Part 1: The people édenistes, Chapter 14: The megaliths of Senegambia

Part 1: The people édenistes, Chapter 14: The megaliths of Senegambia
Published July 19, 2009

A circle of megaliths of Sine Ngayène … The website photos are of Sine Ngayène Didier EUZET
Authorized copy, endorsed: Copyright © Didier EUZET With my thanks
DESTINATION EARTH, Book Two: The peoples Part 1: The people édenistes, Chapter 14: The megaliths of Senegambia


In Senegambia there are nearly 28,931 monoliths of volcanic rock between the rivers Gambia and Saloum south to the north, is a unique concentration The area of the megaliths is central-western Senegal and part of the Gambia It has the shape of an ellipse about 350 km long and 100 km wide and connects the towns of Kaolack and Goudiri The area represents an area of nearly 38 000 km2 On site there are 1987 1053 Stone Circles They are classified into four categories: The megalithic circle, the circle scree, the megalithic mounds and mounds scree A lyre of Senegal is one of the oldest megalith World It comes from the Tombelle Diam-Diam, Niani-Maro, in the circle of the Sine-Saloum, and is exposed on the esplanade of the National Museum of the Arts of Africa and Oceania in Paris and dates from 4500 BC about These sites form a geometric alignment of fields in circles and circles Hundreds of circles often form a V It is estimated the weight of some of these stones to 2 or 3 tons and up to 10 tons can The megaliths of Senegambia are World Heritage of UNESCO since 2006 The exceptional value of this heritage, the need to conserve and to benefit the world community has encouraged the governments of Senegal and Gambia to unite for the preservation and operation of these listed sites

Megalithic sites
The four main sites are Ngayène Sine, Wanar, and Wassu Kerbatch that count 93 circles and numerous tumuli and burial mounds Some were searched and found to the archaeological material that can be dated between the third century BC and the sixteenth century AD The circles are made with stones of laterite pillars and their associated burial mounds Circles are generally associated with isolated columns or rows Some circles are composed of two concentric circles The stones forming the circles were extracted using iron tools and skillfully shaped into almost identical columns, of cylindrical or polygonal, with an average height of 2 meters and weighing up to 7 tons Each circle contains between 8 and 14 pillars and a diameter of 4 to 6 meters All are located near the burial mounds The most distinctive landmark of the megalithic area is that of Sine Ngayen which has 52 clubs for 1200 megalithic stones and hundreds of burial mounds The site is less important in Wanaar quantity Sine Ngayène but the stones are cut more finely Stones from other sites are often large blocks whereas Wanaar huge stones are smaller and related A-shaped or Y The laterite rock flush the area Nioro du Rip allowed the construction of these monuments in stone that differ from the mound of sand, earth or shells observed in the rest of Senegambia Some sites include two types of monuments, stone circles and burial mounds The mounds are always located outside the megalithic circles This proves that the mounds are later than the circles It was found in the megalithic circles many bodies, most of the skeletons had dental mutilation Worship but also pottery, the weapons and ornaments

The mound

The mounds are a funerary practice of Senegal ancient El Bakri said, in the eleventh century, the funeral of King of Ghana: At the death of the king, they set up a huge wooden dome over his grave It brings the body that is placed on a stretcher covered with a few rugs and cushions They lay near death of her ornaments, weapons and personal belongings to eat and drink along with food and drink Is enclosed with him several of his cooks and beverage manufacturers Once the door closed, the building is available on mats and fabrics All the assembled crowd the grave covered with earth, which gradually becomes a mound impressive The area of the mounds is located in the northern and central-western Senegal There are over 8000 mounds divided into 1896 websites Excavations at 21 monuments near Rao in the region of St. Louis confirmed the function of these funerary monuments and contained an important archaeological In the tumulus P Rao discovered there a breastplate of gold, is the jewel of the archaeological collections of Senegal The richness of the furniture and the size of the mounds that they have been for the characters of princely rank The dating of the mounds of earth is still unknown, but would be between the eighth and thirteenth century AD

Clusters and shell mounds

Area of shell midden is located on the Atlantic coast of Senegal, mainly in the Saloum delta It is artificial clusters of sea shells on which we built funerary monuments It can be dated to the fourth and sixteenth century At that time the fishery was highly developed marine molluscs The shells were emptied on the spot created genuine artificial islands, some of which have reached more than 10m above sea level It was then erected mounds It was found in these shell mounds an important ceramic material, metal and bone and many body Some 18 000 of 903 people buried in the tumulus of the Saloum delta In the Casamance River Delta, the excavation of eight shell middens to attest Samatit Niamun and human occupation of the second century BC to the eighteenth century AD

Megaliths in Cameroon

The main areas of western Cameroon megalithic are Fundong, Ndop, Ndu and Nkambé A Fundong, there are square structures made of granite boulders, arranged to form seats which are still used today as a meeting place, but also of basalt monoliths A Ndop monoliths stand like menhirs Monolith Bamali, 4.70 m high, still on the throne instead of the chiefdom At Bambalang on the market square, another great monolith of 3.30 m always keeps its function as totem, serving as a judge in case of theft or conflict Nkambé is the richest, with megalithic located hillside on terraces Ndarkwé consists of 24 stones in a square of side 5 m on average, around a small set of eight cylindrical terminals placed in the center The stone circle Mbomotchu includes the same number of stones and terminals Monoliths Mbula consist of blocks of granite or basalt prismatic raised on the prairies, either isolated or grouped or aligned

The site Mbooseng, the hillside has eight terraces on which are placed monoliths, millstones and structures of standing stones erected in a square At the Nigerian border in the Mamfe basin there is another form of megalithic anthropomorphic monoliths carved on basalt These monoliths, twelve in number, are arranged in a circle in a sacred area These are markers representing a ceremonial original ancestor deified The inhabitants of this area belong to the group Ekoi They occupy the whole transboundary basin of the Cross River They made many monoliths called akwanshi or atal These sculpted monoliths have been better studied in neighboring Nigeria, and there are more than 300 monoliths identified at 39 sites They have been dated to the third century and sixteenth centuries, the tradition perpetuated until the early nineteenth century It remains a major inventory to lead in this Western region as some carved monoliths are found on the market of art crafts and even sold on the Internet In the eastern region of Adamawa, near Djohong, archaeologist Marliac reported in 1973 the presence of two monoliths and mounds Djohong Yikpangma which are reminiscent of megalithic people of Tazunu Bouar in Central African Republic, dated to the oldest -1000

The Dogon of West
The Dogon accompanied Atlantis arrived in West Africa to – 5200 They are built these huge megalithic under the supervision of the Atlantis at the places determined for use in MA, the wave sources telluric They could not find locally, or at a suitable distance, large deposits of granite, and therefore the offset by a large number of antennas designed to attract megalithic solar waves, the difference in density of the rock That’s why these stones are so many The AMM – 5000, having done its job, sinking Atlantis, it must be dismantled This was done, and the Dogon have remained behind to guard the stones so that no one reconstruct the MA Like Stonehenge, the dismantling has focused on removing parts megalithic mistresses, the rest being left in place, thereby facilitating its future reuse by other ethnic groups Gradually, as time passed, the Dogon have been more or less absorbed by nearby populations The pressure is made so large, they had to regroup further east still

At the time of Mansa Musa, 1312 – 1337, the pressure of Islam is such that the Dogon have to leave Senegal for not being forced to convert to Islam They are moving further east, Mali, to the Bandiagara escarpment, where they are still

Reuse of megaliths

As to the abandonment of the sovereignty of the Dogon of the megaliths, the local people are engrossed They were able to reconstruct between – 500 and + 1300 religious sites with these megaliths abandoned
They then built burial mounds they use associated with these circles reconstituted for the protection of the gods The Dogon have never used these stones for religious use because they knew that their gods had used these stones for technical use … When the Dogon left the Senegambia, it becomes the climax of the Megalithic reconstruction of the region …



money is the human predator
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