Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 18: The Tocharian of Madagascar

Part 3: The Tocharian, Chapter 18: The Tocharian of Madagascar

Published July 29 2009

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The menhirs of Andriambola …

DESTINATION EARTH Book Two: The peoples

Part 3: The Tocharian  Chapter 18: The Tocharian of Madagascar

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Madagascar

The largest island, also called the red island, an area of 587,000 sq kmA mountain range cut in a north-southTo the west, alluvial plains range from the central highlands to the Mozambique Channel, and east, the cliffs leave a thin coastal plain, bordered by the Indian OceanNorth in the volcanic massif culminates in the massive Maromokotro Tsaratanana, with 2876 mIn the center there are the highlands, at an altitude of 800 to 1500 m The island is under the influence of trade winds and monsoonThere are two seasons: the rainy season, warm season, from November to April, and the dry season, cool season, from May to October

Economy of Madagascar

The country’s largest rice exporter of high-end coffee, cocoa, pepper, vanilla, tapioca, shrimp farming, precious stones, semiprecious stones, uranium, gold, bauxite, cobalt, oil, ilmenite, nickel and niobium metal which allowed the Apollo 11 flight …He imports rice for the population and wheat flour for animal feed

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History of Madagascar

The history of Madagascar in the first millennium AD, we are still very poorly known, apart from the certainty that the island played an important role in trade, including spices, but also slaves, between South Asia East and Middle EastMention is made of African slaves offered by the Javanese court of China in the early ninth century The first monarchs, and Andrianerinerina Rapeto, would have reigned around the twelfth century With the advent of Islam, the Arabs quickly supplant the Indonesian coast of Africa and extend their control over the Comoros Islands and the coast of MadagascarBut despite Arab supremacy in maritime trade, the Portuguese, who discovered the island in 1500, are still in Madagascar Javanese sailors, when they address In 1665, Louis XIV made Madagascar the forward base of the French East India CompanyThe result is the establishment of kingdoms warriors, related to European and hackersOther kingdoms are created in the interiorThey are definitely unified in the early nineteenth century by AndrianampoinimerinaHis son, Radama I, who reigned from 1810 to 1828, with the support of British, extends its authority over much of the islandFrom 1817, the Merina kingdom is the kingdom of Madagascar Treaty of Alliance Franco-Malagasy was signed December 17, 1885 by QueenRanavalona III Disagreements over the implementation of this treaty, are used as pretexts for the French invasion of 1895, which met little resistanceThe French will establish a protectorateBut popular resistance Menalamba cause of the arrival of General Gallieni responsible for pacifying the countryIn 1896 it was the annexation of the island and the exile of the queen in Algiers

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The peacekeeping mission of General Gallieni, resulting in the disappearance of approximately 100,000 people, a population of less than 3 million people …The new system sets up in the provinces of French administrators, instead of the administration MerinaSlavery is abolishedIndigenous submitted indigenous regime, lose all rights and any specific representationFrom 1901, the colonial power began development of the new colony for the benefit of settlers and metropolitanIn 1915, the resistance movement VVS, Vy Vato Sakelika, suffered violent repression During the First World War, the French authorities mobilized 40,000 fighters Malagasy whose fifth falls in battle …Among survivors, some were carrying the Spanish flu that they will then spread to Madagascar, causing tens of thousands of deaths, especially in the highlandsAs in France, where the media was totally speechless, people are unaware that after the victory, in 1918, the Spanish flu did in less than a year, more deaths than 4 years of the Great War! In 1942, Madagascar was invaded by British troopsFrom 1946, the struggle for independence was led by MDRM, Democratic Movement for Malagasy renovationThe 1947 insurrection was put down by a violent crackdown on the French colonial authorities, killing 8 000 to 12 000 people and serve as a pretext for the dissolution of MDRMA framework law, providing for the transfer of executive power to local authorities was set up in 1956In July 1958, Philibert Tsiranana accesses the head of government, and October 14, the Malagasy Republic is established by the colonial powerJune 26, 1960, is the proclamation of independence Since then, the Malagasy Republic is in a constant instability that comes to corruption, assassinations, bombings, demonstrations, riots, etc. …We hope and we hope that this country is rapidly a stable government to finally take advantage of its natural …

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Prehistory of Madagascar

It was long thought that the man had arrived in Madagascar as the first centuries of our era …Recent research highlights the oldest evidence of human presenceIn the south, there are butchery marks on bones of subfossil lemurs dated about 2400 BP … The first inhabitants, the Vazimba, from Indonesia, where there are still practiced language closely related to those spoken in MadagascarThis navigation Malay and Indonesian peoples, in the Indian Ocean started for at least the third millennium BCAccording to Chinese sources dating from the earliest centuries of our era, the largest of these ships could carry a thousand passengers and hundreds of tons of goodsThese first inhabitants of Madagascar Asian mastered metallurgy, including iron, rice and silk weaving …Besides rice, they have brought from Southeast Asia is the banana, coconut, yams, taro, sugar cane …It also appears that these browsers have owned Indonesian institutions on the African coastThis allowed the arrival of Bantu peoples, from the interior of Africa, on the island of Madagascar, there are 4 to 5000 years … The Vazimba and Bantus were the only inhabitants of the island before the Christian era

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The Vazimba

The legend says that Vazimba, tribe of the past would have been holding supernatural powers … There is still something, because in the Malagasy language, is used to refer Vazimba spirits, benevolent or not …It also translated by Vazimba: those who have always been there … The Vazimba were of Indonesian origin Arrivals in Madagascar, they intermarried with the Bantu, which allowed the queen Vazimba, Rangita, to create the Merina Rangita, Malagasy is a term which identifies the state of what is curly or kinky …Vazimbas princes, among Hovas Highlands, had the custom of placing the bodies of their dead in canoes made of silver and cast them in a lake …This echoes an old custom Austronesian …

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VavahadyVavahady to Rova Andriambola, in central Madagascar, is a megalithic site fabulous! Like a castle, the site is protected by a double ring of moats dug into the stone, 15 meters wide and 20 meters high!And all this on top of a mountain!Standing stones, remains of dolmens, walls, doors, type megalithic, of considerable weight, have been fitted with technology still difficult to implement today! On the hills, ancient villages are built on top to take advantage of natural defensive positionsThey are reinforced by hady, ditches 3 to 7 m, surrounding the villageThe vavahady, which in Malagasy means: the mouth of the ditch, are disks of stone that rolled in the evening to close the speakers villages All photos from the site of Rova Andriambola Patrick are the red mansion, which offers lodging in Andriambola, and I heartily recommend:A contact www.madatana.comThe Tocharian of MadagascarClear evidence of the passage of our Tocharian from Indonesia do not miss:megaliths and all the other indices, such as agriculture, metallurgy, etc. …Mixing with the Bantu, they created a new colony in Madagascar, there are about 4000 years, before melting in the history of the island …

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About DOUGLAS MOONSTONE

money is the human predator
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