Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 28: Legends of Marhashi

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 28: Legends of Marhashi
Published April 25, 2012

The lion-headed bird Anzu …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 28: Legends of Marhashi

The Sumerian legends

The Sumerian legends tell us the relationship between turbulent and warlike kingdom of Sumer and Marhashi, for the period from the fourth millennium to the second millennium Four legends tell of these conflicts: Enmerkar and Ensuhkeshdanna Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta Lugalbanda in the cave of the mountain Lugalbanda and Anzu As legends tell the story seen from the side of Sumer, it is obviously the Sumerian kings and Enmerkar Lugalbanda that the right role The Sumerian powerful must still admit the dificulties to achieve the annexation of Marhashi, and recognize that despite the high cost of these campaigns, their domination of Marhashi hardly have lasted over time In fact, it seems that the real cause of these conflicts, either due to excessive wealth of Marhashi, and vassal colony of Sumer The Marhashi advantage of its location close to the Aryan Valley Thar for their alliance and protection and no longer pay his tribute to Sumer … The Marhashi seems dependent on Sumer for his wheat, but the reverse is true for construction materials, minerals, gold, silver and precious stones

Enmerkar and Ensuhkeshdanna

This legend begins with a description of the richness and beauty of Uruk, which is higher than that of Aratta We learn qu’Ansigaria is the Chief Minister and Ensuhkeshdanna Namena-tuma that of Enmerkar Enmerkar Unug is lord of the other name of Uruk, and Kulaba the city that goes from heaven to earth This confirms the spatial origin of Sumerian direct, that is to say without going through the base of Sanchi Aryan Ensuhkeshdanna is also called Ensukushsiranna or Ensuhgirana Ensuhkeshdanna, priest-king of Marashi, sent a messenger to Enmerkar, priest-king of Uruk, asking him to submit to Aratta It boasts support for that of the goddess Inanna, his wife, the great goddess of love and war Enmerkar is furious because he is the priest-king of Uruk and the husband of Inanna Enmerkar meets Ensuhkeshdanna Inanna left the temple with him and she will not go to Aratta, even for only five or ten years In his reply he even adds a few details like sex “even if it is not a duckling, she cries so much” When the messenger returned with this message to Aratta, Ensuhkeshdanna feels rejected His advisors asked him to step back and avoid confrontation with Enmerkar He vows never to submit to Enmerkar although Aratta must be completely destroyed The sorcerer Urgirinuna who had to leave his city state Hamazi, destroyed by the Sumerians, comes to take refuge in Aratta Urgirinuna Ansigaria ensures that it can be overcome Enmerkar and thus avenge the Sumerian Ansigaria accepts his proposal and the sorcerer goes to Eresh, City Nisaba, also called Nidaba, goddess of writing, learning and harvesting, but also closely linked to Inanna friend The action of the sorcerer will dry milk production of Eresh, the leading provider of Uruk It was a fatal error that déclancha anger of Inanna who called his Sagburu witch to the rescue Then began a contest of witches: Urgirinuna turns his magic with an animal with fish roe River First a giant carp is soon captured and eaten by an eagle created by Sagburu Urgirinuna Then the lamb is seized by a wolf A cow and her calf are removed by a lion A goat and a ram are carried away by a leopard Finally, the foal of a gazelle is kidnapped by two wild beasts The witch who defeated Sagburu Urgirinuna, its magic is higher, she refuses to spare the life of the sorcerer, and flows into the Euphrates The rites of Dumuzi tell us that the old hag becomes a beautiful girl after a stay in the mountains and she married Enmerkar When Ensuhkeshdanna learn it, he admits defeat and submits to Enmerkar The rest of the text is too fragmentary to be construed to, but did not destroy Uruk and Aratta burned as the goddess Inanna would have been entitled to require their Aratta was far too precious …

Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta

The Sumerian legend seems based on real events that occurred during the early third millennium BC Enmerkar, son of the sun god Utu, who reigned 420 years or 900 years depending certtains texts, wants to annex the rich city of Aratta, fitted with gold, silver, tin and lapis lazuli He asked his sister and wife, the goddess Inanna, to help get the people of Aratta tribute intended to restore the temple of Enki in Eridu: the Apsu Inanna Enmerkar advised to send a messenger who will cross the mountains and the land of Anshan, Elam, to communicate its requirements to the lord of Aratta The messenger over the mountains and arrived in Aratta where he asks the Lord to deliver the tribute and send his people to build the Apsu, under penalty of reprisals The lord of Aratta refused Enmerkar the messenger returns to Aratta, where he recites the incantation of Enki, to impress the lord of Aratta that he agrees to pay the tribute for the Apsu He hoped that the confirmation of his coalition with Enki, the lord of Aratta folds and agrees to pay the requested tribute But he still refuses Despite threats of Enmerkar, the lord of Aratta is inflexible because it is the equal of the king of Uruk and Inanna’s husband, who lived at earlier Aratta before joining his brother in Uruk The messenger told him then that Inanna has left and is now married to Uruk and has promised to help Enmerkar to submit Aratta The lord of Aratta then agrees to submit to Uruk and send him riches and materials, if Enmerkar sends a large amount of grain in large-mesh nets and not in bags Enmerkar solves the challenge of using grain germination But he refuses again and submit a new challenge Enmerkar still accepts the challenge but provided that in the premium large additional quantities of precious stones The lord of Aratta refused and asked him to Enmerkar matter who gets these gems to Aratta in compensation for the abandonment of Inanna When the king of Uruk finds out, he returns to Uruk the messenger, not message, but with his scepter: scepter of Sumer, the scepter of Gilgamesh, king of Kulaba rallying of all Sumerian It requires him to cut a second scepter at the base of his It should then show off the new scepter as his own and thus recognize vassal of Enmerkar The lord of Aratta is shaken, but does not yield Enmerkar and offers a single combat between two champions of the two cities to determine the winner of the conflict The king of Uruk accepts the challenge, but increases its demands, asking the people of Aratta to make significant additional offerings for the temple of Inanna at Uruk, the Eanna Enmerkar this time sends the message in writing, the Sumerian formula: the nail is driven, which means that discussions are completed, in case of refusal, up to the war … The text becomes partly missing, and it is unclear how Enmerkar becomes the winner, but we learn later that the lord of Aratta accept defeat Aratta receives the help of Ishkur, the storm god, who offered him large quantities of wheat The assistance of Aryan god Hurrian proves the aid promised by the Allies at Marhashi Valley Thar With this new support, it can raise its head The following text is missing and can not know the steps that lead to the final victory of Enmerkar The people of Aratta then the tribute book and provides the materials to build the Apsu, the temple of Inanna, the Eanna of Uruk


Lugalbanda, the second king according to the Sumerian King List, reigned 1200 years Its name means: young king and he was nicknamed the shepherd Lugalbanda is the hero of two legends compiled the Ur III period, the twenty-first century BC: Lugalbanda in the cave of the mountain and Lugalbanda and Anzu In these two legends, Lugalbanda is an army officer of Enmerkar, the first King according to Sumerian King List The legends we are best known in the 18th century versions Part of the story still comes from the Ur III period, and it is very different from those versions of 18th century This confirms the christiannisation text …

Lugalbanda and Ninsun

The fragmentary tablets Abu Salabikh, dating from about – 2600 BC, describe the relationship between love and Lugalbanda Ninsun goddess, goddess of wild cow, which give birth to Gilgamesh At the Ur III period, we find Lugalbanda deified in many city-states such as Nippur, Ur, Umma and Puzrish-Dagan

Lugalbanda in the cave of the mountain

The Sumerian king Enmerkar wants to conquer the land of Aratta, the Marhashi At the head of his army, march to Enmerkar Aratta, located in the highlands of eastern Lugalbanda is a young army officer sumérienned’Uruk As the army marches towards the city of Aratta, he fell ill in the mountains, on Mount Hurrum His companions, thinking it close to his death, decided to leave it in a cave with his weapons and supplies They plan to bring the body back to Uruk with them upon their return Simply to protect to improve its end and think the repatriation of the body, proves that even if it currently has the rank of officer, it is still a high-ranking Lugalbanda, very sick and seriously weakened, prayed to the gods: Nanna the Moon god, Utu, the sun god, and Inanna, the goddess of love and war, to ask his recovery When he wakes up, two days later he remembers the dream he saw in his sleep Lugalbanda then obeyed the requests sent by the gods of dreams It captures and sacrificed a buffalo and a goat and prepares a banquet for the gods He dedicates the sacrifices to the great Sumerian gods: An, Enlil, Enki and Ninurshag The gods offer him then healing … He then resumed the road and joined the army on the march The end of the text is fragmentary But these texts shed light on these gods who possess such great power They use it mainly to satisfy their desires They do not help anyone for free …

Lugalbanda and Anzu

During his march to join the army of Enmerkar, Lugalbanda is lost in the mountains He then takes the decision to seek the nest of fearsome Anzu The nest is located near the tree the eagle of Enlil This tree grows atop a huge mountain Anzu, or Zu Imdugud, is a lion-headed eagle, that is to say, provided a lion’s head This attribute also indicates that this is a god Anzu, the thunderbird, so called because it could unleash lightning, was the servant of the mighty god Enlil Lugalbanda found the nest, but was absent Anzu There was a chick … Anzu was out hunting to feed his little Lugalbanda then busied himself with care and respect to feed the chick He gave her cakes, honey, salt beef and mutton fat He adorned his head with strands of white cedar and painted his eyes with koh He hid near by and waited cautiously Shortly after, Anzu returned with his partner, bringing a bull in his talons and another on his shoulder He called his chick, but there was no response Fearing the worst, Anzu and his companion uttered a cry of pain so piercing that the gods of the mountain have crept into the crevices like ants But when they atteignèrent the nest, he saw the child sitting quietly The parents were delighted and Anzu then said “Whoever did this to my chick, if you are a god, I give you my friendship, if you are a man, I hope your exaucerais” Lugalbanda then approached and introduced himself with respect to Anzu The god of this bird happy warrior who had befriended her chick offered her to choose a wish, whatever it was Lugalbanda asked him to have the ability to jog very quickly and without fatigue, regardless of the path length Anzu, with only a word, he granted his wish Lugalbanda thus able to quickly leave the mountains and join Enmerkar siege of the city of Aratta The conflict was long and laborious A year passed, but there was no sign of afaiblissement defense of Aratta Their walls, the besieged rained spears as thick as rain For Enmerkar, there was only one explanation: he had lost the favor of Inanna So he asked a volunteer to return to Uruk bring a message to Goddess If she helped him to return safely, he promised to give up his spear and his shield to give it the breeze Lugalbanda, provided his tireless legs, claimed the honor of carrying the message He decided to travel alone, despite warnings from his companions, who told him “you can not cross the great mountains, those who go there, do not return” But thanks to the power given him by Anzu, Lugalbanda Uruk reached before midnight the same day, just when the offerings were made to the goddess in her temple He conveyed the message of his king The Great Goddess did not want qu’Enmerkar renounces war Inanna told him how Enmerkar should proceed to beat the rich city of Aratta, which has brick walls of green crystal, manufactured with cassiterite extracted from the mountains where the cypress grow and decorated with lapis lazuli His reply was that inform Lugalbanda Enmerkar: It took him down a lonely tree, tamarisk, who grew up in one of the sacred pools of the goddess, near Aratta It can then catch the fish with his hands that lives It will then offer him a sacrifice All this is done, the victory was assured of Aratta and Uruk Enmerkar could return with his loot: precious metals and precious stones for which he had declared war to Aratta She also advises to removing all Enmerkar metallurgists craftsmen, goldsmiths, stonemasons, not to mention all the molds And what was said, was made …

Funny gods

Inanna, illustration of Diego Barlock History tells us of gods their life: from 400 to 1200 years! Although their life is long, they do not last forever … They may be gods, they also get sick and need to be treated for cure! They may be gods, they have needs: food, sex, housing, gold and jewelry … Remind you, the Mayan gods demanded food for people, young virgins and gold! They are very human these gods …



money is the human predator
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