishable … Not publishable, not recognized, so no subsidies … So to keep his discovery and his work, we change the name, forget dating, etc … Finally, we do whatever it takes to not worry about the official theory …

The civilization of Ikshvaku

The Ikshvaku knew from the fourth millennium before. AD, an era of prosperity, due to its privileged position as supplier of raw materials for the Valley and the Thar Sumer The Ikshvaku is also known at that time for its modern and developed metallurgy
The climax of civilization is the Ikshvaku of -2300 to -1700 The civilization of this great Ikshvaku homogeneity from one site to another and is characterized by sites of Indo-European type, irrigated land, a highly developed craft and substantial trade, principally with the Valley and the Thar Sumer, but also with Egypt and South East Asia and other distant lands In the Avesta, the territories of the Ikshvaku were considered former paradise The Ikshvaku is controlled by monumental city states that manage economic activity It was a hierarchical society The recovered objects tell us about an idyllic world It shows the banquet, hunting scenes, men who move char, etc. … Mythology speaks of the mother goddess, mistress of animals and even a male god with the head of a dragon hawk …

The end of Indo-European

As a result of geological events, but also by lack of infrastructure to perpetuate their technology, and from -1800 to -1500, we see the end of Indo-European Sites are abandoned, others are reduced International trade is slowing Traces of fire use in community generalize Urban populations become rural Farmland devices irrigable lands are exploited All these phenomena confirm the regression civilization Ikshvaku One can then see a movement of people westward and southward At the same time, populations of the northern steppes come to occupy the vacated place south

The technology of Indo-European

The late Indo-European can realize the level of their technology The northern barbarians, driven by famine, no longer fear their advanced weapons and therefore will finally be able to invade this rich country defenseless, since their retention was ensured by weapons deterrent … The kitchen fire is replaced by individual fires community: families become tribes … Cults will establish, as they were not previously required, since the gods, they were the ones … Irrigated agricultural lands were more than sufficient to feed a population 10 times larger! This means the technology of agriculture … To make international trade, we must produce, transport, communication, finance, etc. … Logistics required to import or export of bitumen lapis lazuli ignores the Yaka! And it is far from the reach of a single tribe, even sedentary … Cities shrink and lose their inhabitants Logistics and technology necessary for a city of tens of thousands of serious knowledge requires We must ensure food, drinking water, sewage and toilet But also the defense, order, transport, roads, the general organization of municipal services, etc. … All these technologies do not completely correspond to what is known about the Neolithic tribes of the Bronze Age, copper or iron It must be admitted that the theory I propose since the beginning of the first book is the only one that will match the facts, the ancient and sacred books, legends and archeology It’s just that logic and consistency …

The beginning of religions

The end of the Indo-Europeans will generate a new mode of power that will change the destiny of the whole earth Until now, the power was provided by dynasties hierarchically head, as described in the legends and sacred texts This power was sitting on technological knowledge that allowed people to lead Technological knowledge with sombrées over time, from – 2000 BC, there were new dynasties as the ability to invoke the ancient gods, who of course were with them and had bequeathed certain powers Religion is born … With them, high priests, priests and other soldiers … The world will never be the same again, the time of the gods … From – 2000 BC, religions fall on the world: The Hittites of Anatolia hunt Hebrew forcing Abraham to his people together in Chaldea and creates the Jewish religion In Central and South America, the successors of the Maya also invented religion that allows them to consolidate their power over people … In Central Asia, Zoroaster religion creates Mazdean And the formula works as well, there will be many other creations in the years to come … 3000 We’ll talk in the third book …

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 10: Sites of Ikshvaku

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 10: Sites of Ikshvaku

Published July 21, 2010

The citadels of Ikshvaku …

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 10: Sites of Ikshvaku

Sites of Ikshvaku

Many sites are now known in the land of Ikshvaku, and we find new periodic Today there are hundreds of sites, often very large, but very few have been excavated yet It includes technology, metallurgy, developement, architecture and agriculture which had already been the Indo-European Valley Thar As in the valley of the Thar, the excavations revealed an apparently warlike civilization … But we now know that their arm was not conventional … And when they decline, invasion of the populations of the northern steppes began They would certainly want to win at earlier this fertile land, and if they have not done, it’s not for the respect they had for the Indo-European … Is that the weapons were of Indo-European suffisement deterrent … The main sites are known: Sarazm, Gonur-depe, Kelleli, Taip, Togolok, Adji-kui, Sapalli-depe, depe-Dashly, Xalcajan, Dal’verzin, Djarkutan, Termez, Geoksjur, Tedzhen, Kara depe, Gorgan, Tepe Hissar, Sumbar, Parkhai, Köktepe, Tureng depe, etc. … Unfortunately archaeologists often stop at the first discovery … Given the occupation of the region by Alexander the Great, they quickly find its traces in the sites It would be interesting precisely in these sites to search for traces of the oldest occupations and so will find traces of Indo-European …

Badakhshan

Eastern Bactria, in the mountains of Badakhshan, there were plenty lapis lazuli, one of the most precious stones at this time Unfortunately there is no prospect of excavations in this region of Afghanistan, which ought to be the major sites, due to war …

Sarazm

Sarazm is a city of more than 100 hectares, located in Tajikistan It was discovered in 1976 Most buildings were of hewn stone and we found a great palace of over 250 meters long Seals have been found identical to those of Sumer and the valley of the Thar It is characterized as the Indo-European cities, by the same architecture, the gigantic work of water pipeline, a joint developed agriculture very, mastery of basic metals and jewelry production It was an important mining center for gold, silver, copper and turquoise We found many objects of copper, bronze, lead, silver and gold, as well as weapons and jewelry dating from the fourth to second millennia BC Sarazm exporting gold and silver to the Sumerian and Indo-European Valley Thar Sarazm was also a major center for metallurgy Found there the remains of molds, forges, pestles, stoves, crucibles and hammers for crushing ore for But metal objects such as axes, daggers, knives, razors, spears, pins, knitting needles, hooks, etc. … It was also a major center for jewelry production Have been found beads and necklaces made of agate, onyx, obsidian, lapis lazuli, turquoise, carnelian, etc. … Found objects we confirm the high status of women, to populations and Atlantean édenistes at this time A woman was found buried with clothing decorated with silver, turquoise, carnelian, lapis lazuli, pearls and jasper His hair was decorated with gold beads, and her arms with bracelets of shells

Sapalli-Tepe

This is a typical Indo-European city, with its citadel It is built of brick 4/2/1 ratio as in the Thar valley … It found objects were engraved on a lequels svastiska There was dévellopée metallurgy and jewelry making It is also found seals and bronze objects The carbon-14 dating confirmed an occupation mainly from the 17th to the 15th century BC

Adji Kui

Adji Kui, in the Karakum Desert, Turkmenistan, is a city of over 10 hectares surrounded by a fortification wall of 2 meters thick We found there statuettes of mother goddess In a woman’s grave we made a surprising discovery: a series of amulets telling the story of Etana, the first king of the Sumerian mythology … See Book One: The Gods, Part 5: The Atlanteans, Chapters 16 and 17 … It is therefore an important figure of Sumer, traveling or married to an Indo-European

Adji Kui Maybe even the ambassador of Sumer in Ikshvaku …

Gonur-depe

In the Karakum Desert, it was found in 1992, a vast necropolis Gonur-depe The updated objects date from 3000 BC There are many mirrors, makeup kits, silver objects and alabaster, ceramic vases, etc. … The grave number 18/1994 with its three rooms contained the skeletons of two camels, 20 clay jars, goat bones, the remains of a lamb But also a scepter decorated with a shale bronze head, a miniature column, decorated ivory plates, 4 silver pins with heads each one with a different pattern: a fist, an outstretched hand, a rosette and a squatting woman

Termez

City of Bactrian Bronze Age, was occupied from -3000 to -1200 BC An area of approximately 500 hectares, is characterized on the south by a rectangular fortress about 400 mx 200 m surrounded by walls and surrounded by a moat

Djarkutan

The occupation of Djarkutan dates back to second millennium BC About a hundred hectares, the city has a citadel, palaces, living quarters and a large necropolis The houses were separated by narrow alleys covered with gravel The south and west of the town were separated by a channel The cemetery contained more than 1000 tombs dating from the Bronze Age Excavations have delivered the very fine ceramics

Ulug Depe

Ulug Depe, Turkmenistan, is a major site that challenges the official theories of the great invasions and migrations of Indo-Iranian and Indo-Aryan In the early seventies you could buy in the bazaars of Kabul, antiques of the Bronze Age from looted graves in northern Afghanistan Found at Ulug Depe, the remains of a workshop production of figurines, sling balls and other objects in terracotta It was determined that the objects produced in this workshop were used far from this region, confirming a central organistion … The excavations have Ulug Depe Port H to discover modern homes equipped with kitchens and fireplaces with ceramic floors painted … In one house we found a grave with the remains of seven young children, a large alabaster vase broken and a small ceramic vase intact and a large open vessel with a spout Ulug Depe has a square citadel of 40 m square, with a wall of mud brick, and with a floor which could be accessed directly with a staircase At the first level, baskets, now extinct, contained many seals, stamps and impressions unbaked clay and alabaster This discovery confirmed the centralized management of food from the citadel One of the seal impressions which represents a head of thick-billed bird of prey rounded, visibly invoice Scythian treasures like Kelermes This confirms contacts with the northern steppes of the Black Sea … And the flows of migration: the Ikshvaku west …

Gorgan

This is an important urban center established on an area of 13 hectares The upper town comprtend the citadel, a large warehouse Community and palaces The lower city includes homes, shops and craft workshops …

Tepe Hissar

Tepe Hissar in northern Iran, was occupied early in the fourth millennium BC The site is at its peak in the late third millennium and the early second Excavations have updated in many potteries, ceramics and testified control of metallurgy

Tureng depe

Quoted from the mid 4th millennium BC, the peak date of the second millennium It has a citadel of over 80 meters wide with a wall of mud brick of approximately 13.50 meters high and with 2 floors In the graves beneath the houses, it was discovered many ceramics

Köktepe

Köktepe, in the plain of Zerafshan, 30 km north of Samarkand is a city of the fourth millennium BC The Indo-Europeans have dug to the Bronze Age, a canal fed by the Bulungur, which allowed the construction of an irrigation It is characterized by a citadel, the use of bricks and ceramics The site is best known for his famous treasure of the tomb of the princely nomadic 1st century AD

Shortughaï

Shortughaï is clearly recognized as a colony of the Indus in Bactria The site occupies an area of more than two acres and was occupied by the second half of the third millennium and the beginning of the second It was built of mud brick typical Harappan There were found many ceramics with patterns Harappan and Harappan steatite seals, bracelets shell of the Indian Ocean, jewelry carnelian and agate They practiced agriculture with artificial irrigation, hunting and farming They worked and traded lapis lazuli

Togolok

This is a site where there were several citadels The dating shows that they were built from the 3rd to 1st millennium BC Togolok 21 is 140m X 100m The citadel was built atop a It found a hundred vases

Samarkand

The agricultural wealth of the plain of Zerafshan on the set of Afrasiab was obtained by digging a channel through the Indo-Europeans in the late Neolithic The river feeds the Dargom irrigation system through this channel This agricultural prosperity has allowed the city of Samarkand state to establish itself as strategic and essential stop on the Silk Road

Afrasiab

Afrosiyob Uzbek language, near Samarkand, named after its legendary founder, Afrasiab This is the king of Turans, nomads from the north, mentioned in the poems of Persian Firdusi, but also in the Avesta, the founding text of Zoroastrianism Turan, the land of Tur, is the former name of Iran He is also quoted in the Shahnamah, the book of Kings, as the king-hero who fights against Kai Khosrow, a legendary Shah of Iran Prince Sijavus, because of the betrayal of his stepmother Sudabeh, was forced into exile in Turan There Farangis wife, the daughter of Afrasiab, but by order of the king of Iran, he will be murdered His death will be avenged by his son, who will inherit the throne and Persian The city of Afrasiab Samarekand is the counterpart of the Silk Road It has many archaeological sites, but many are not yet excavated There were found the oldest parts of the world’s known failure It is dated to about 712, a coin of that date having been found together This is normal, if I have a Roman antiquity and is found in some time with a € 10 note, it is dated 2010 …

Bactria

Balkh, the capital of Bactria, is now Balkh in northern Afghanistan and is quoted in the Avesta as the Bakhdi Located about 74 km south of the Amu Darya is an important step on the Silk Road The city was the seat of the Zoroastrian religion According to the Persian poet Firdusi, Zoroaster would have died The Indo-européns settled heavily in this rich and fertile region from – 2000 The United Bahlikâ, the Bactrianre, was described in the epic Mahābhārata Tradition is the sanctuary of Anahita in Balkh Anahita, or Sura Anahita Aredvi, god of water, fertility, healing and wisdom, is the Indian goddess Sarasvati River The temple was so rich that it was looted and that nothing remains

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 9: The Ikshvaku

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 9: The Ikshvaku
Published July 19, 2010

The rider of Ikshvaku …

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 9: The Ikshvaku

The end of the Civilization of the Thar Valley

From 2000 BC. BC, the Indo-Europeans begin to leave the cities of the valley of the Thar In 1800 BC. AD, most cities have been abandoned This is the result of the atomic bombings of the war of 10 suns by Yi The river Sarasvati was engulfed in what is now the Thar desert The region is too highly radioactive to live, and for long … Even today, 4000 years later, the radioactivity is 50 times higher than normal …

The Ikshvaku

In the Vedas, rivers, seas and most geographic locations, are deified In fact, we must translate it by the appointment as a god, places the component areas of the Atlanteans, the Indo-European The best known example is the goddess Ganga and Ganga In the Vedas, in line with Suryavamshi there the dynasty of the sun Ikshvaku was one of the first kings of this dynasty Ikshvaku represents the two rivers and Vaksu Drishadvati The river Vaksu is known by its Greek name of Oxus, he has acquired in the period of Alexander the Great, and Amu Darya today Drishadvati the river, is known by its Greek name Jaxartes, also awarded in the period of Alexander the Great, and Syr Darya today

Vedas and Hinduism

The Vedas are a legendary epic, dating – 3900, recounting the arrival of the gods on earth, and their history Hinduism is the religion that ensued The sacred texts based on the Vedas have been rewritten, and thus interpreted, of – 1500 to – 600, to make it the foundation of Hindu religion

Ikshvaku according to Vedas
The genealogy of the dynasty Ikshvaku is mentioned in the Ramayana and ii.102.4 i.69.17-32-29, as follows: Brahma creates 10 Prajapatis, divine creatures from his mind One of them was Marichi Kashyapa is the son of Marichi and Kala Kashyapa is regarded as the father of mankind Vivasvan or Surya is the son of Kasyapa and Aditi Vaivasvata Manu, first called Satyavrata, Emperor of Dravidian, is the son of Vivasvan It is considered the first god of the dynasty Ikshvaku Ikshvaku is the son of Manu Vaivasvata Kukshi is the son of Ikshvaku Etc …

Ikshvaku in Hinduism

Ikshvaku is according to Hindu historical tradition, the son of Manu the first man and the little son-of Vaivasvata Surya, the sun god and founder of the dynasty Suryavansha It gives its name to the dynasty Ikshvaku, whose capital is Saketa Saketa, Ayodhya today, is a holy city of Hinduism, because it was the capital of the kingdom of Koshala, which was considered to be the kingdom of Rama Ikshvaku was the first to apply his kingdom in the Manu smriti, inspired by religious rules Hindu Vedas Surya is the sun god, son of Aditi and Kashyapa It is sometimes depicted as a warrior Iranian boots, with four arms, golden hair bronzed skin He has four wives: Saljnâ, knowledge Rajni, sovereignty Prabha, light Chaya, the shadow It is the father of: Manu, the first man and lawgiver of humanity Yama, the god of death Yami, who became after his death the river Yamuna, a sacred rivers of Hinduism

Hindu adaptations

Vaivasvata Manu is a god, son of god and goddess, and father of dynasties of gods His father is Surya, the sun god who can not be the father of a man … It should not be confused with Manu, the patriarch of romas, can be regarded as the first man Hindus have confused the two characters in their sacred writing late They have actually decreased the Vedic empire to include everything in India and so do the Indian religion Hinduism They thus completely erased all the foreign gods in India and incorporated them into their rewriting Ikshvaku became the first high priest of this new religion of the Vedas traditional outcome

The territories of Ikshvaku

In Vedic times, the Ikshvaku, represents lands that are largely either side of two rivers, and Vaksu Drishadvati, the confines of the Himalayas to the sea Kashyap, divinity of the Vedas The Vedic Ikshvaku includes regions of Sogdiana, Bactria, Margiana and Hyrcania The countries that make up this region today are: southern Kazakhstan, the region of the Aral Sea, the Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgystan on the Tajikistan, north eastern Iran, Afghanistan and Northern Pakistan

The Vaksu and Drishadvati

In Vedic times, the two rivers flowed into the sea Kashyap, known today: the Caspian Sea This sea has retained since Vedic times, its Sanskrit name … To 500 years, there has been a geological event that has dug a canal that will be added to the Amu Darya to enable emptying into the Aral Sea The river was then supplied with water, the two seas at once, the Aral Sea and the Caspian Sea In the 1700s, a new geological event cuts the course of the Amu Darya that flowed into the Caspian Sea Since that day, the Amu Darya no longer flows in the Aral Sea This allowed the Aral Sea to lie to the north and well to intercept the Syr Darya Since then, the two rivers do throw more in the Caspian Sea, but in the Aral Sea Political leaders, in Soviet times, used the two rivers to irrigate cotton fields Since they arrived almost dry to the Aral Sea, which has lost more than 75% of its surface and 90% of its volume … Several projects are underway, which helped stop the disappearance of the sea It seems that the same have have seen a slight increase in surface area and volume But the road is still long to return to its original area of 1989 …

The colonization of Ikshvaku

The colonization of Ikshvaku by Indo-Europeans began their arrival in the valley to the Thar -4300 Mainly for raw materials from these regions, the Indo-Europeans built trading posts, which quickly became city states The excavations at the sites have documented their presence in the 4th and 3rd millennium BC They also confirmed a sudden development to the second millennium, corresponding to the end of the Indo-European presence in the valley of Thar and their influx into the territories of the Ikshvaku The gradual decline of the cities of Ikshvaku is found from -1500 BC

The colony of Indo-European Ikshvaku

The Indo-Europeans, fled to their colony to Ikshvaku – 2000 BC. BC, their territory after the Thar have been devastated by war Yi They are found safe, with neighbors Tocharian Taklamakan See in this book, the third part: The Tocharian, Chapter 3: The Tocharian in Xinjiang The presence of Bactrian Indo-European at that time, is attested by texts of Xinjiang, but also by the objects found in the excavations of sites Ikshvaku These excavations show the presence of a brilliant civilization with strong characteristics of Vedas On some vessels, there are representations of snakes containing suns … Swastikas, of triskells, seals and bracelets of the Valley Civilization Thar were found during excavations in the Karakum, to Gonur-depe, capital of ancient Margiana and many other sites excavated

The Atlanteans

The many objects found in sites of Ikshvaku confirm an entente cordiale, political and trade with other people of Atlantis The kelts in northern Europe, the Middle Eastern Sumerian, Egyptian African, the Indo-European Valley Thar, the Tocharian Tibet to Manchuria and the islands of the Indian Ocean to the Pacific, the Maya of India, Indonesia and America, were all regular diplomatic and commercial relations What was it with the Atlanteans of Atlantis? Before the second Star Wars lost -3800, had to be good relations between Atlantis Indeed, they all expressed support for Atlantis in this conflict against the édenistes After the defeat, these relations have deteriorated because of the large tribute claimed by the Atlanteans to pay for war damages caused by édenistes It was followed by civil war that has caused Atlantean in Atlantis -3000 See the first book: The Gods, Part 5: The Atlanteans, chapters 27 to 29 The Atlanteans of Atlantis have not benefited from the golden age of Atlantis from -3000 to -2400 …

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 8: The Thar desert

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 8: The Thar desert

Published May 13, 2010

The fort Derawar, guardian of the Cholistan desert … Located 80 km from the city of Bahawalpur in Punjab province in Pakistan, is part of Pevnost Derawar Ganweriwala, city of Indus Valley The brick walls are composed of 10 towers of 30 meters in height The perimeter of the fortress is 1500 square meters

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 8: The Thar desert

Mohenjodaro

According to an article in the New York Herald Tribune of 16 February 1947, the report of the explosion of an atomic bomb in the desert of New Mexico, described the explosion melted the sand turned into glass green It would have troubled archaeologists who excavated sites dating back several thousand years in the Euphrates Valley These sites contained traces of destruction with the melted sand turned into green glass This shows that the Atlanteans Yi continued to Sumer with its nuclear weapons … According to an article in Pravda on January 17, 1994, archaeologists Davenport and Vincenti, have discovered at Mohenjodaro, with strata of clay and sand melted at high temperature, turned into green glass, similar to traces of explosion of nuclear Nevada Desert What is most disturbing in that article is that they specify that the skeletons we found at Mohenjo-Daro, had a radioactivity level 50 times higher than normal … Exactly, the radiation dose of the Gobi … Davenport and Vincenti and archaeologists are not physicists … They had no reason to bring this rate to that of the Gobi, probably not unknown at the time, but certainly kept secret … There are a few short years, not even 10 years, the Internet is completely open and can know everything, or almost … And it may be a rag given randomly, because even if they are not archaeologists and physicists, they are still scientists … And they would never have invented a rate representing a single blast 20 times as powerful as any radioactivity emitted by the earth during a year: Natural radioactivity + medical + military + accidents (leakage power, etc …)

The Mahabharata

The Mahabharata tells us the effects of the ultimate weapon: This is a shell, which sparkled like fire, but without producing smoke When the shell hit the ground, the sky turned dark, tornadoes and storms have ravaged cities A horrible blast burnt thousands of people and animals, reducing them to ashes Another excerpt from the Mahabharata says: Ghurka arises as a powerful vimana and destroyed three cities of Vrishis and Andhakas with a single projectile charged with all the power of the Universe An incandescent column of smoke and flame as bright as ten thousand suns rose in all its glory It was an unknown weapon, an iron thunderbolt, a gigantic messenger of death which reduced to ashes the entire race of Vrishis and Andhakas … The … corpses were so burned that they were unrecognizable Their hair and nails fell Pottery broke without apparent reason and the birds turned white After a few hours, all food was infected … … To escape from this fire the soldiers threw themselves in streams to wash themselves and their equipment … But in the Vedas, the Ramayana, as in the Mahabharata, there are many other passages that refer aerial battles and use of nuclear weapons, with the description of its effects and consequences

Nuclear war

All the texts we have already studied, and found the realities on the ground, demonstrate a firm conclusion: The wars of the Ramayana around -4300, the Mahabharata around -3100, the first and second war Gobi around -2650 and -2350, are nuclear wars View this book in Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapters 4 and 5 War of the Gobi, told by the Chinese legend tells us that Yi continued his attackers but could not destroy the airship 10th of Atlantis during the great battle, that of the Gobi Valley Thar area of Indo-European Tocharian allies, may well have the 10th house this ship … It was necessary to destroy this region also … And it has never heard of this ship … the 10th Neither of the Sarasvati either … This is why it remains today as the Indus Valley and the Thar Desert … We note also that in the Thar desert radioactivity equivalent to that of the Gobi: a rate 50 times higher than normal, or 82 ms / year … Chinese legend says that the Emperor Huangdi was furious heavenly Yi cons of having done so much damage and destruction on the earth, making it uninhabitable Indeed he continued the Atlanteans with its nuclear weapons to Sumer, devastating a large part of previously fertile land … It’s weighing heavily in the decision of édenistes heading back to space and to abandon the colonization of land And Yi was punished for it: it will remain on earth …

The Thar desert

The Thar Desert, an area of 200,000 sq km, is called Mârusthali, the country of death in India In Pakistan, it is called Cholistan desert This area became desert between 2000 BC. BC and 1500 BC. AD At that time the river Sarasvati is sinking into the desert and leaves a dry bed, which reappears in Pakistan

The oil of the Thar Desert

Indian oil company Cairn India Ltd., estimated oil reserves in the concession of the Thar desert, to 6.5 billion barrels This represents just over 0.5% of the world and about a third of China’s resources Total discovered resources will enable rapid implementation of a pipe line to carry oil extracted India currently imports 70% of its oil

Coal in the Cholistan Desert

The Thar desert in Pakistan’s Sindh province, has the fifth largest reserve of coal, 184 billion tons Currently only 4.5 to 5 million tons are extracted annually This is the first quality lignite and may be subject to appropriate industrialization, all turned into petroleum products … Properly used, this resource could meet the energy needs of Pakistan for the next 100 years Coal is expected to build and fuel a power plant of sufficient capacity to supply the region with energy and even export electricity to neighboring India A plant of 6,000 MW would be built by the Chinese, but the project was abandoned, probably because of the risk of terrorism Despite the economic viability of the project, foreigners only invest the day when Pakistan will be a liberal country, free of terrorism risk The size of the investment is such that it is only a multinational financing such a project can be completed The abundance and low current cost of coal, up top candidates to replace oil Until then, it will master this new use in accordance with current standards of pollution, particularly to limit the emission of CO2 into the atmosphere Current estimates of world coal reserves exceed two hundred against forty years only for oil

The water in the Thar desert

In the Thar desert, there is not that oil and coal, there is also the fifth largest freshwater aquifer in the world … In fact, depending on location, the water is potable, saline or brackish But this is not sea water, and with appropriate treatment and inexpensive, there is sufficient groundwater to create a fertile and verdant paradise in its 200 000 km ² … The central arid region of Jodhpur research institute says, supporting evidence, that groundwater comes primarily from precipitation of Himalayan glaciers flowing into the old course of the Sarasvati The central ground water board has dug along the dry bed of the Sarasvati, and 24 wells, 23 have provided drinking water The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Research during drilling for oil in the Thar desert, found water wells found very low salinity The company dug a well 554 meters deep on the site Saraswati-1, located about seven kilometers from Jaisalmer It is extracted from 76,000 liters of water per hour … At Myzlar, south of Jaisalmer, in the 1970s, fresh drinking water was found in a well drilled by the ONGC, at a depth of 1,500 meters A Jumman Samoo, a village in Pakistan, to 406 feet deep, drilling revealed a groundwater drinking water from a height of 400 meters Throughout the coal region of Cholistan, about 9000 km ², there are three heights lignite seam, each separated by a water table The first layer is about 50 meters deep to a height of from 52 to 94 meters The second layer is about 120 meters to an average height of 68 meters The third layer is about 200 meters to an average height of 47 meters The research has been made for coal, it was not dug further, but all indications are that there is still a very large sheet under the whole coal

Radiation in the Thar

An article in the World Island Review, January 1992 speaks with a thick layer of radioactive ash covering, 16 km east of Jodhpur, an area of 5 square kilometers Archaeologists have discovered in this area remains a city of the Valley Civilization Thar with traces of nuclear explosion occurred several millennia ago We have noticed an increase in this area the number of children born with birth defects and cancer cases Levels of radiation would be so high that the Indian authorities have banned the zone The official reason is that it is to keep people away from a military area The Thar Desert has also been used by the Indian army for their nuclear tests … Underground tests took place in Pokharan in 1974 and 1998 In 1998, the Bhabha Atomic Research Center conducted a series of tests to judge the impact of the explosion on the water quality in the region Tests and analyzes confirmed that the water was potable, uncontaminated The report did not include public figures … In Pakistan, all official transcripts of radioactivity Thar, indicate the natural radiation of 0.5 mSv Slightly less than a third of the normal radioactivity of 1.64 mSv which is … For them it is proof that the area is safe There was no expertise against a foreign laboratory neutral But, you understand, there are major economic reasons for this …

The end of Indo-European

As suddenly as the Indo-European civilization had emerged, it declined and disappeared … Around 1900 BC. BC, the inhabitants of the city-states begin to leave cities Around 1800 BC. AD, most cities of the valley were abandoned Thar Even large cities such as Turkmenistan Altyn-depe and Namazga-depe are abandoned The major cities of the valley Thar disappear Some scientists tried to explain this collapse is a major climate change This was indeed the case since the Thar valley was green and fertile, and it became a desert around 1800 BC. AD But that’s not enough to explain the collapse of the Indo-European civilization The Indo-Europeans have not disappeared Forced to abandon land sterilized by nuclear war, they are dispersed in the northwest and west, north and south are already occupied by other peoples of Atlantis And after their defeat, they no longer have sufficient military resources to start a new war

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 7: Indo-European sites

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 7: Indo-European sites
Published May 11, 2010

The 3D reconstruction of the city of Dholavira … Etonant for a city that has seen the heyday 6000 years ago …

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 7: Indo-European sites


Indo-European sites

More than 1052 sites have been discovered in the valley of Thar Only about 30% of them have been excavated, more or less extensive In fact, there are the two major sites of Harappa and Mohenjodaro which were really searched … It is also true that many sites are located in Pakistan and Afganisthan … Wars do not facilitate archeology …

Harappa

The site of Harappa was discovered in 1857, was used to recover materials and especially of bricks during the construction of the railway Lahore-Multan by the English It destroyed a significant portion of the site … In 1921, excavations at Harappa finally began, city of gods, described in the Vedas It is a city which counted more than 50 000 inhabitants at its peak Harappa was a port on the river Ravi, connected by water to other Indo-European cities Amphorae made at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, have been found even in the island of Bahrain This was proved by studying the composition of these amphorae were manufactured with sand from these cities The lower town was made up of neighborhoods organized into neighborhood professionals with perpendicular streets The buildings were of brick raw or cooked, linked by a mortar of clay or plaster Areas for sorting of goods, warehouses for goods and materials, pottery kilns and blacksmiths have been found To the west, on an artificial terrace bordered with walls 14 m wide at the base, is the upper town: the Citadel At Harappa, Mohenjodaro and Rakhigarhi, the most populous cities, we had the world’s first system of wastewater treatment The water was probably derived from wells The houses included a room for ablution, a bath room … Sewage was discharged through sewers covered

Mohenjodaro

In 1922, 640 km south of Harappa, an Indian archaeologist who sought the remains of an ancient Buddhist temple, discovered the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro, the hill of the dead The city is divided into two areas: The lower city, with streets running north-south and east-west, is composed of houses and shops The houses have an area of 50 to 120 m2 They are single stage, which is accessed via an internal staircase Most have a private well The houses are equipped with bathrooms Wastewater is discharged through a pipe system The citadel was built on a platform of earth raised and walled important for the flood protection The streets were paved with impressive administrative centers There were rows of small houses with private toilets and sometimes even with a shower tray In the citadel, it was discovered the deep end, a rectangular pool 12 m long and 7 wide and 2.40 m deep, surrounded by galleries The perfect sealing of the basin was ensured by a double brick wall The bricks were assembled with mortar of gypsum One liner of asphalt was poured between two brick walls Two symmetrical staircases gave access to the pool Different neighborhoods of Mohenjo-Daro were rebuilt several times, but always following the same plan Each time, the canal system and sewer has been rebuilt, as all houses had access to water and wastewater treatment The buildings were built of bricks, cooked or raw Indo-European cities generally extended over an area of 100 to over 200 hectares Mohenjodaro extends over 300 hectares … The people of Mohenjodaro seems to have been composed of merchants and artisans, living in areas determined by activity Materials from distant regions, were used in the manufacture of seals, beads, jewelry, tools and other objects At Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, there are two strange buildings with a basement divided into blocks It has not yet discovered their function Perhaps a base for helicopter or vertical takeoff aircraft …

The bitumen of Mohenjodaro

Just for thought: there is no asphalt, easily exploitable, in the valley of the Thar, in those days … So we must go after him, probably in the middle east … First you look on the internet, the best value to seal the pool Then after receiving the news that the desired material was bitumen, there is more than send an email to the provider best suited to the Middle East, or its correspondent there, so that we sends ten tons We must assume that the client pool must not be the only one to want, because there were bathrooms in every house The supplier sends us in a cargo ship that happens, possibly by transfer to the wharf at Mohenjodaro But for customers located in 50, 100 or even 200 miles away, we can send several tons per truck dragged by oxen on roads summary …

The pool of Mohenjodaro

To feed this pool with over 200 m3 of fresh water, and filtered clear, more than 10 meters above river level, a well is not enough … To draw such a quantity of water with a bucket should be a lot of people … We must also ensure the permanent circulation and filtration water system … Of course, the owner of the pool regularly monitors the pH of the pool and make the necessary corrections to keep the water clear and pleasant … It is well known, all stores Mohenjodaro sell sophisticated products pool: regulators of PH + or – Anti algae, anti scale, anti flocculant, chlorine, chlorine stabilizer, pH testers, testers chlorine, etc … Construction and maintenance of a pool of 201.6 m 3 in urban areas is already a technical feat today So there 6000 years … We see that very often archaeologists do not take into consideration the logistics necessary to carry out simple things …

Chanhu Daro

Chanhu Daro is located 130 kilometers south of Mohenjodaro The site was inhabited between -4000 and -1700 BC The buildings are high and multi-storey It was a manufacturing center carnelian beads Looking more closely at the pearl necklaces, it was found that the thread that linked these beads were made of silk … The silk came from moths, Antheraea of indigenous wild Silk was already used in the valley of the Thar by Indo-Europeans, 2,000 years before the Chinese Chinese silk from the silkworm Bombyx mori domesticated The Chinese so far have always been considered to be the first to make …

Miri Qalat

Miri Qalat, is a site of Kech-Makran, south of Balochistan in Pakistan It was excavated by French archaeologist Roland Besenval and his team, who were able to determine that they were cultivated barley, three thousand years BC

Banawali

Banawali in Haryana province, is about 120 km north of Kalibangan At the pre-Harappan or Kalibangan bricks were used 3:2:1 ratio But from the Harappan period, the ratio becomes 4:2:1 with Indo-European Streets were laid in the direction of the cardinal points The city is divided into two parts: the citadel of the city separated by a wall seven feet thick The houses are mud-brick They have several rooms, a kitchen, toilet, bathroom, etc. … The kitchens are equipped with stoves or fireplaces, stone and ceramic forms of fashionable and rather fanciful It also found many kitchen utensils, pottery, fruit cups, mugs, cup-shaped glasses, cups, bowls, vases etc … for decoration, the grounds are peacocks, fig, banana leaves, trees, deer, stars, fish, flowers, circles, etc. … It also found many seals representing particular: a rhinoceros, an ibex, chamois, a unicorn, an animal with a tiger’s body and a horn, etc. … But also the weight cube-shaped, stone, bone or ivory, and a high degree of accuracy Gold coins, copper and bronze were also found Sets of beads of gold, copper, agate, carnelian in, faience, lapis lazuli, shell, bone, clay, have been updated Among the jewels found, there are copper bracelets, earthenware, clay, shells, fig wood, earrings earthenware shaped leaves and many more jewelery in gold, semiprecious stones stones and soapstone Also many bracelets, earrings, necklaces, garlands, etc. … Copper and bronze have also been used to make arrowheads, spearheads, blades, scissors, hooks, beads, rings, bracelets, son, hairpins, etc. … Of terracotta figurines of mother goddess are also among the ruins, but are also found representing bulls, buffaloes, deer, dogs, rhinos and birds We also found a house jeweler Of course there were gold jewelry, lapis lazuli, carnelian, etc. … But it is also found tools and very little weight And among the tools, is a touchstone wearing stripes … This authentication system of gold is still in use today … Except that it was thought that this method is dated 2nd century BC. AD!

Touchstone or touchau

Touchau or a touchstone is a small stone tablet in slate, black jasper or basanite Its surface finely granular allows for soft metals leave a visible trace in friction Footprint obtained is poured acid solution that attacks everything that is not gold The touchstone for determining easily and without destroying the test object, the title of gold, silver or platinum alloy or jewelry

Kalibangan

Kalibangan, resulting in: black bracelets, is an Indian town on the banks of the Ghaggar, Saraswati of the Vedas Like all Indo-European cities, the streets are laid in the direction of the cardinal points and is divided into two parts: the citadel of the city separated by a low wall Despite the many brick bonds by local people, it was determined the same arrangement of water, sanitation and kitchens The kitchens include homes with animal remains What made archaeologists think they were altars of sacrificial rituals … And they were dining out when they had the comfort inside? It’s weird, this obstinate determination to impose religious reasons where there are clearly not … The particularity of this site is to have the oldest known plowed field, dating back more than 4800 years …

Dholavira

Dholavira is located on the Khadir island bet in the desert of Kutch, Gujarat The desert of Kutch is a seasonally marshy desert in October-November The site of Dholavira, discovered in 1967, is an island during the monsoon

Another reconstruction shows that the basin system of locks and … The city includes the Citadel, the city average and the lower town The city is rectangular and has some hundred hectares There are numerous remains discovered gold, silver, pottery and bones But also jewelry, beads, pottery and seals There are two channels rainwater recovery, Mansar in the north and Manhar in the south The water was collected in 16 major reservoirs Some were carved into the rock, but most were built of stone and two large reservoirs including the edge of the city which measure about 79 meters long, 12 meters wide and 7 meters deep They include steps descending into the basin A large billboard overlooking the city on a rock gypsum was fixed a wooden panel of three meters long comprising ten large letters 37 cm high Once we have decoded the Indo-European writing, we’ll know what message greeted visitors arriving at Dholavira …

Surkotda

At Surkotda, Gujarat, was unearthed a city, composed of a citadel, great protective walls and a residential area The brick houses are equipped with bathrooms and sewage systems for the disposal of wastewater It is found painted pottery with writing denominated Indo-European We found a linga, sort of standing stone, terracotta But also many remains: copper objects, jewelry, tools, a typical Harappan seal, and a piece of charred rope But the most important discovery, is a horse bone This proves without question that the Indo-Europeans knew the horse there over 6000 years, and it definitely discredits the theory of Aryan invasion

Lothal

Lothal, Mount of the dead, in Gujarat, was discovered in 1954 The city included the upper part, the citadel, protected from flooding by a mud brick wall of 13 meters thick, and the lower The city was equipped with a network of sewage disposal, paved roads, wells and a bathroom in every house Some houses had two or three floors were built on a platform to protect them from the rising waters Lothal were several large pools, but the greatest of them is a pool of 214 meters long by 36 wide and 13 feet deep It was built with more than one million bricks … Built on site? Or imported? Where? With what transport? Reminder: brick = 1 million 1 million tons = 1000 kg This is for a single building of this great city, which houses dozens of buildings of this magnitude … A channel linking the Sabarmati river basin and to allow a lock to keep the depth of the port Near the wharf constructed along this basin, the warehouses were built on a base of 4 meters Remains found at Lothal demonstrate substantial trade relations with the Middle East, Egypt and Sumer Copper was imported from the Arabian Peninsula, 99.81% pure ingot This high can be explained with a very advanced technology See in this book, the first part: The people édenistes, Chapter 19: The copper route The system of weights and measures are Indo-European was used They used the decimal system for measuring lengths The bricks were of a standard report 100 × 50 × 25 (1: 2: 4) A mill stone beads, containing twelve rooms arranged around a central courtyard, was discovered Archaeologists have found two jars, one of which contained pearls unfinished hard stone, ivory and shell, and the other contained 600 carnelian beads are ready for sale Two other pots containing beads and a drill for drilling the stones were found Throughout the site, we found more than fifty thousand beads various sizes shapes: cylindrical, biconical, barrel-shaped, spherical, etc. … Necklaces were made with micro-gold beads of 0.25 mm diameter

Dvaraka

We must also speak of Dvaraka, the golden city of Krishna, quoted in the Mahabharata, which sank in the sea We have found traces in the Gulf of Cambay One of the relics is a reassembled triskell … This is proof that kelts were allied to the Indo-European Tocharian and for the combatre édenistes of China But for now, according to scientists, there is no solid evidence that the remains found on archaeological sites underwater are indeed those of Dvaraka What is troubling in this case is that the remains are brought to the surface of many types and same dates as those found on land sites in the valley of Thar … And also, that the location of this site underwater, where is should be Dvaraka … And walls submarines out there, if it is not the city of Dvaraka, what is it? To be continued …

Culture Namazga

The major cities of eastern Turkmenistan: Anau, Altyn-Depe, Ilginly-Depe and Namazga-Depe, are also part of Indo-European world What is more commonly known sites Namazga culture, are in reality the steps of this immense empire Trade and communication between these cities and those in the valley have proved the Thar Another major evidence is that they have shared the fate of prosperity and disappearance, the same dates as the Indo-European city-states

Other sites Indo-European

Many other sites Indo-Europeans were more or less summarily searched, including: Pirak, Bagarsar, Balakot, Kotdljl, Mittathal, Meham, Mehrgarh, Nausharo, Rakhigarhi, Ganweriwala, Gola Zuhr, Sutkagen-dor, etc. … All these sites have the same architectural features, the same culture, the same handwriting as well as mastery of technology Indo-European The total number of official sites, excavated and unexcavated, was 1052 in 2008 … Some archaeologists Indians speak today of more than 2000 … Anyway, everything remains to be discovered, beyond the fact that the Indo-Europeans were 6000 years ago, a strong ethnic, modern and industrialized

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 6: The valley of the Thar

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 6: The valley of the Thar

Published May 10, 2010

The carnelian beads were popular in the Indo-European civilization … They manufactured and exported in huge quantities …

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 6: The valley of the Thar

The arrival of Indo-European

The Indo-Europeans came to -4000, at the same time that the Sumerians, Egyptians and ases, but just a little before them Arrived first, they are installed as close to Sanchi, in the valley of the Thar Other ethnic groups have gone further … They were able to be part of the pantheon of the Rig Veda, written in -3900 Like the Sumerians, Egyptians and ases, they moved into a city state

Valley of the Thar

Valley of the Thar was then, in -4000, composed of rich alluvial plains located on both sides of the Indus, the Sarasvati and its tributaries We can say that the implementation of Indo-European in the valley of Thar included the entire present-day Pakistan, Afghanistan and even inside Turkmenistan, east The west, in India, included all the north-east India: Kashmir in Maharashtra, through the Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujarat, Mumbai and up

The Sarasvati

The Sarasvati was a river of more than 8 km wide, -4000, according to the Veda Given that everything we tell is true in the Vedas as and when there is no reason not to consider these texts The Vedic texts speak of the river Sarasvati and describe a prosperous world that lived on its banks, but also describe his disappearance Sarasvati received the waters of its tributaries now flow into the Indus and the Ganges Around -2000 BC. AD, the Sarasvati disappeared Today it is nearly established that the Sarasvati is the Ghaggar River Indian This is a seasonal river that flows only during the monsoon It originates in the Shivalik mountains in Himachal Pradesh It passes through Haryana, Punjab and then disappears into the sands of the Thar Desert in Rajasthan Its dry bed, conspicuous in flight, leads us to Pakistan where the river is called Hakra

The Indo-European civilization

The Indo-Europeans have founded there in 6000 years a nation of city-states These city-states had modern agriculture developed and practiced the trade by sea and land as far as Anatolia and Africa to the west, north to Mongolia and South America to the east There are about 5000 years, exchanges between the Valley and the Thar Middle East include Sumerian tablets attested by Much other evidence of exchanges have been discovered since The Valley Civilization Thar should be very productive to feed hundreds of thousands of citizens, or even millions Indeed, to date more than 1000 sites of city-states were discovered today, and it seems that the list is far from complete … The size of most cities is enough to support thousands and perhaps tens of thousands of people … The rational exploitation of the fertile alluvial soils in response to seasonal flooding could not be sufficient to ensure the needs of all these city-states … We did not find traces of irrigation systems, but they have been destroyed by frequent floods, but even so, it would not be enough to feed a large population … This leaves us to discover their real livelihood, but also the logistics that goes with an affluent population as numerous … Especially as the population of regular classroom also seemed very well off … It would be a good find, because today it is not yet solved this problem: How to have a rich population and a very large middle class, without the use of countless poor? The Indo-Europeans seem to have solved the problem …

Remains of the Thar valley

We found many clay female figurines: Women in labor, engaged in household chores, or naked with jewelry: earrings, necklaces, belts, or accompanied by a child But also in bronze: A famous bronze statuette represents a slender dancer with big bracelets around his left arm and collar Some clay figurines representing animals like bulls harnessed to carts The National Museum of New Delhi has a bronze chariot dating from 2500-2300 BC It is pulled by two horses fitted with a harness driver holding a long whip The front part of the chariot is decorated with a small representation of a horse

Writing of Indo-European

Writing of Indo-European is now almost universally recognized as a proto-Sanskrit Over 4000 steatite seals were discovered in the excavated areas of the valley of the Thar They are composed of pictograms Have been identified to date over 400 different signs, often representing animals unicorns, zebus, buffalo, tigers, elephants, crocodiles, etc. … But some are also a man with a horned headdress, a tree in front of which another person prostrate It is also shown seated and surrounded by animals This pictographic writing strangely resembles that of the Maya … We now know the freedom of expression of the scribes in the representation of signs of Mayan writing, where up to over 12 different designs are used to represent the same syllable This seems to be the same in these icons … The Mayan writing is deciphered recently, we should try to apply the same principles to the Indo-European symbols: Sanskrit based and approximation of multiple figures I am confident that the result will be surprising …

Indo-European mathematics

Mathematics is an integral part of the Indo-European culture Excavations at Harappa, Mohenjo-daro and the Thar valley, revealed a system of weights and measures decimal precise The weight of approximately 28 grams, are used in factor: 1/20, 1/10, 1/5, ½, 1/3, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 Lengths are measured with very precise rules A rule of ivory found at Lothal uses spaced lengths of 1.7 mm The bricks are in fixed proportions of 4:2:1 At Lothal, an instrument for measuring angles can divide the sky into 8 or 12 sections, was discovered They knew the Pythagorean Theorem, square the rectangle and in approximate that of the circle They know the values of π accurate to two decimal places, 3.14, and the square root of 2 to the fifth decimal But also the nine digits of the decimal system and zero: Sunya, a void In the Yajur-Veda, infinity: purna, fulfillment, is defined as: when you subtract purna from purna, there is still purna

The civilization of the Thar

Thar civilization, which the Vedas speak, is now confirmed by the excavations which show up in seniority – 7000 BC, and extended from the border from Iran to Mumbai (Bombay) The most active period and most modern technologically corresponds to -3300 to -1900 BC The streets of the city-states were oriented in the cardinal directions and at right angles The brick houses had several floors and each apartment had its own bathroom! The bricks were used for wells, walls and floors of tubs and swimming pools and water pipes For all other buildings, were used bricks … Wastewater is discharged through a sophisticated sewage system They knew the grain, livestock, pottery, porcelain, ceramics, metal and adorned with magnificent jewels For these jewels they did not hesitate to use beads, lapis lazuli and other precious and semi precious they imported, often from far away … But they were also writing, weights and measures standardized, astronomy and mathematics sophisticated …

History of the valley of the Thar

The first inhabitants of the valley of the Thar began to build sedentary villages to the seventh millennium BC Between 4000 and 2600 BCE, with the arrival of Indo-European, is planning The cities are divided into two areas, inhabited by distinct social classes Then, between 3200 and 1800 years BC, were built large cities The walls of Harappa, to protect the city from flooding of the Indus, date from between 2700 and 2600 BCE Between 2600 and 1 900 years BC, we find that this is only one great civilization The cities are scattered within several thousand kilometers They use the same script and same soapstone seals The vessels have the same drawings Weights and measures used are the same throughout the Indo-European From 1 900 to 1600 years BC, the cities have been abandoned

The Indo-European

In large cities, there was found temples or palaces No large building, outside the warehouse to store supplies, goods and equipment … No traces that would prove the existence of a king, or armies of priests or even slaves Immediately, two different neighborhoods, showing a difference of social class And this is normal: the Indo-Europeans are gods The million gods of Hindu mythology … Thus they are regarded by local people If tomorrow we are establishing on the moon, or much further in March, we will build a temple or warehouse? If there exists a population, a level much lower than our technology, we would have something to fear? And it’s not the walls that will protect us from nuclear missiles from our friends … We obviously will build two neighborhoods: one for us and one for the people we use labor We will ensure a high standard of living for these people to get quality work and loyalty This is exactly what we find in the valley of Thar, where Indo-Europeans settled in approximately -4000

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