Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 23: The Akkadian

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 23: The Akkadian

Published July 17, 2011

The great Sargon of Akkad to the tree of life …

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 23: The Akkadian

Sumer

I told you the story of Sumer in the book first , Part 5, Chapters 16 and 17 The Sumerians were the Atlanteans who have dominated the region with their powerful city-states Uruk, Ur, Eridu, Nippur, Kish and Lagash were the most important Kish, led by their king Ur-Zababa, had control the region for the Sumerians to 2235 BC, before losing to advantage of the Akkadian

The legend of Sargon of Akkad

A text of the eighth century BC, written during the reign Sargon II, tells the legend of Sargon My mother was high priestess My father, I do know him The brothers of my father are camping in the mountains My hometown is Azupiranu on the banks of the Euphrates My mother, the high priestess, conceived me and bore me in secret She set me down in a basket of reeds, which she sealed with the opening of the bitumen She threw me on the river and I can not escape The river carried me He took me up in Aqqi, the drawer of water Aqqi the drawer of water drew me out by dipping his bucket Aqqi the drawer of water adopted me as his son and raised me Aqqi the drawer of water taught me his trade as a gardener While I was gardener the goddess took Ištarse love for me and so I exercised kingship for fifty-five years In the Sumerian tradition, the eldest son inherited the throne The other son received the government of a province of kingdom The daughters were high priestesses of the temple religious They had no right to have children, to avoid the wars of succession We can see in the legend, a high priestess royal blood, that of the temple of Ishtar, has been circumvented with a head Hurrian: the mountain near the Euphrates Of course, the high priestess followed and supervised education and career of his son He was able to reach the enviable position of cupbearer to the king Ur-Zababa To – or 2320 – 2270 BC, Sargon instigated a coup state prepared by political and religious intrigues and became the ensi instead of Ur-Zababa

Moses and the Bible

The text of this legend predates the compilation of the Bible , Begun by King Josiah in the late seventh century This compilation will last until the year 358: 1000 years of negotiations to achieve write a Bible that is acceptable to all factions … It is noted that the Bible is appropriate legend Sargon to tell about the birth of Moses – 1400 BC The Hebrew priests were exiled to Babylon in the seventh century BC. AD …

Sargon of Akkad

Sargon of Akkad, founder of the sovereign kingdom of Akkad, also called the kingdom of Akkad, ruled from -2334 to -2279 BC Some historians place his reign of -2285 to -2229, 50 years later He conquered Uruk and tore down the walls He captured the king of Uruk and took Lugal zagesi in a straitjacket to be exposed pinioned at the door of the e-kur, the temple of Enlil at Nippur Sargon then seized Ur, Lagash and Umma A Eninkimar, port Lagas, he washed his weapons in the sea to show his power over all the land of Sumer Sargon conquered Mari and Ebla then west, then Awan and Warahše in the Zagros and Susa in Elam He married Tašlutum, an Akkadian He also had many concubines One of them, a Sumerian, gave him a daughter Enheduanna She became a high priestess of Nanna, Inanna and Ur Ningal Sargon put it in this position to control populations Sumerian south 42 hymns are attributed They ruled over the worship of the temples during the Akkadian kingdom nearly five centuries

The kingdom of Akkad

Some historians have called the empire, but all known texts speak only of kings Historians have used this term to define empire history of the dynasty of Akkad centralized power to a successor era of feudal rule of state cities Yet this is indeed a royal dynasty in succession domestic The kingdom of Akkad dominated Mesopotamia for more than two centuries On the death of Sargon, his son succeeded him Rimush Then turn it is the brother of Rimush that will leave its place his son Naram-Sin Naram-Sin by his lack of fervor, has lost the support of gods, Enlil and does not entitle him to rebuild his temple at Nippur Naram-Sin is also destroying the temple and thus attract the curse of the gods, who condemn his kingdom The curse of Akkad, written in Sumerian, under the kings of the next dynasty, that of Ur III, was orchestrated by the power religious disagreed with the king almighty …

Economy of Akkadian

Urukagina, king of Lagash, defeated by the king of Uruk, Lugal zagesi, had decreed, when he was still in full glory, that areas of King, Queen and Crown Prince defeated, passed under the ownership of the symbolic realm of the gods Members of the royal family were the representatives on earth They could therefore legitimately dispose Sargon of Akkad after defeating Lugal zagesi, applied this law to the whole of his kingdom … Urukagina is also known for digging a canal to Lagash The three main cities of his kingdom are connected by an extensive network of irrigation, who was one of the richest agricultural regions of Sumer Some documents will be exiled to Urukagina Akkad after the invasion of Lugal zagesi Documents found in Susa relate the activity Akkadian merchants who act on behalf of the state or privately, to import raw materials International trade is very active with Elam (Iran ), Meluhha (Thar valley) and Magan (Oman) Akkad is the center of international trade at the time There are gems of East Africa, money of Mount Taurus, lapis lazuli of the Pamirs, cedar of Lebanon , … Etc.

Traders are the wealthy citizens related to power Central … The archives tell us about local activities, the agricultural trade, purchase and sale of fields, slaves, and also loans At Umma, Ur a-Shara takes care of the cattle belonging the palace His wife Ama-e, leases the land from the palace and performs ready These notables regarded the lands granted as family property The archive found tell us in detail the royal administration that controls carefully the commercial, agricultural , Craft and legal The main areas belong to the king, family Royal and temples The temple was Ningirsu has more than 4400 hectares of land, and employed 1,200 workers … They were paid in rations based on grain They depended entirely on the ruling class was based on an efficient bureaucracy Entries show the abuse of Urukagina members administration of the temples and palaces against workers

Religion of the Akkadian

Religion is of type Sumerian Akkadian It is a true divine family linked to the royal family There are also links with the Indo-European gods imported by the Aryan people of the valley of the Thar Inanna in Sumerian, Akkadian Ishtar is the goddess patron of Akkad She is the daughter of the sky god An in Sumerian or Akkadian Anu Its symbol is Venus and she is the goddess of love and war Inanna, the sister of Shamash, the sun god, is the wife Dumuzi the shepherd who would become the king of the city Inanna, Queen of the great kingdom from above, down to hell to overthrow her sister Ereshkigal, ruler of the underworld She enters the palace of Ereshkigal, through the seven gates and sometimes naked, no power, before his sister and seven judges Hell, the Anunnaki, who kill The gods are informed, but condemn him for his act Enki shapes and sends two messengers to hell, which revive Inanna with the drink of life and the food of life Obeying the law that anyone who enters into hell can not return to Earth, the Anunnaki do not want to let her go Inanna must provide a replacement She returns to earth accompanied by the demons and finds Dumuzi sitting comfortably on the throne of the city By anger, he is bearing it to replace In the Akkadian version, Ishtar and Tammuz are the names Inanna and Dumuzi We also find the location of hell in space, or we must die (cryonics) to travel, and have the apple immortality to extend life up to 3000 years to resist these long travel … Those in hell are not dead, but exiled and forbidden to return to earth …

The Akkadian language

The Akkadian language comes from the Sumerian The Sumerian language is derived from Proto-Indo-European What is normal, the Sumerians being a branch Atlantean , Like the Aryan or Indo-European The evolution comes from the territorial annexations of the new king, Sargon, who conquered all Hurrian territory that have been added to the territories Sumerian The Hurrian is an Indo-European With half of the Hurrian-speaking population and the other Sumerian half, it is normal everyday language, Akkadian, evolves to a mix, especially since the two languages from the same roots The Akkadian language is a language well Indo-European Akkadian cuneiform writing is like the Sumerian The Akkadian writing was used until the first century J.C. It evolved to transcribe several other languages Mesopotamia, as the Assyrian and Babylonian The most famous Akkadian text is the code of Hammurabi, king of Babylon about 2250 before J.C.   We found the kingdom of Akkad over 5,000 cuneiform tablets from geographically dispersed sites In lower Mesopotamia, Girsu, Umma, Nippur, Adab, have fought many tablets Valley of Diyala, and Eshnunna Khafadje, Suse Elam, Gasur in upper Mesopotamia, and Tell Brak in Syria, also provided their large batches of cuneiform tablets This is mainly administrative tablets, written in Sumerian or Akkadian They record the management of agricultural estates belonging in palaces, temples and rich characters It shows the resource control, the movements of goods, storage inventories, land grants, the balance sheets Annual farms or workshops, bills of sale, loans , … Etc.

The cone of clay of Ur-Bau

On the cone of clay of Ur-Bau, governor of Lagash – 2155 to – 2142 BC, we read the following in Akkadian cuneiform: When the sky above was not yet named, the earth below not yet named, there was Apsu, the first of the gods and descendants and servants Tiamat the Malaxa and mixed it all their water, without forming or lumps of dough None of the gods was to be drawn, nor their names spoken or written for their new The gods have been born and of the liquid This philosophy is reflected in the religious texts all ancient religions, or Atlantean édenistes …

Akkadian art

At the period of Akkad, king of new accesses to the rank divine, as in all theologies Atlantean, and we proclaim in all the kingdom of statues representing the king-size Art is devoted to the king, clearly the purpose of propaganda The king is shown as a victorious warrior, submitting his enemies The texts accompanying these representations are praised the divine king The monument excavated at Sippar Phillips says: I Manishtusu the son of Sargon, the powerful King Kish, etc … He tells the “liberation” by the King of thirty-eight cited The pyramid Manishtusu in Shushan is a block of diorite 1.40 m high, with inscriptions on all four sides The texts mention the purchase of land for many constitute a large area and describes the commodities that are produced for royal god The victory stele of Naram-Sin shows the king who wears a horned tiara, divine attribute, After his successful campaign against the Lullubis, mountain Hurrian Zagros The royal head, generally attributed to Sargon first , Copper alloy, found at Nineveh, is representative of the royal style This is the time to develop cylinder seals, representative character of the realm One of the most remarkable shows two naked figures, appointed Lahmu, now drink two buffaloes The cartridge is called and the function of the holder Seal: Ibni-sharrum, scribe Shar-Kali-Sharri, king of Akkad, son of Naram-Sin

The Akkadian

The Sumerians are in place in the region with their cities states since – before 4000 J.C. The Hurrian are an ethnic group Aryan or Indo-European, native of the valley of the Thar The Akkadians were a people of Atlantis, from the mixture of populations Sumerian and Hurrian They also mixed their languages to create language Akkadian, Indo-European language They have maintained and developed their writing system, the cuneiform

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About DOUGLAS MOONSTONE

money is the human predator
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