Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 6: The Tocharian of Mongolia

Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 6: The Tocharian of Mongolia

Published July 25, 2009

The deer stones in Mongolia …

DESTINATION EARTH   Book Two: The peoples

Part 3: The Tocharian   Chapter 6: The Tocharian of Mongolia

Mongolia

Mongolia is a landlocked country of highlands in three mountain ranges, the Altai, Khangai Mountains, the Khentii Mountains and the Gobi Desert The country is fed by an extensive network of rivers and lakes The best known is the lav Khovsgol, 130 km long and 30 km wide The lake is sacred to the Mongolian Mongolia is wedged between Russia and China … She had until the twentieth century a territory twice the size currently The northern part was annexed by Russia and is now part of Siberia Inner Mongolia, south, composed of a large part of the Gobi Desert, is a Chinese province … Covering an area of 1,566,500 square kilometers, almost three times that of France, the average altitude of 1580 meters Population of 2.4 million inhabitants, or 1.5 per square kilometer, 800 000 in Ulaanbaatar GDP per capita is U.S. $ 416. There is a herd of 30.1 million head of cattle, 13.8 million sheep, 10.2 million goats, 3 million cattle, 2.6 million horses and 322,000 camels …

The Xiongnu

The history of Mongolia began in 250 BC. AD … Before, there was nothing … Finally, nothing we do know now … The Xiongnu, 250 BC. About AD to 216 AD. AD, are the first known Mongolian … The Xiongnu or Hsiung-nu, are led by Shan-yu, and is located on the upper course of Orkhon Xiongnu in the transfer of power was not hereditary, the chan-yu was elected among the best warriors This conferred on him the title of son of heaven and earth, and he became the incarnation of the sun and moon before whom he prostrated himself every morning and evening Both toukis, wise leaders, his deputies are provincial The wise leader of the Left, heir to the title of chan-yu, is headquartered in the east near the headwaters of the Kerulen The wise leader is installed right in the mountains of Khangai, near Ouliastaï They are assisted by officials … The army of the empire is divided into ten regiments, divided into squads and tenths … The cavalry is the main weapon and they are excellent archers The excavations Noïm-Oualaï, showed that the Xiongnu practice the craft: ironwork, cast iron dishes, bells, spinning and weaving of wool, gold

Wang Zhaojun

Wang Zhaojun was a concubine of popular origin of the imperial harem of the Han Dynasty The emperor chose his concubine of the day from the tables of his official painter Wang beautiful, although it surpassed its rivals in beauty, was never chosen by the Emperor Indeed, the picture seen by the painter was embellished by exchanges of concubines Poor Wang was quite unable to buy the favors of the artist for those of the son of heaven The Emperor had never seen so When the Xiongnu threat was again valid, the court decided to send them a concubine of the emperor to become their princess Chosen from his portrait, which was not the misfortune to discover the Emperor’s unforgettable beauty that went! But the choice was made, and the fate of the beautiful Wang Zhaojun was to seal a tentative peace with the invading nomadic A prince came to her and carried her on his horse …

History of Mongolia

After the Xiongnu, the tabghach come, then the Huns … Follow the Avar and many other tribes to achieve Genghis Khan Genghis Khan established his empire from his tribe, the arlats, Confederate other Mongol tribes He then annexed the djelaïrs, Tatars, the Merkits, the Oirats, the tumats the Naimans the ongüts, and kereits Born around 1155 and died in 1227, he was the first Mongol Emperor Khan, the Mongol Empire Kagan Born Temujin Temudjin or, in the clan Bordjigin, through its political and military genius, he united the Turkish and Mongol tribes of Central Asia and founded the largest empire of all time … Other famous Mongol conquerors are the Timurid and Mughal … The Timurid Samarkand allied with Mongols led by Tamerlane, Timur-i Lang, make the conquest of Iran, Turkestan and Afghanistan … The Mughal conquered India …

Neolithic jade in Mongolia

The excavations of A. P. Okladnikov Aimak of 1960 in the south of the Gobi plateau yielded the remains of a stone cutting workshop, a stone fireplace, weapons and stone tools, animal bones, including poultry, leftovers coal and ash, dating from the seventh or fifth millennium BC. J.-C Near the river were discovered Yœrœ mortars mills proving knowledge of the transformation of wheat But there are also tools and objects found in nephritis … The major sources of nephrite jade in China in the Neolithic deposits were in the region of Ningshao in the Yangtze River Delta, Liangzhu Culture, 3400-2250 BC, and in an area of Liaoning Province and Mongolia interior, Hongshan Culture, 4700-2200 BC Jade was used to create many utilitarian and ceremonial objects from interior decorations to the funeral and costume jewelry … He was considered the stone imperial Since the first Chinese dynasty, jade comes mainly from the region of Khotan in Xinjiang, Shaanxi and Lantian Nephritis are greenish white and small veins or are carried by the river down from the Kunlun Mountains to the Taklamakan desert Jade was abundant in the Yarkand, the Yurungkash, White Jade River and Karakash, Black Jade River The Kingdom of Khotan on the Silk Road, China to pay an annual tribute of white jade, considered more precious than gold and silver

Eghiin Gol

The French Archaeological Mission in Mongolia by Pierre-Henri Giscard, research director at the Institute of Deserts and Eric Crubézy, professor of anthropology at the University Paul Sabatier of Toulouse, French brings together researchers, Mongolian and Russian and is dedicated to excavation of the great necropolis of Eghiin Gol (Gol Egyin) North of Mongolia, the necropolis was used for over 3000 years … From the Bronze Age, there are several tombs of the second and third millennia before our era, and two very large monuments like megaliths of nearly 400 m2 area … Xiongnu period, 20 graves have already been studied, delivering well-preserved skeletons, jewelry including gold and coral, guns, bows, arrowheads, ceramics, dishes, bark boxes birch, etc. … A sun and moon metal have also been discovered

The megaliths of Mongolia

North of Mongolia, the granite monoliths, megaliths, called deer stones, because of engraved representations of deer, reaching 4.50 m in height … They were erected between 1100 and 800 BC. AD We’ve already found more than 700 in Mongolia, Kazakhstan and Russia A hunting scene was discovered on a rock 6 km west of Gol Mod Three deer appear chased by a horse Deer, doe, fawn and are pursuing their deleted These carvings probably date from the early Bronze Age Buddhist monasteries today, were built in the middle of nowhere … In fact, they are built on ancient megalithic sites … When asked monks, why the monasteries were built at these places, they’ll answer that here, the energy reaches the earth energy from the sky … This is exactly the definition I gave of menhirs in the first book, 5 th portion, Chapter 3, the menhirs Atlantean …

The deer stones of Gol Моd

At Gol Моd in a cemetery prior to the Xiongnu necropolis, one can see five columns These monoliths, that may reach 3 m high, have the same style of Eastern Mongolia to the Altai, Gobi in Kazakhstan The end of the millennium IIе IIIе century BC, the artists systematically the same distribution of figures from top to bottom of each stele The stele of a Gol Моd illustrates this distribution: – At the top, the inscriptions of two circles of different sizes showing the sun and the moon – Under the stars, in the middle part, stags with long slender antlers are up or down the stele – Basically there are different weapons, shields, daggers, axes and bows The set is engraved a cosmology where each topic corresponds to an area of the universe: stars for the sky, deer occupy an intermediate and weapons represent the terrestrial space occupied by men The part of the monolith buried in the earth, certainly to the underworld, the deceased’s Under these deer stones rest of the warriors buried with their weapons The cemeteries are made of dry stones assembled in rectangular enclosures surrounding mounds lined with mounds of stones, kereksurs It was found that some deer stones were loosened, an estimated date to the seventh century BC, to serve as tombs

The Tocharian of Mongolia

The Tocharian, after being repulsed by édenistes the Gobi desert, have no other option for their expansion as the north, Mongolia … And we find their traces usual: megaliths, wheat, livestock, metal smelting, jewelry, weapons and horses etc …And even, you can see from this photo, make-plated bronze malachite … And of course, as with Tocharian Tibet and Xinjiang, the decimal system and the army organized in dozens … And all that, there 5000 years … This is well within the standards of Neolithic man than working to extract the jade to make jewelry … That alone is a clear evidence of colonization of Mongolia by Tocharian Atlantean … And of course, they are son of heaven and earth … As the menhirs … And Mongolian culture, we like anywhere else in the world, reused megaliths, mainly funerary monuments … And mimicry, we built new, until the end of the first millennium AD Less impressive in size and weight of course …

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About DOUGLAS MOONSTONE

money is the human predator
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