Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 11: The Tocharian in Laos

Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 11: The Tocharian in Laos

Published July 25, 2009

The large jar of the Plain of Jars … It is estimated at 7 tons … Carved in stone, in one piece …

DESTINATION EARTH   Book Two: The peoples

Part 3: The Tocharian   Chapter 11: The Tocharian in Laos


Laos, an area of 236,800 km2, stretches over 1,100 km long, 15 ° 5-25 ° north latitude, and has a population of about 5.5 million people, the Lao Marini’s father speaks of Lao, the mid-seventeenth century, as the realm of langiens, Lan Xang, which means, a million elephants He is one and if so powerful kingdoms of East last of which was never heard in Europe, he said … The country has no coastline and the topography is formed by two-thirds of mountains and plateaus The Mekong River is the main artery of the country

History of Laos

Lao prehistory is barely distinguishable from that of neighboring countries In the Neolithic Age, pottery and bronze work did not differ more than those of neighboring countries The Bronze Age civilization of that time was known as the Dong Son, named after the site of contemporary Vietnamese Dongson, in the province of Thanh Hoa The megalithic standing stones, stone circles, burial pits covered with large circular slabs, it is found, in the last 2 millennia BC The earliest known inhabitants of Laos to the historical period are the Kha Then the Cham, Malay Champa Indianised set in, occupy the current southern Laos, Champassak during the first centuries of the Christian era before being ousted in the fifth and sixth centuries by the Khmer, who will establish for centuries hegemony over the peninsula of Indochina In 1353, victorious from his grandfather who committed suicide, Fa-Ngum, ascended the throne of Luang Prabang It gives the Lao kingdom called Lan-Xang, the Kingdom of a Million Elephants He submits the neighboring principalities imposed its suzerainty and the Prince of Vientiane by capturing its capital He then extended his kingdom to the south-east to the Annamite chain and takes control of Tchepone before negotiating the delimitation of new frontiers with neighboring Vietnam Westward, he invaded the kingdom of Ayuthia and the Siamese king gets the payment of tribute and the hand of his daughter The new king and local reform Buddhism brought a miraculous statue of the Buddha, the Prabang, the holy shoulders covered, who becomes the protector of the realm and give her new name to the capital, Luang Prabang, the ancient Muong Xua In 1404, the new Ming dynasty recognizes the authority of the sovereign over his kingdom Lao From 1428 to 1440, the eldest daughter of King Sen-Sa-T’ai, Nang-Keo-P’impa, the lady jewel image, is placed on the throne seven successive kings, who were her lovers and she did commit suicide or run periodically after reigning in their place She ends up by herself on the throne but holds it until four months before being murdered in turn. In 1641, arrived in Vientiane a Dutch merchant, Van Geritt Wuysthoff, including the Journal provides valuable information on the kingdom at the beginning of the reign of Suriyavongsa It was at this time that the father wrote his Marini: Relationship of new and strange realms of Tonkin and Lao These are the first contacts with Europeans by the mysterious realm of the interior of Indochina In 1753, the Kingdom of Luang Prabang is invaded and sacked by the Burmese without the king of Vientiane is doing to her rescue

In 1778, the Siamese captured Vientiane, sacked, outweigh the sacred statue of the Buddha and the kingdom vassals In 1851-1869, reign Canta-Kuman, said the son of the moon The Lao kingdom is in full decline and descriptions given by the French traveler Henri Mouhot, have nothing to do with those of the father of Marini and Van Wuysthoff Dutch, who had in the seventeenth century a prosperous state In 1859 France occupied Saigon, Vietnam In 1863, Cambodia, vassal of Siam, accepted the protectorate of France In 1869, it was Kam-Oun, who became king in Luang Prabang and his reign of France will put the Trust Laos. On July 16, 1884, a treaty between France and England to France recognizes the rights of the Mekong valley In 1885, Burma came under the control of England In 1887, France created the Indochinese Union grouping of Cochin China, Cambodia, Tonkin and Annam In 1898, Laos is included in the Indochinese Union on the initiative of Paul Doumer, Governor General of Indochina from 1897 to 1902 In 1921, the Company Saigon navigation inherits the monopoly enjoyed by Courier river navigation on the Mekong This monopoly will be abolished during the Second World War, having allowed these companies to obtain very large public subsidies and produce profits pharamineux … On August 29, 1945 is proclaimed in Hanoi, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam On July 20, 1954, is the signing of the Geneva agreements which put an end to the war in Indochina The independence of Laos and Cambodia was reaffirmed on this occasion December 14, 1955 Laos was admitted to UN Was proclaimed in December 1975, the Democratic People’s Republic of Laos In 1991, the People’s Revolutionary Party, converted to a market economy, remains the single party and its president and secretary general is elected Kaysone Vomphihane August 15th president In 1992, after the death of Kaysone Phomvihane, Nouhak Phoumsavan becomes head of state Laos then undertook to implement a policy of wide opening to the West, marked in particular by the signing of a pact of friendship and cooperation with Thailand Lieutenant General Choummaly Sayasone became president of the Lao PDR since his election June 8, 2006

The legend of menhirs

Ba Hat, the leader of Kha Yeui Phon lived in San Ang, and had magical powers He was very tall and his chest was 1 m 80! Between her eyebrows, the distance was 20 cm He ascended into heaven, and the Phi Then him three gifts: A drum with two faces, one serving to eliminate the enemies, the other to invoke the aid of hosts A huge punch that is sinking into the earth to get water An ax to cut the stone Back on land, Ba Hat refused to recognize the suzerainty of the king of Luang Prabang Irritated the monarch declared war on his vassal was defeated and recalcitrant A hawk on a chicken being precipitated, the struggle of the two birds made a noise Winners believing the return of the enemy, fought with all his magic drum Then the Phi came down from heaven, but not seeing anywhere to aggressor, he was so furious that he took the magic instrument Ba Hat went with his servants to cut along the Nam Peun stone blocks They were to ride on the crest of San Ang and build the free city of Phan Kong This city is completed, the chief proclaimed independent of Vientiane and Luang Prabang The king of Luang Prabang became angry, but could not conquer by force, he resorted to trickery He sent one of his mandarins, qu’astucieux hypocritical to ask the hand of the daughter of the rebel Ba Hat, not suspecting anything, consented and the marriage took place The son of Luang Prabang, very considerate and very clever, won the favor and the full confidence of his in-laws He managed to persuade them to lay on a bed of fire punch and magical ax These instruments soon lost their wonderful virtues and Ba Hat had to abandon his stronghold build The stones were left on the neck where they were assembled and later served to the fields of menhirs San Kong Phan and neighborhood The wily son, suggested to his parents to build a beautiful wooden building, so high that they would see the top Luang Prabang when many people were at the top of the tower, they cried as they saw the great city of the Mekong To their amazement and their joy, no one suspected what was happening The excellent in-law had set fire to the bottom of the building that collapsed The knave imagined a few more towers and similar unfortunate mountaineers almost all perished Their descendants would be the rare Phong or Pong These ancestors of the heroic age, tall, strong, bearded, bronzed and with sharp features, were the first occupants of the country and manufacturers of objects found in burial pits near menhirs

Laotian sites

There are about 5000 years to Neolithic times, the present territory of Laos is occupied by advanced populations, who have left us well-covered graves circular slabs, menhirs, dolmens, cromlechs and other megalithic remarkable, unknown Moreover, jars … But also furniture, weapons and jewelry, remarkable for their fine … Objects of polished stone, axes, adzes, chisels, bracelets, etc. … Pottery and ceramics decorated … Beautiful bronze drums and stone … But as in the rest of the peninsula, the most beautiful, fortunately remains to be discovered …

Suan Hin

In the area of Hua Phan at Suan Hin, a place called the garden of stones, there are hundreds of fields of menhirs and stone circles, on a site of more than 10 kms 3 fields of megaliths succeed to reach a bunch of standing stones … They are slate blades, standing erect, one behind the other, and generally with the largest center … In the surrounding graves were discovered, buried deep, with an access shaft with steps … The chimneys were covered with a hard stone, with a diameter of several meters … In the burial chamber, occupied by several people, separated by walls of schist, have been found pottery, urns, jewelry, stone artifacts, ceramic and bronze …


Near Sam Neua in Hua Phan province, lies the archaeological park Hintang, World Heritage of Unesco, which is studded with numerous and huge megaliths … It also includes burial chambers, as a San Hui, and a beautiful cover and huge circular stone used to display table at the souvenir shop of the site …

The Plain of Jars

In the province of Xieng Khuang Phonsavan, the Plain of Jars is located on a plateau of 40 square km on each side about The plain lies at an average altitude of 1200 m to 1500 To the top of some hills are grouped huge megalithic stone jars in sandstone, limestone, and shale The height of the jars is up to 3m, they are driven into the ground Some are blocked with stone lids But most of the covers are broken Some covers are decorated There are 3 main sites of several spaced km, one of the other, and forming all 3 together, a straight line In each of these three sites, there are 150 to 250 jars, which the smallest is about 2 tons and greater, more than 7 tons Elsewhere on the plateau, there are over 400 groups from March to October coins scattered in nature They were carved from the surrounding mountains, several hundred miles from the Plain of Jars In early 1930, the excavations we discover in the middle of a burial cave jars It is found terracotta vases, objects of polished stone, iron tools, bronze jewelry, glass beads and calcined bones

Province of Luang Phabang

In this province, along the Mekong River, which forms the border between Laos and Thailand, there are many caves, which were used for human habitation for many millennia A Tham Ting Cave of the Buddhas, the site was built especially during the Buddhist period, but as in all these sites, they of course, was later reused as … It found drums of stone, Neolithic, especially furniture enough to be reported A Pha Tem, more than 300 prehistoric paintings that lie ahead on the rock walls, depicting animals, hands, rituals, scenes from everyday life and hunts …

Vat Sisatanak

This archaeological site near Vientiane has revealed few pipe bowls clay … It therefore already knew tobacco, it has 5000 years … A vat is a pagoda

Vat Phou

In the region of Champasak in southern Laos, the site of Vat Phou is the ancient capital, the 5th to the 7th century It housed the first known dynasty of the kingdom of Chen-la, ancestor of the Angkorian kingdom We found a temple of the 6th century and 7th century stupa dual It is more than probable that these religious buildings have been built on a site even earlier, and since then continually reused

The Tocharian in Laos

The Tocharian are well spent in Laos, as evidenced by the megalithic remains found there, and the legend of menhirs The artistic quality of the menhirs is remarkable Cut into the shale, a surprising finesse, they have survived, without breaking … And what is said in legend that is important, we learn that the stone carved standing stones with a laser blade … They had a detector freshwater … And later civilizations that will represent as a drum is actually a laser gun, equipped with electronic communication … This also explains why these instruments have been destroyed by fire … But it is likely that they were able to be defeated by the cunning of neighboring populations, is that it no longer generations of Tocharian origin, but their descendants, who still had their instruments ancestors, but their knowledge … The Mayans who accompanied them were fewer, or at least are less established in this country, because if there are many temples, pagodas or vat, they are much less numerous than in other countries of Indochina

The Tocharian aerian point in Laos

The Tocharian Laos have installed an air navigation beacon in the highlands of Xieng Khuang For this, they have jars dug in the nearby mountains, and have transported, probably by air assets, to the Plain of Jars There they have the top row of the plateau into a navigation beacon efficient but also recognizable by the particular arrangement of jars The jars were filled with powdered magnetite, that is to say, iron ore sand The area of Xieng Khuang is famous for its iron ore that has an iron content of the highest in the world, with over 70% pure iron ore There has to make careful analysis of residues jars and we will confirm Because of course, later generations have stolen it easy to extract ore to make tools and weapons … The large amount of magnetite prepared in an agreed format allowed the aircraft navigation instruments of Tocharian to identify this tag This tag was necessary to air transport which started from Sanchi to India to Easter Island to avoid Australia, land édeniste See Chapters 4 through 7 of Part 1 and Chapter 1 of this third hand



money is the human predator
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