Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 10: Sites of Ikshvaku

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 10: Sites of Ikshvaku

Published July 21, 2010

The citadels of Ikshvaku …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 10: Sites of Ikshvaku

Sites of Ikshvaku

Many sites are now known in the land of Ikshvaku, and we find new periodic Today there are hundreds of sites, often very large, but very few have been excavated yet It includes technology, metallurgy, developement, architecture and agriculture which had already been the Indo-European Valley Thar As in the valley of the Thar, the excavations revealed an apparently warlike civilization … But we now know that their arm was not conventional … And when they decline, invasion of the populations of the northern steppes began They would certainly want to win at earlier this fertile land, and if they have not done, it’s not for the respect they had for the Indo-European … Is that the weapons were of Indo-European suffisement deterrent … The main sites are known: Sarazm, Gonur-depe, Kelleli, Taip, Togolok, Adji-kui, Sapalli-depe, depe-Dashly, Xalcajan, Dal’verzin, Djarkutan, Termez, Geoksjur, Tedzhen, Kara depe, Gorgan, Tepe Hissar, Sumbar, Parkhai, Köktepe, Tureng depe, etc. … Unfortunately archaeologists often stop at the first discovery … Given the occupation of the region by Alexander the Great, they quickly find its traces in the sites It would be interesting precisely in these sites to search for traces of the oldest occupations and so will find traces of Indo-European …


Eastern Bactria, in the mountains of Badakhshan, there were plenty lapis lazuli, one of the most precious stones at this time Unfortunately there is no prospect of excavations in this region of Afghanistan, which ought to be the major sites, due to war …


Sarazm is a city of more than 100 hectares, located in Tajikistan It was discovered in 1976 Most buildings were of hewn stone and we found a great palace of over 250 meters long Seals have been found identical to those of Sumer and the valley of the Thar It is characterized as the Indo-European cities, by the same architecture, the gigantic work of water pipeline, a joint developed agriculture very, mastery of basic metals and jewelry production It was an important mining center for gold, silver, copper and turquoise We found many objects of copper, bronze, lead, silver and gold, as well as weapons and jewelry dating from the fourth to second millennia BC Sarazm exporting gold and silver to the Sumerian and Indo-European Valley Thar Sarazm was also a major center for metallurgy Found there the remains of molds, forges, pestles, stoves, crucibles and hammers for crushing ore for But metal objects such as axes, daggers, knives, razors, spears, pins, knitting needles, hooks, etc. … It was also a major center for jewelry production Have been found beads and necklaces made of agate, onyx, obsidian, lapis lazuli, turquoise, carnelian, etc. … Found objects we confirm the high status of women, to populations and Atlantean édenistes at this time A woman was found buried with clothing decorated with silver, turquoise, carnelian, lapis lazuli, pearls and jasper His hair was decorated with gold beads, and her arms with bracelets of shells


This is a typical Indo-European city, with its citadel It is built of brick 4/2/1 ratio as in the Thar valley … It found objects were engraved on a lequels svastiska There was dévellopée metallurgy and jewelry making It is also found seals and bronze objects The carbon-14 dating confirmed an occupation mainly from the 17th to the 15th century BC

Adji Kui

Adji Kui, in the Karakum Desert, Turkmenistan, is a city of over 10 hectares surrounded by a fortification wall of 2 meters thick We found there statuettes of mother goddess In a woman’s grave we made a surprising discovery: a series of amulets telling the story of Etana, the first king of the Sumerian mythology … See Book One: The Gods, Part 5: The Atlanteans, Chapters 16 and 17 … It is therefore an important figure of Sumer, traveling or married to an Indo-European

Adji Kui Maybe even the ambassador of Sumer in Ikshvaku …


In the Karakum Desert, it was found in 1992, a vast necropolis Gonur-depe The updated objects date from 3000 BC There are many mirrors, makeup kits, silver objects and alabaster, ceramic vases, etc. … The grave number 18/1994 with its three rooms contained the skeletons of two camels, 20 clay jars, goat bones, the remains of a lamb But also a scepter decorated with a shale bronze head, a miniature column, decorated ivory plates, 4 silver pins with heads each one with a different pattern: a fist, an outstretched hand, a rosette and a squatting woman


City of Bactrian Bronze Age, was occupied from -3000 to -1200 BC An area of approximately 500 hectares, is characterized on the south by a rectangular fortress about 400 mx 200 m surrounded by walls and surrounded by a moat


The occupation of Djarkutan dates back to second millennium BC About a hundred hectares, the city has a citadel, palaces, living quarters and a large necropolis The houses were separated by narrow alleys covered with gravel The south and west of the town were separated by a channel The cemetery contained more than 1000 tombs dating from the Bronze Age Excavations have delivered the very fine ceramics

Ulug Depe

Ulug Depe, Turkmenistan, is a major site that challenges the official theories of the great invasions and migrations of Indo-Iranian and Indo-Aryan In the early seventies you could buy in the bazaars of Kabul, antiques of the Bronze Age from looted graves in northern Afghanistan Found at Ulug Depe, the remains of a workshop production of figurines, sling balls and other objects in terracotta It was determined that the objects produced in this workshop were used far from this region, confirming a central organistion … The excavations have Ulug Depe Port H to discover modern homes equipped with kitchens and fireplaces with ceramic floors painted … In one house we found a grave with the remains of seven young children, a large alabaster vase broken and a small ceramic vase intact and a large open vessel with a spout Ulug Depe has a square citadel of 40 m square, with a wall of mud brick, and with a floor which could be accessed directly with a staircase At the first level, baskets, now extinct, contained many seals, stamps and impressions unbaked clay and alabaster This discovery confirmed the centralized management of food from the citadel One of the seal impressions which represents a head of thick-billed bird of prey rounded, visibly invoice Scythian treasures like Kelermes This confirms contacts with the northern steppes of the Black Sea … And the flows of migration: the Ikshvaku west …


This is an important urban center established on an area of 13 hectares The upper town comprtend the citadel, a large warehouse Community and palaces The lower city includes homes, shops and craft workshops …

Tepe Hissar

Tepe Hissar in northern Iran, was occupied early in the fourth millennium BC The site is at its peak in the late third millennium and the early second Excavations have updated in many potteries, ceramics and testified control of metallurgy

Tureng depe

Quoted from the mid 4th millennium BC, the peak date of the second millennium It has a citadel of over 80 meters wide with a wall of mud brick of approximately 13.50 meters high and with 2 floors In the graves beneath the houses, it was discovered many ceramics


Köktepe, in the plain of Zerafshan, 30 km north of Samarkand is a city of the fourth millennium BC The Indo-Europeans have dug to the Bronze Age, a canal fed by the Bulungur, which allowed the construction of an irrigation It is characterized by a citadel, the use of bricks and ceramics The site is best known for his famous treasure of the tomb of the princely nomadic 1st century AD


Shortughaï is clearly recognized as a colony of the Indus in Bactria The site occupies an area of more than two acres and was occupied by the second half of the third millennium and the beginning of the second It was built of mud brick typical Harappan There were found many ceramics with patterns Harappan and Harappan steatite seals, bracelets shell of the Indian Ocean, jewelry carnelian and agate They practiced agriculture with artificial irrigation, hunting and farming They worked and traded lapis lazuli


This is a site where there were several citadels The dating shows that they were built from the 3rd to 1st millennium BC Togolok 21 is 140m X 100m The citadel was built atop a It found a hundred vases


The agricultural wealth of the plain of Zerafshan on the set of Afrasiab was obtained by digging a channel through the Indo-Europeans in the late Neolithic The river feeds the Dargom irrigation system through this channel This agricultural prosperity has allowed the city of Samarkand state to establish itself as strategic and essential stop on the Silk Road


Afrosiyob Uzbek language, near Samarkand, named after its legendary founder, Afrasiab This is the king of Turans, nomads from the north, mentioned in the poems of Persian Firdusi, but also in the Avesta, the founding text of Zoroastrianism Turan, the land of Tur, is the former name of Iran He is also quoted in the Shahnamah, the book of Kings, as the king-hero who fights against Kai Khosrow, a legendary Shah of Iran Prince Sijavus, because of the betrayal of his stepmother Sudabeh, was forced into exile in Turan There Farangis wife, the daughter of Afrasiab, but by order of the king of Iran, he will be murdered His death will be avenged by his son, who will inherit the throne and Persian The city of Afrasiab Samarekand is the counterpart of the Silk Road It has many archaeological sites, but many are not yet excavated There were found the oldest parts of the world’s known failure It is dated to about 712, a coin of that date having been found together This is normal, if I have a Roman antiquity and is found in some time with a € 10 note, it is dated 2010 …


Balkh, the capital of Bactria, is now Balkh in northern Afghanistan and is quoted in the Avesta as the Bakhdi Located about 74 km south of the Amu Darya is an important step on the Silk Road The city was the seat of the Zoroastrian religion According to the Persian poet Firdusi, Zoroaster would have died The Indo-européns settled heavily in this rich and fertile region from – 2000 The United Bahlikâ, the Bactrianre, was described in the epic Mahābhārata Tradition is the sanctuary of Anahita in Balkh Anahita, or Sura Anahita Aredvi, god of water, fertility, healing and wisdom, is the Indian goddess Sarasvati River The temple was so rich that it was looted and that nothing remains



money is the human predator
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