Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 10: The Tocharian Thailand

Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 10: The Tocharian Thailand
Published July 25, 2009


Wat Prakeo, splendor of Bangkok …

DESTINATION EARTH Book Two: The peoples

Part 3: The Tocharian Chapter 10: The Tocharian Thailand

Thailand

Siam, called Thailand since 1939, is 514,000 square kilometers and had around 70 million people in 2007 The country is about 805 km from east to west and 1,770 km from north to south The capital, Bangkok, or Krungthep City of Angels, is located at the end of the delta of the Menam Chao Phraya, or Menam mother-water, means river in Thai In the center, the alluvial plain of the Chao Phraya is the densest area and richest The country is divided administratively into 76 provinces, jangwat, divided into five groups Thailand is Theravada Buddhism of worship, the official religion practiced by over 95% of the population But we see also animist practices, such as the use of amulets and especially the domestic worship rendered to the “spirit of place”, the chao thi The houses of their minds are devoted These are small shrines situated on stilts in front of houses, buildings or shops Thank the Thai people and pray every day with offerings of flower garlands and food It seems unthinkable to a Thai, start construction before a spirit house built on the ground where you will build, and to have made offerings to the spirit accepts the future construction on the field … Even if it is a skyscraper in town … There are 4% Muslim and less than 1% of Christian The Thai language has no relationship to the Chinese It belongs to the branch known as tai-tai kam family tai kadai languages Thailand has 75% of Thais, 11% of Sino-Thai, 3.5% Malay and Khmer, Mons, Vietnamese, Laotian, Indian, Persian, but the hill tribes from southern China and Tibet

History of Thailand

Came from southern China, the Thai people, settled in Yunnan in the first century BC. AD, blended with the local people, and quickly took control In the seventh century, Buddhism began to spread In the eleventh century, the Khmer baptized the immigrants from China’s syams, meaning swarthy At the end of the twelfth century, the Thai people together formed the kingdom of Siam, and Sukhothai was proclaimed in 1238 the first independent Thai kingdom The kingdom of Ayutthaya, founded in 1351, extended eastward, Nakhon Ratchasima, and North, Sukhothai and Chiang Mai In the early seventeenth century, intensified trade with China, Japan and Europe, mainly Portugal, England and the Netherlands Lorsqu’Ayutthaya was threatened by a naval blockade, King Narai made Lopburi the second capital and there received the ambassador of Louis XIV, the Chevalier de Chaumont and the Jesuit missionaries who accompanied General Taksin drove the Burmese invaded Ayutthaya and captured Thonburi, which he made his capital and proclaimed himself king In 1782, a revolt broke out against King Taksin was executed General Chakri succeeded King Taksin and reigned under the name of Rama I. In this dynasty, Rama IV distinguished himself for saving the kingdom of colonization, signed important treaties with Europe, modernized the army, and introduced Western medicine Hollywood made him known to the West with the film “Anna and the King” His eldest son, King Chulalongkorn, Rama V abolished slavery and built the first railway line He was the first Thai monarch to visit Europe Rama VI, Chulalongkorn son was educated in England He made it compulsory primary school and built the first university Under the reign of his brother, Rama VII, the absolute monarchy was abolished and Siam became a constitutional monarchy, which marked the end of the direct intervention of the King in politics Siam was renamed Thailand in 1939 after the seizure of power by General Plaek Phibunsongkhram On 5 December 1946, HM King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Rama IX, ascended the throne It is still king of Thailand to date, and his reign is the most durable of all Thai history

Archaeological sites

There are many archaeological sites in Thailand, but as in all the Indochinese peninsula, there are still more to discover, as most us are hidden by the jungle Known sites are operated touristically and guarded by the military, but most sites are secret … Indeed, the army guards still undeveloped sites to be reviewed by archaeologists, to be subsequently secure and open to the public It must be said that throughout the Indochinese peninsula, rages the lucrative antiquities … Also, when a site is discovered in the jungle, the poor start with the loot before reporting to the army, if they do … If of course the majority of the generals and the army are honest, they are also bad apples in their ranks and infrastructure at their disposal gives them very efficient at eliminating antiques marketable … Generally in this case, before making up information from the discovery site, if there is something they use, and send these to a military antiques from a neighboring country, which will disappear in the market world, antiques collected …

Khok Phanom Di

Khok Phanom Di, central Thailand, in the delta of the Menam, was occupied between 2000 and 1500 BC Have been found in a necropolis activity for 17 to 20 generations The graves were first dispersed, then quickly became collective and family The dead are coated with ocher and buried lying on his back, head east and feet west The review demonstrates a Graves and exogamous matriarchal society, the practice whereby the spouses must not belong to the same social group These are rice farmers and potters

Bang Chiang

Bang Chiang in the province of Udon Thani, northeast Thailand, we found traces of a civilization using decorated pottery and bronze objects dating from about 5000 years ago … They had weapons and tools of iron and glass object of Indian origin … But also beautiful ceramic vases and earrings and bracelets in bronze It is also found rolls of clay for decorating fabrics designs and writes drawings … there was farming and metallurgy …

Ban Wang Hi

At Ban Wang Hi, in the province of Lamphun, burials have been found dating back more than 2 000 years Seventeen graves of adults, children and newborns The furniture consists of Graves jewelry, necklaces of glass beads, stone and shell, earrings, glass and bronze bracelets As Chiang Bang, there are tools and iron weapons and pottery vessels But also funerary urns with lid, decorated ceramic There must exist a social differentiation, because some graves have no furniture and others are heavily endowed With a young man, there were a dozen tools and iron weapons, swords, spears bush, axes, spear tips, etc … He wore a necklace of blue glass beads and shell into thin rounds Two large glass earrings were placed under the skull With another adult body, there were several iron instruments, two potteries, an imposing bronze cuff in his right arm and a wrist rattle of the same metal in the left arm He also wore a pearl necklace in molten glass, agate and shells around the neck and two earrings in glass The graves of newborns are characterized by special ceramic vases: a jar-lid and bowl, that were joined together by links, the edges of vases being perforated They are sometimes buried with necklaces or bracelets seeds, beads, stone and shell, and sometimes with an iron tool A child carried a knife in the belt of iron and about thirty small balls of clay were collected at the right side of his skull, near a small metal object, possibly the remains of a Slingshot The graves of children, sometimes very young, and even a disabled adult: he had the ribs, vertebrae and pelvis welded, confirms a very advanced society integrating all of its members

Sukhothai

Along the ramparts of the ancient city of Sukhothai, the first capital of Thailand, are over 20 monuments Buddhist temples from the 10th to 16th century … Wat Mahathat, is dominated by a chedi in lotus-shaped button 4 stupas and 4 prangs were erected on a platform Wat Sri Sawai is distinguished by its three major Khmer-style prang It is certainly predates the founding of the Thai capital and was established in honor of the Hindu god Siva before being Buddhist Trapang Ngoen wat is located on an island in the middle of a large lotus pond Wat Sra Sri is located on an island north of Mahathat, home to a style chedi of Sri Lanka, the ruins of a large viharn and a stucco Buddha Wat Phra Phai Luang and Wat Si Chum are also noteworthy temples

Obluang

The site Obluang in Chiang Mai province, has allowed to establish a chronology of human occupation, from the late Paleolithic to the Bronze Age You can very well place the site on the map, thanks to the red square … Of course, I’m stupid, you had already read … The wall of the rock shelter of Pha Chang carries traces ocher, covered with white paint most recent, dating from 28,000 BP It has found a stick of hematite used Iron ore, it is the pigment found in some clays, and gives the red ocher The occupation of the site belongs to the hunter-gatherer cultures hoabinhiennes say, characterized by the use of a tool on roller arranged on one side The site Obluang-Village is defined by the presence of Neolithic pottery and polished stone tools The Metal Age is represented by a burial with grave goods, cuts off, bowls up collar, corded and incised decoration and jewelry, seashell bracelets, one of which was repaired and bracelets bronze made of thin strips and rings

Prasat Mueang Sing

The Khmer Prasat Mueang Sing, the tower of the city of lions, was the outpost to the west of the Khmer empire of Angkor Skeletal remains dating back over 4000 years have been unearthed But it’s also found a wide variety of objects, pottery, ax heads, jewelery made with animal bones, sculptures of temples, religious statues, pieces of pottery tools and It overlooks the Khwae Noi The Neolithic settlement was discovered by an Allied prisoner of war during the construction of the railway of death

Ban Don Ta Phet

In Ban Don Ta Phet in the south-western Thailand, have been found bowls made of an alloy extremely difficult to achieve, yet it dates from the Iron Age, that is to say, the end of the 2nd millennium BC … This alloy resembles gold and bronze is actually high in tin … The tombs found are oriented north-south and the skeletons head east

Mok Khalan
Khalan Mok, in southern Thailand, we see an alignment 36pierres erected near a Buddhist monastery in the jungle The stones are roughly hewn We only see what remains of it, because the inhabitants of nearby villages have used many stones as pillars of the site, stair treads, etc. …

Kho SAMOI

The island of Kho SAMOI, Koh means island in Thai, in the Gulf of Siam, southern Thailand, is the largest island in the Angthong Marine National Park, the golden ball This is a tropical island lined with coconut palms and white sand beaches, a paradise, which has been hit hard by the tsunami Given the economic importance of this tourist paradise, almost everything has found its place There is a menhir over 2 meters … But there may be others in the surrounding jungle, hoping that the construction of hotels along the beaches, did not simply disappear because … Because, as you can see, in Thailand, the menhirs are not a national heritage, but a gene for traffic and the construction of hotels … We even wrapped it with tape to prevent road tourists bump into it with their vehicles …

The Tocharian Thailand

We find everywhere the traces of Tocharian in Thailand, although many sites are still hidden in the jungle … For a long time, archeology not begin until about the year 1200, all that had happened before, is considered irrelevant … Only for over ten years that have realized that the cultural history of Thailand began about 4000 years before that date … And recently, we also realized that the temples of 12 th and 13 th century, were actually rehabilitated or rebuilt over the structures that were already about 4000 years … As we saw in the discovery of known sites and saved from the plunder, they found weapons and iron tools, glass object of Indian origin, ceramic vases, bronze bracelets, jewelry , rolls of clay reflecting the work of writing and tissues, the existence of agriculture and metallurgy, the existence of elaborate funeral rites with the conservation of ash in ceramic urns, the existence of structures and social classes, etc. … Finally, there are even listed menhirs and certainly many other megalithic sites to discover … And all this, there is about 5000 years … This proves that the Tocharian, and certainly with them Mayan, are passed through, and some settled there

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About DOUGLAS MOONSTONE

money is the human predator
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