Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 15: The Tocharian Malaysia

Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 15: The Tocharian Malaysia
Published July 26, 2009

Menhirs of Malacca …

DESTINATION EARTH Book Two: The peoples

Part 3: The Tocharian Chapter 15: The Tocharian Malaysia

The Tocharian of South

The Tocharian, arrived in Thailand, separated into 2 groups The first group continued its route to the Indochinese peninsula, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, as we have seen in previous chapters The 2nd group decided to head south So he headed to Malaysia …

Malaysia

The Federation of Malaysia with its capital Kuala Lumpur, has a population of just over 25 million inhabitants and an area of 329,760 km2 It is a federal constitutional monarchy whose king is present: His Majesty AL-WATHIQU BILLAH Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin IBNI MARHUM-AL, AL-Sultan Mahmud Shah Muktafi BILLAH, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong XIII It is more commonly known as: King Mizan Zainal Abidin He was crowned December 13, 2006 It is a federation of 13 states, including nine sultanates and three federal territories, Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy The king is elected for five years among the nine sultans of the country, the states of Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak not voting The power is exercised by the Prime Minister, responsible to the federal parliament elected in 1984, Prime Minister Mahathir passed by Parliament constitutional amendments limiting the benefit of government powers of the king and the sultans The population consists of approximately 50.4% Malays, 23.7% Chinese, 11% of Indians over the Orang Asli tribes and Iban there are 60.4% Muslim, 19.2% Buddhist, 9.1% Christian, Hindu 6.3% and 2.6% of traditional Chinese religions like Taoism The country consists of West Malaysia: Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia: the northern island of Borneo The main resources of the country are wood, rubber, gold, iron, bauxite, oil and gas offshore

The history of Malaysia

Virtually nothing is known of the ancient history of Malaysia due to lack of documentation and lack of archaeological studies Found in the valley of Bujang traces of an ancient Hindu-Buddhist kingdom, dating from about AD 300, and having several centuries old … Parameswara, a prince from Palembang in South Sumatra, refusing the suzerainty of Majapahit, settled on the island of Temasek, Singapore’s current He finally settled on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia in 1400 and founded Malacca A Chinese mission went to Malacca in 1403, because it is the choke point for maritime trade between India and China Malacca became the largest port in Southeast Asia is 1419: Introduction of Islam 1511: the Portuguese seized Malacca 1641: Dutch oust the Portuguese from Malacca Strait 1795: the British took Malacca from the Dutch 1891: creation of the Federation of Malaysia 1941-1945: Japanese occupation 1946: creation of the National Organization for Malay unity, UMNO, the ruling political party since independence August 31, 1957: Independence of Malaya 1963: states of the peninsula, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak formed Malaysia 1965: Singapore withdrew from the federation August 1967: founding of ASEAN, Association of the nations of Southeast Asia, comprising Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, and later joined by Brunei, Vietnam, Burma, Laos and Cambodia March 2, 1989: Azlan Shah Muhibuddin was elected Sultan of Perak state and became the ninth king of Malaysia September 22, 1994: Sultan of the Negri Sembilan-, Tuanku Jaafar Tuanku Abdul Rahman, became King of Malaysia December 13, 2001: The Sultan of Perlis was elected the twelfth King of Malaysia by the royal council

Penang

The state of Penang consists of Penang Island, the capital George Town, and a continental belt, encroaching on the Kedah district Seberang Perai, on the other side of Perai, Malay Penang, Malaysia Pulau Pinang, an island of 293 square kilometers on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, is also called the island of temples The tour of the island is about 40 km Bukit Bendera, Mount of the banner, or Penang Hill is served by a funicular This hill was the favorite resort of the British settlers The large colonial houses unaltered by time give an impression of fullness, heightened by the lack of road access The Bridge 13.5 km long, the Penang bridge links the island to the mainland But it is also the island to temples: the Kek Lok Si Temple, the temple snakes, turtles temple, the Chinese pagoda of Kek Lok Si, the pagoda Mangkalaram Thai Chaiya, with its reclining Buddha 33 meters long, the Burmese pagoda, and many more …

Bujang Valley

Bujang Valley, Lembah Bujang, near Merbok in the State of Kedah, is one of the richest archaeological sites in Malaysia Research has shown that it was the site of an ancient Hindu-Buddhist kingdom, at the very beginning of our era Objects found during excavations of the ruins were transported and stored in the Archaeological Museum of Merbok One can see in this particular museum, engraved stones, tools and metal ornaments, ceramics, pottery and icons Hindu More than fifty tombs, temple-like, called candi, dating from the Bujang Valley civilization, were discovered The largest and best preserved are located in Pengkalan Bayang Merbok

Kota Gelanggi

The remains of a city dating back over a thousand years has been discovered in the Malay jungle After twelve years of research in manuscripts, the Malaysian researcher Raimy Che-Ross began excavations in the State of Johor It could be the first Malaysian capital of the empire, Srivijaya, the seventh century, which bore the name of Kota Gelanggi or Perbenddaharaan Permata, treasure of jewels Kota Gelanggi was a commerce site and a center of sacred teaching The Srivijaya Empire reached its heyday between the seventh and 13th century in the Malay Archipelago
It controlled the maritime trade throughout the Malay Peninsula

Negeri Sembilan

North of Malacca, in the state of Negeri Sembilan, it is estimated that the region of megaliths covering over 100 km2, and the most distinctive landmark is Pengkalan Kempas

Pengkalan Kempas

The three menhirs Pengkalan Kempas, measuring about 2.20 meters in height They are engraved with petroglyphs representing a unicorn, a peacock, a fish, a lotus flower and a snake … They also include solar disks and graphics various unidentified These are the only standing stones in the region with petroglyphs

Malacca

In Malacca, on a knoll near the road, we see 20 menhirs erected Local people call them hidup batu, living stones, batu or bercahaya, the stones of fire … There are about 500 similar sites within a radius of 100 km!

Pulau Sebang

In the village of Pulau Sebang Village, north of the city of Malacca, is the granite quarry from which probably a lot of megaliths surrounding There are monumental stones, totally outsized even today, and who were visibly moved, there are over 5000 years …

Penampang

Penampang district of the state of Sabah in northern Borneo, means Kadazan, large rock If some of the menhirs that can find the invoice are Neolithic, most are recent Indeed, local people, appropriated the culture of the standing stones for their funerary cults When a large funeral, the family spends a fortune to build a standing stone at the tomb … Therefore, many of them are used several times … But this custom is disappearing … The ancient standing stones, are individual or alignments, and some are etched

St. Michael’s Church

St. Michael’s Church, a church of around Penampang, has in his enclosure of menhirs and jars very old, but undated archaeologically

The Tocharian Malaysia

There are over a hundred megalithic stone alignments in Malaysia, but this kind of heritage, no interest in the eyes of the authorities … For them, this kind of site is more of a hindrance to tourism and hospitality concreting … It is true that tourists rarely have cultural concerns … Because the central government is only recently, very independent states still have control over almost all sectors … This does not give the heritage preservation, or ecology, the place they should have … Yet archeology is work to do! Certainly if all the temples in a small island like Penang, is that there must be in these places of ancestral worship, or in the immediate vicinity, many traces of ancient civilizations covered … In ancient times it did not build a city anywhere … Also it is certain that in the valley of Bujang and the site of Kota Gelanggi, there must also be material to discover and certainly we speak of Tocharian … The standing stones engraved Pengkalan Kempas, were they burned by Tocharian who built, or after? It would be interesting to know … The menhirs of Penampang, who made a funeral tradition for local people, have been no count, scientific description or study … They are simply regarded as grave markers without interest, especially in front of urbanization or mining or oil research … It is hoped that this young centralized state takes charge of the cultural and ecological areas fairly quickly before they have more reason to be … Unfortunately this thinking is not only valid for Malaysia, but also for all countries in Southeast Asia …

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About DOUGLAS MOONSTONE

money is the human predator
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