Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 7: Indo-European sites

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 7: Indo-European sites
Published May 11, 2010

The 3D reconstruction of the city of Dholavira … Etonant for a city that has seen the heyday 6000 years ago …

DESTINATION EARTH

Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 7: Indo-European sites


Indo-European sites

More than 1052 sites have been discovered in the valley of Thar Only about 30% of them have been excavated, more or less extensive In fact, there are the two major sites of Harappa and Mohenjodaro which were really searched … It is also true that many sites are located in Pakistan and Afganisthan … Wars do not facilitate archeology …

Harappa

The site of Harappa was discovered in 1857, was used to recover materials and especially of bricks during the construction of the railway Lahore-Multan by the English It destroyed a significant portion of the site … In 1921, excavations at Harappa finally began, city of gods, described in the Vedas It is a city which counted more than 50 000 inhabitants at its peak Harappa was a port on the river Ravi, connected by water to other Indo-European cities Amphorae made at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, have been found even in the island of Bahrain This was proved by studying the composition of these amphorae were manufactured with sand from these cities The lower town was made up of neighborhoods organized into neighborhood professionals with perpendicular streets The buildings were of brick raw or cooked, linked by a mortar of clay or plaster Areas for sorting of goods, warehouses for goods and materials, pottery kilns and blacksmiths have been found To the west, on an artificial terrace bordered with walls 14 m wide at the base, is the upper town: the Citadel At Harappa, Mohenjodaro and Rakhigarhi, the most populous cities, we had the world’s first system of wastewater treatment The water was probably derived from wells The houses included a room for ablution, a bath room … Sewage was discharged through sewers covered

Mohenjodaro

In 1922, 640 km south of Harappa, an Indian archaeologist who sought the remains of an ancient Buddhist temple, discovered the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro, the hill of the dead The city is divided into two areas: The lower city, with streets running north-south and east-west, is composed of houses and shops The houses have an area of 50 to 120 m2 They are single stage, which is accessed via an internal staircase Most have a private well The houses are equipped with bathrooms Wastewater is discharged through a pipe system The citadel was built on a platform of earth raised and walled important for the flood protection The streets were paved with impressive administrative centers There were rows of small houses with private toilets and sometimes even with a shower tray In the citadel, it was discovered the deep end, a rectangular pool 12 m long and 7 wide and 2.40 m deep, surrounded by galleries The perfect sealing of the basin was ensured by a double brick wall The bricks were assembled with mortar of gypsum One liner of asphalt was poured between two brick walls Two symmetrical staircases gave access to the pool Different neighborhoods of Mohenjo-Daro were rebuilt several times, but always following the same plan Each time, the canal system and sewer has been rebuilt, as all houses had access to water and wastewater treatment The buildings were built of bricks, cooked or raw Indo-European cities generally extended over an area of 100 to over 200 hectares Mohenjodaro extends over 300 hectares … The people of Mohenjodaro seems to have been composed of merchants and artisans, living in areas determined by activity Materials from distant regions, were used in the manufacture of seals, beads, jewelry, tools and other objects At Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, there are two strange buildings with a basement divided into blocks It has not yet discovered their function Perhaps a base for helicopter or vertical takeoff aircraft …

The bitumen of Mohenjodaro

Just for thought: there is no asphalt, easily exploitable, in the valley of the Thar, in those days … So we must go after him, probably in the middle east … First you look on the internet, the best value to seal the pool Then after receiving the news that the desired material was bitumen, there is more than send an email to the provider best suited to the Middle East, or its correspondent there, so that we sends ten tons We must assume that the client pool must not be the only one to want, because there were bathrooms in every house The supplier sends us in a cargo ship that happens, possibly by transfer to the wharf at Mohenjodaro But for customers located in 50, 100 or even 200 miles away, we can send several tons per truck dragged by oxen on roads summary …

The pool of Mohenjodaro

To feed this pool with over 200 m3 of fresh water, and filtered clear, more than 10 meters above river level, a well is not enough … To draw such a quantity of water with a bucket should be a lot of people … We must also ensure the permanent circulation and filtration water system … Of course, the owner of the pool regularly monitors the pH of the pool and make the necessary corrections to keep the water clear and pleasant … It is well known, all stores Mohenjodaro sell sophisticated products pool: regulators of PH + or – Anti algae, anti scale, anti flocculant, chlorine, chlorine stabilizer, pH testers, testers chlorine, etc … Construction and maintenance of a pool of 201.6 m 3 in urban areas is already a technical feat today So there 6000 years … We see that very often archaeologists do not take into consideration the logistics necessary to carry out simple things …

Chanhu Daro

Chanhu Daro is located 130 kilometers south of Mohenjodaro The site was inhabited between -4000 and -1700 BC The buildings are high and multi-storey It was a manufacturing center carnelian beads Looking more closely at the pearl necklaces, it was found that the thread that linked these beads were made of silk … The silk came from moths, Antheraea of indigenous wild Silk was already used in the valley of the Thar by Indo-Europeans, 2,000 years before the Chinese Chinese silk from the silkworm Bombyx mori domesticated The Chinese so far have always been considered to be the first to make …

Miri Qalat

Miri Qalat, is a site of Kech-Makran, south of Balochistan in Pakistan It was excavated by French archaeologist Roland Besenval and his team, who were able to determine that they were cultivated barley, three thousand years BC

Banawali

Banawali in Haryana province, is about 120 km north of Kalibangan At the pre-Harappan or Kalibangan bricks were used 3:2:1 ratio But from the Harappan period, the ratio becomes 4:2:1 with Indo-European Streets were laid in the direction of the cardinal points The city is divided into two parts: the citadel of the city separated by a wall seven feet thick The houses are mud-brick They have several rooms, a kitchen, toilet, bathroom, etc. … The kitchens are equipped with stoves or fireplaces, stone and ceramic forms of fashionable and rather fanciful It also found many kitchen utensils, pottery, fruit cups, mugs, cup-shaped glasses, cups, bowls, vases etc … for decoration, the grounds are peacocks, fig, banana leaves, trees, deer, stars, fish, flowers, circles, etc. … It also found many seals representing particular: a rhinoceros, an ibex, chamois, a unicorn, an animal with a tiger’s body and a horn, etc. … But also the weight cube-shaped, stone, bone or ivory, and a high degree of accuracy Gold coins, copper and bronze were also found Sets of beads of gold, copper, agate, carnelian in, faience, lapis lazuli, shell, bone, clay, have been updated Among the jewels found, there are copper bracelets, earthenware, clay, shells, fig wood, earrings earthenware shaped leaves and many more jewelery in gold, semiprecious stones stones and soapstone Also many bracelets, earrings, necklaces, garlands, etc. … Copper and bronze have also been used to make arrowheads, spearheads, blades, scissors, hooks, beads, rings, bracelets, son, hairpins, etc. … Of terracotta figurines of mother goddess are also among the ruins, but are also found representing bulls, buffaloes, deer, dogs, rhinos and birds We also found a house jeweler Of course there were gold jewelry, lapis lazuli, carnelian, etc. … But it is also found tools and very little weight And among the tools, is a touchstone wearing stripes … This authentication system of gold is still in use today … Except that it was thought that this method is dated 2nd century BC. AD!

Touchstone or touchau

Touchau or a touchstone is a small stone tablet in slate, black jasper or basanite Its surface finely granular allows for soft metals leave a visible trace in friction Footprint obtained is poured acid solution that attacks everything that is not gold The touchstone for determining easily and without destroying the test object, the title of gold, silver or platinum alloy or jewelry

Kalibangan

Kalibangan, resulting in: black bracelets, is an Indian town on the banks of the Ghaggar, Saraswati of the Vedas Like all Indo-European cities, the streets are laid in the direction of the cardinal points and is divided into two parts: the citadel of the city separated by a low wall Despite the many brick bonds by local people, it was determined the same arrangement of water, sanitation and kitchens The kitchens include homes with animal remains What made archaeologists think they were altars of sacrificial rituals … And they were dining out when they had the comfort inside? It’s weird, this obstinate determination to impose religious reasons where there are clearly not … The particularity of this site is to have the oldest known plowed field, dating back more than 4800 years …

Dholavira

Dholavira is located on the Khadir island bet in the desert of Kutch, Gujarat The desert of Kutch is a seasonally marshy desert in October-November The site of Dholavira, discovered in 1967, is an island during the monsoon

Another reconstruction shows that the basin system of locks and … The city includes the Citadel, the city average and the lower town The city is rectangular and has some hundred hectares There are numerous remains discovered gold, silver, pottery and bones But also jewelry, beads, pottery and seals There are two channels rainwater recovery, Mansar in the north and Manhar in the south The water was collected in 16 major reservoirs Some were carved into the rock, but most were built of stone and two large reservoirs including the edge of the city which measure about 79 meters long, 12 meters wide and 7 meters deep They include steps descending into the basin A large billboard overlooking the city on a rock gypsum was fixed a wooden panel of three meters long comprising ten large letters 37 cm high Once we have decoded the Indo-European writing, we’ll know what message greeted visitors arriving at Dholavira …

Surkotda

At Surkotda, Gujarat, was unearthed a city, composed of a citadel, great protective walls and a residential area The brick houses are equipped with bathrooms and sewage systems for the disposal of wastewater It is found painted pottery with writing denominated Indo-European We found a linga, sort of standing stone, terracotta But also many remains: copper objects, jewelry, tools, a typical Harappan seal, and a piece of charred rope But the most important discovery, is a horse bone This proves without question that the Indo-Europeans knew the horse there over 6000 years, and it definitely discredits the theory of Aryan invasion

Lothal

Lothal, Mount of the dead, in Gujarat, was discovered in 1954 The city included the upper part, the citadel, protected from flooding by a mud brick wall of 13 meters thick, and the lower The city was equipped with a network of sewage disposal, paved roads, wells and a bathroom in every house Some houses had two or three floors were built on a platform to protect them from the rising waters Lothal were several large pools, but the greatest of them is a pool of 214 meters long by 36 wide and 13 feet deep It was built with more than one million bricks … Built on site? Or imported? Where? With what transport? Reminder: brick = 1 million 1 million tons = 1000 kg This is for a single building of this great city, which houses dozens of buildings of this magnitude … A channel linking the Sabarmati river basin and to allow a lock to keep the depth of the port Near the wharf constructed along this basin, the warehouses were built on a base of 4 meters Remains found at Lothal demonstrate substantial trade relations with the Middle East, Egypt and Sumer Copper was imported from the Arabian Peninsula, 99.81% pure ingot This high can be explained with a very advanced technology See in this book, the first part: The people édenistes, Chapter 19: The copper route The system of weights and measures are Indo-European was used They used the decimal system for measuring lengths The bricks were of a standard report 100 × 50 × 25 (1: 2: 4) A mill stone beads, containing twelve rooms arranged around a central courtyard, was discovered Archaeologists have found two jars, one of which contained pearls unfinished hard stone, ivory and shell, and the other contained 600 carnelian beads are ready for sale Two other pots containing beads and a drill for drilling the stones were found Throughout the site, we found more than fifty thousand beads various sizes shapes: cylindrical, biconical, barrel-shaped, spherical, etc. … Necklaces were made with micro-gold beads of 0.25 mm diameter

Dvaraka

We must also speak of Dvaraka, the golden city of Krishna, quoted in the Mahabharata, which sank in the sea We have found traces in the Gulf of Cambay One of the relics is a reassembled triskell … This is proof that kelts were allied to the Indo-European Tocharian and for the combatre édenistes of China But for now, according to scientists, there is no solid evidence that the remains found on archaeological sites underwater are indeed those of Dvaraka What is troubling in this case is that the remains are brought to the surface of many types and same dates as those found on land sites in the valley of Thar … And also, that the location of this site underwater, where is should be Dvaraka … And walls submarines out there, if it is not the city of Dvaraka, what is it? To be continued …

Culture Namazga

The major cities of eastern Turkmenistan: Anau, Altyn-Depe, Ilginly-Depe and Namazga-Depe, are also part of Indo-European world What is more commonly known sites Namazga culture, are in reality the steps of this immense empire Trade and communication between these cities and those in the valley have proved the Thar Another major evidence is that they have shared the fate of prosperity and disappearance, the same dates as the Indo-European city-states

Other sites Indo-European

Many other sites Indo-Europeans were more or less summarily searched, including: Pirak, Bagarsar, Balakot, Kotdljl, Mittathal, Meham, Mehrgarh, Nausharo, Rakhigarhi, Ganweriwala, Gola Zuhr, Sutkagen-dor, etc. … All these sites have the same architectural features, the same culture, the same handwriting as well as mastery of technology Indo-European The total number of official sites, excavated and unexcavated, was 1052 in 2008 … Some archaeologists Indians speak today of more than 2000 … Anyway, everything remains to be discovered, beyond the fact that the Indo-Europeans were 6000 years ago, a strong ethnic, modern and industrialized

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About DOUGLAS MOONSTONE

money is the human predator
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