Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 27: The Marhashi

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 27: The Marhashi

Published April 23, 2012

The zigurrat of Ur …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 27: The Marhashi

The Marhashi

The Marhashi is an ancient kingdom of Iran and Pakistan, between Elam and the Indus Valley, the southern Zagros Mountains to the west of the Indus, with part of southern Afghanistan It has been inhabited since the 6th millennium by the Sumerians: The Marhashi is a Sumerian colony The Indo-European Aryans, they were joined from the valley near the Thar, from the fourth millennium All this is evidenced by its business activity, its architecture, but also by the Sumerian, Elamite, and those found in Marhashi The Marhashi exports semiprecious stones: soapstone, chlorite, agate, carnelian and lapis lazuli, but also animals: sheep, bears, dogs, monkeys, elephants and zebu This mineral wealth and agricultural confirms what we said in the Sumerian legends

History of Marhashi

His story is almost unknown, and for good reason, the kingdom has suffered the brunt of the wars of Yi, and was totally destroyed around – 2000 BC As little as we connaissont comes from outside, because the tablets found at Marhashi have not yet been fully translated The language of Marhaschi seems close to the Elamite or rather proto-Elamite It has still been possible to decipher the information on these shelves They cite our commercial connections with the valley of Marhashi Thar, Elam and the kingdoms of Arabia, including Dilmun For the period from 4000 to 2600 BC, it was the Sumerian legends that tell the story of Marhashi, but that’s another story … To be continued … For the period from 2600 to 1700 BC, it was the Sumerian tablets of which Lugalannemundu tell the story of Marhashi

The Sumerian tablets

Lugalannemundu shelves, king of the Sumerian city of Adab, around 2600 BC,we recount his battles against the king of Enlil-Marhashi Migir The first kings of the Akkadian empire fighting a coalition of Elamite kings of Awan and their traditional allies, the kings of Marhashi Sargon of Akkad was the first to defeat them in the late 24th century BC The king of Akkad Rimush, to 2270 BC, defeated the king of Marhashi Abalgamash, allied to the king of Awan, Khita or Luhî-Ishshan The king of Akkad, Naram-Sin, ca 2240 BC, defeated the king of Awan Khita or Hishep Ratep-ally the King of Marhashi Hubshumkipi In the late 22nd century BC, the kings of Ur face a coalition of Marhashi and Elamite kingdoms of Simashki, the Anshan and Zabshali The king of Ur Shulgi, to – 2070, tries to stop the progression of Simashki Elamite dynasty by marrying one of her daughters, Nialimmidashu, the king of Marhashi Libanukshabash and another to the king of Anshan His successor Amar-Sin, around 2040 BC, must again fight the new king of Arwilukpi Marhashi After the fall of the Empire of Ur around 2004 BC, the kingdom of Elam and Marhashi dominate the Iranian plateau Towards 1800/1700 BC, these kingdoms collapsed along with their larger neighbor, the Valley Civilization Thar, erroneously called, Indus civilization

Sites of Marhashi

The main sites of the Bronze Age of Marhashi, currently known, are those of: Shahdad, Shahr-e Sukhteh, Tepe Bampur, Espiedej, Shahi Tump, Tal-e Iblis, and Tepe Yahya Konar Sandal Konar Sandal is thought to be the site of the capital’s legendary Marhashi: Aratta


Shahdad in Kerman province, is located in the oasis of Dasht-i Lut, on the edge of the Lut desert, north of the city of Aratta, and has been occupied since – 6000 BC It is found the oldest metal banner of the world dated back nearly 4000 years This is a banner of 22 cm by 25 cm, on a staff of 1m09, representing two palm trees, a cow, a lion and a goddess called upon by three women The excavations of Professor Ali Hakemi Archaeological Institute of Iran have shown the existence of a highly advanced and refined civilization They mastered the technology of metallurgy, writing, and had proceeded with the funeral rites in the third millennium BC There are many uncovered ceramics, stone vessels and chlorite and metallic, bronze and copper including

Shahr-e Sukhteh

Shahr-e Sūkhté, or Shahr-e Sukhteh, or Shahr-i Shōkhta, in Persian means: She burned the city is located in the province of Sistan-Balutchistan It is the archaeological site of a city of culture of Jiroft Covering 151 hectares, Shahr-i Sokhta was a very large city In the western part of the site there is a huge cemetery, dating from around – 3200 BC and contains 25,000 to 40,000 graves The city had four periods of peak and was burned three times before being abandoned – 2100 BC In December 2006, archaeologists have discovered the first artificial eye of the world! The woman who wore the artificial eye was 1.82 m, much larger than the women of her time, but as great as the noble women of the sites Ikshvaku … Its skeleton has been dated to between 2900 and 2800 BC In a hemispherical shape and a diameter of just over 2.5 cm, the eye was made with a very light material, not yet determined The surface of the artificial eye is covered with a thin layer of gold engraved with a central circle to represent the iris and decorated with gold lines representing sunlight Both sides of the eye are pierced with small holes, through which a gold wire held the eyeball in place Controls the microscope showed that the eyeball was increased during the life of this woman On other skeletons, skulls have been found which supports the practice of trepanation, in which patients survived … It is also found in a cup earth, dating back there over 5000 years, decorated along five images representing the movements of a goat scampers It was enough to turn the cup to see the animated image … Seeds have been found, evidence of an agriculture-led It is also found of metallurgical slags, residues of cast iron and steel Archaeologists have always placed in the Iron Age – 1000, approximately, and the Bronze Age to the Neolithic and Copper For them the hard copper metallurgy is the carved stone! For them, they did not know the iron! They did not take into account the short life of the iron: 2000 years maximum The dairy found in many sites of cities Aryan therefore prove their mastery of iron and steel as copper and bronze We found a backgammon game dated back more than 5000 years The game consisted of two dice and 60 pieces whose fields are decorated with undulating serpents The backgammon game is already mentioned in the Vedic Puranas The use of dice for the game confirms its Indian origin, relations Marhaschi Valley and Thar, and also the age of the Vedas It was recently discovered the skeleton of a messenger who traveled by camel The human skeleton reveals signs of bony trauma, suggesting that this was a professional cyclist who spent his life on a camel Approximately 5,000 medals made with pebbles were found in graves of women, while the medals are clearly attributed to significant This shows clearly the equal status of women in society Aryan The excavations of the city of Shahr-e Sūkhté us discover a race of civilized people of farmers and artisans No weapon was found on the site …

Tepe Bampur

Located in Iranian Baluchistan, Bampur Valley is a natural route linking the Iranian plateau with the Indus Valley It is occupied from the 4th millennium BC The valley cities Bampur have obviously thrived on international trade The site of Tepe Bampur delivered numerous pottery identical to other sites and also to Marhaschi excavation sites of Bahrain and Oman In addition to the site of Tepe Bampur, most importantly, 12 other inhabited sites were discovered in the valley of Bampur

Shahi Tump

Shahi Tump is a site in the valley of Kechi crossing the Makran in southern Pakistan It found, dating from the fourth millennium BC, a weight-filled copper lead, weighing 13.5 kg, ovoid, with a hanging loop at the top It is decorated with mosaics of shells 2 representing a leopard pursuing a gazelle This proves the mastery of copper technology in lost wax casting and that of lead, in addition to the artistic skill of the mosaic The excavations also be said that the locals were engaged at the fourth millennium, a sophisticated and developed agriculture and livestock Found there remains of wheat and barley 6-row

Tal-e Iblis

Excavations at Tal-i-Iblis Bardsir today, revealed many objects of copper, cast using the lost wax dating from the fourth millennium BC It should be remembered that the technique of lost wax casting requires treatment with very high melting temperature and controlled to the degree that it could not be controlled until the late 19th century!

Tepe Yahya

Tepe Yahya is located in the valley of the river Kish-e Shur, near Jiroft in Kerman province, Iran It has been occupied since the 6th millennium BC In large workshops searched, they found many ceramics and metals, especially copper and bronze But chlorite vases and cylinder seals of steatite There were also tablets, written in cuneiform The site is abandoned, then reoccupied and was finally abandoned sometime in the second half of the third millennium BC , At about the time of the wars of Yi …

Konar Sandal

Konar Sandal in the valley of the Halil Rud, in Kerman, is located near the town of Jiroft This site is divided into two tells part of the same city, split by a river The tell B is a high terrace In the workshops unearthed were found numerous tablets in an unknown This is the wedge that resembles the linear Elamite or Proto-Elamite In the graves were found many vases chlorite Konar Sandal should be the main center of production of these vases found throughout the Iranian plateau to Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley and around the Persian Gulf

Marashi civilization or civilization of Jiroft

The civilization of the region is called by archaeologists: Jiroft civilization, arguing that the sites are located around the present city of Jiroft It’s as if Paris was called civilization, the civilization of the Gauls … Archaeologists admit however that the discovery of an ancient civilization could change their view of ancient history … In the early 2000s, many objects dating from the Bronze Age, are found in Western auction houses Customs chains back to Iran, in Kerman province The Iranian customs uncover clandestine excavations along the river banks Halil Five great cemeteries are operated clandestinely, and deliver vases, pottery, objects in lapis lazuli statuettes of chlorite, marble and bronze The army put an end to looting in 2002 The Iranian archaeologist is responsible for Youssef Madjidzadeh expertise coins recovered It organizes regular excavations show that several dozen cemeteries similar to those already looted and two large mounds, the two tells of Konar Sandal


At Konar Sandal, the most impressive monument of this civilization is the large terrace of the mound B: the structure was built with more than four million mud bricks! Archaeologists excavated officials see it as the city of Aratta, capital of the ancient kingdom of Marhashi It is presented as a rich city of the Iranian plateau, with whom the kings of Uruk are in conflict, obviously motivated by his wealth, especially for its raw materials The Sumerian texts tell of the triumph of Uruk Aratta, which was however very difficult to achieve Aratta is well described in Sumerian literature: This is a fabulously wealthy city, full of gold, silver, lapis lazuli and other precious materials, with highly skilled artisans and skilled The town is remote and difficult to achieve This is the home of the goddess Inana, who transferred his allegiance to Uruk after our victory Inana was thus the patron goddess of Aratta The Marhaschi was then conquered by Enmerkar Uruk



money is the human predator
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