Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 29: The kingdoms of Arabia Dilmun

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 29: The kingdoms of Arabia : Dilmun

Published June 24, 2012

Copper bull’s head, discovered in the temple of Barbar, dated the 3rd millennium BC …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 29: The kingdoms of Arabia : Dilmun

The kingdoms of Arabia

The Arabian Peninsula to the Neolithic, represented the maritime link of the Atlanteans from Africa of Egyptian and Tocharian, India and the Aryans of the Middle Eastern Sumerian The center of the peninsula is occupied by an arid desert, but Atlantis countertops occupy the entire edge of the Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden and Red Sea The main vital centers of the region have not moved and are always in the same place today Each realm is made up of smaller and larger counters, which occupy an island or archipelago on earth and who stop at the counter neighbor Archaeology in the region has never been a priority and most of our knowledge of its history from ancient to recent findings Especially that one should not seek to own civilization, but colony counters neighboring civilizations That’s why all these discoveries allow us to know who was primarily what So we can say of Arabia of that time, – in 5000 – 1500 BC, it is composed of three kingdoms, east Dilmun, Magan south and west Saba Each realm is comprised of many city-states more or less independent

The kingdom of Dilmun

Dilmun is the Arabian coast of the Persian Gulf island of Bahrain, Tarut Island, Failaka Island and other islands Dilmun is a Sumerian colony mentioned in the Ebla archives It mentions a tax collector There were found many cuneiform tablets and cylinder seals which we describe the life and administration of its ports Ships are transiting Dilmun wood, construction materials, copper, silver, pottery, dates, grain, oil, precious stones, among the products most cited Merchants Idin-Nin-Ea-nasir Inzak and left their names in the tablets The strategic importance and richness of these counters has natural treasures and caused many wars of occupation This results in many changes of owner: Sumer, Ur, Larsa, Susa, Babylon, Assyria, Aratta, etc. … Dilmun is mentioned in the Sumerian mythological texts as a divine place: When the god Enki settled there with his wife, the country became pure and bright In Dilmun no cawing crow zero, not zero cacabait francolin, no lion killed, no wolf pounced on lambs This is Dilmun, where the sun rises, as the god moved there to live Ziusudra its eternity, that is to say: his retirement … When the Indus Valley loses its influence from the middle of the second millennium BC, Dilmun loses its importance In the eighth century BC, Dilmun was a vassal of Assyria in 600 BC and it was part of the Neo-Babylonian Empire


In Bahrain, two important sites are listed: Qal’at al-Bahrain and the Temple of Barbar Qal’at al Bahrain is located north of the island This is a tell, an artificial hill of 300 m by 600 m, created by many successive layers of human occupation It is inhabited from the 3rd millennium BC to AD 17èmesiècle At the top of the mound 12 meters in height is a Portuguese fort, which gave its name to the entire website, meaning high Qal’a About a quarter of the site was excavated The buildings are excavated in residential, public, commercial, religious and military They demonstrate the importance of wearing through the centuries A large amount of seals has been found Barbar Temple is located in the village of Barbar, northwest of the island This is actually three temples built in honor of the god Enki, lord of fresh groundwater and wisdom, and his wife Ninhursag The three temples were built one above the other The first temple dates from about 3000 BC The second temple was built about 500 years after The third temple was built about 500 years after the second is at about 2000 BC The temples were built with limestone blocks carved from Jidda Island, northwest of the island of Bahrain One of the temples contains two altars and a natural water source The excavations have unearthed many tools, weapons, pottery and small gold items The most famous of the finds is a bronze bull’s head


Tarut Island in the Persian Gulf, faces the town of Qatif The Canaanite and Phoenician goddess of love and war gave him this name: Ashtarut, which means bounty and beauty First vassal of Canaanite and Phoenician, it was then dominated by Sumer, the Mahrashi, Akkad and Assyria Tarut Castle was built by the Portuguese in the 16th century on the ruins of an earlier building of 5000 years An archaeological mission has unearthed a Danish pottery dating from 6500 to 5 000 years The antiques are mainly found in Foundation Engineering A mechanic discovered tombs older than 4000 years A farmer discovered gems and pots A janitor found engraved rocks Sabaean language for a street cleaning service Qatif Municipal discovered pottery, metal utensils, and a stone statue dating from the Neolithic When building a bridge between Qatif and Tarout, a business of installing water pipes found an old pot filled with silver coins In a grove of palm trees, it was discovered graves of the third millennium BC, where one has updated the ceramic crockery and metal objects, cartridges with designs carved in chlorite Scythian and Aryan style In the farm Alaiyashi was found a limestone statue, headless, fixed on base, about three feet high representing a young girl plump body, wearing shoes The Statue of Tarut or Khadem Abid, invoice Sumerian exhibited at the National Museum in Riyadh, is limestone, 94 cm high and represents a man standing


Archaeological excavations on Failaka Island have discovered a village southwest of the island dating from about 2000 BC It consists of residential houses dominated by a shrine on a tower and terrace There is also a large residence built a little further north, with workshops They were equipped with ovens to work copper and ceramics The inscriptions of the sanctuary indicate that the temple is dedicated divinity Ala Inzak On Failaka Island, was found more cylinder seals and pottery on the island of Bahrain Levels in the first half of the first millennium of Failaka, was found a stele written by Nebuchadnezzar II and a bowl dedicated by this king to the local temple, proving the Babylonian stranglehold on this place at this time

Archaeology in Saudi Arabia

As too often, considering that things of the past is the past … Yet the potential is huge! Most known sites have been excavated only a quarter and a maximum of only half The views satellite and aircraft were driven from many sites to search It would be easy to organize systematic excavations under the control of Saudi academics: many countries would love to participate virtually volunteer We now know the value of antiques and impact of cultural tourism well organized The visit of Dilmun would quickly pay for itself …



money is the human predator
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