Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 30: The kingdoms of Arabia, Magan

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 30: The kingdoms of Arabia, Magan

Published June 25, 2012

The tower-tombs at the foot of Jebel Misht near the site of Umm Nar year …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 30: The kingdoms of Arabia, Magan

The kingdom of Magan

Magan or Makkan, the southern kingdom of the Arabian Peninsula, Oman is now Colony Sumerian tablets tell us that much of their wealth to reach the colony: copper, timber, gold, silver, etc. … Military expeditions may be needed to stop the desire for independence counters The son of Sargon, Man-Ishtushu, may well bring back the stone blocks Naram-Sin will also be imposed by a war party But it will also take technical aids such as road construction by Urnammu of Ur around 2100 BC Sumer, Ur, Akkad, were the patrons of Magan in the 3rd millennium BC It should not be excluded that some city-states were ruled by Tocharian and by Aryan Valley Thar The remains of petroglyphs and megalithic monuments are there to attest

Umm an-Nar

Umm-an-Nar, near Abu Dhabi, was a port counter Sumerian around 2500 BC Have been found pottery imported from all over the Middle East and weight of the system used by the Sumerians Tablets dating from about 2000 BC, we show that exchange of copper exported, we got to Magan textiles, barley, sesame oil, etc. … Umm an-Nar-réexpédiait by these products to the caravan oasis within There were found many fragments of bitumen caulking reed boats The boats of this type were known under the name of Magan boats The texts mention cargo of twelve tons of copper and shipped in Sumer, which gives an idea of ​​the size of vessels


The oasis of Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, home to the site of Hili In most oases, modern cities have grown in the same place, thus destroying the ancient traces In Al Ain, the city developed near Hili, which has preserved the site The site of Hili reflects the prosperity experienced by the Magan early in the third millennium BC, through its international trade, mainly between the middle east and the valley of Thar Hili is a city of Bronze Age circular containing graves, wells, residential buildings, towers, palaces and administrative buildings Hili has a Aflaj of a sophisticated system of irrigation of the Bronze Age Agriculture and livestock are highly developed They grow all year round, thanks to irrigation, the date palm, wheat, barley, sorghum and legumes Were bred cows, donkeys, camels, goats and sheep Around 3100-2700 BC, the tombs in stone cairn had settled on hills overlooking the oasis The necropolis of Hili is remarkable for its monumental circular graves with sculpted walls They date from the period known as Umm an-Nar, from 2 500 to 2 000 BC We discovered a mass grave inviolate body of nearly 700 The grave was intact: Sumerian vases, lapis lazuli Scythian Elamite pottery, and objects of local manufacture Ade’s grave Hili North the tombs of Umm an-Nar-type are similar habitats and become monumental, even megalithic tomb like this A Hili North In addition, the number of burials there is increasing significantly, up to several hundred at the end of the third millennium. Aya is found vases from Bactria of Scythians Nde Hili tomb has already delivered more than 300 pottery, stone vessels and objects of bronze and numerous items of adornment

Samad al-Shan

Samad al-Shan is located in the central part of Oman in the near Al-Sharqiyah Maysar 260 graves have been found in the Bronze Age to the Iron Age The grave is mostly made of pottery and jewelry from local and imported, as in other cemeteries in Saudi


At Selme Ibri, we uncovered many vases and copper weapons and jewelry, bracelets and other decorative objects, reminiscent of Scythian tombs 508 metal objects and 82 stone, plus ceramic containers, make up the contents of the hidden tomb The dates indicate the age of the grave as the third millennium BC

Tell Abraq

The site of Tell Abraq was occupied from the third to first millennium BC The hill about 1 acres peaks at about 10 meters On the site, there was also a tower of 40 meters in diameter Tell Abraq is at a strategic point between Mesopotamia, Elam and the valley of the Thar Found there Harappan weights, pottery Barbar, two cylinder seals, fragments of soapstone vessels, etc. … One of the graves of six meters in diameter, has been dated between 2200 and 2000 BC, at the time of the third empire of Ur There were the remains of 413 people in the grave It found tools of copper and linen fabrics The ruins of Qalhat, 25 km north-west of Sur, are prominent Situated on a terrace high above-the present day village. The site is still Imposing, enclosed Within Clearly recognisable defensive walls.


In Qatar, before oil, the population was farming and fishing, especially of the pearl oyster With oil, Danish archaeologists came and discovered numerous mounds and quantity of prehistoric tools They emerge from oblivion several mounds on the peninsula Abruq Then the English update to Da’asa Al-Obeid pottery fragments, that is to say, Mesopotamian origin and dating from the 5th millennium French archaeologists have found thousands of mounds of shells of sea snails crushed These snails produce a brilliant red dye prized noble Babylonians The dye house is older than those in Lebanon. Many petroglyphs have been discovered in the Jebel They are mostly boats, some of which are characteristic of the Neolithic

Jebel Jassassiyeh

The rocky ridge of Jebel Jassassiyeh is famous for its rock carvings They date the Bronze Age, but their significance is unknown There are many sculptures in the shape of an eye It is perhaps an eye, or a boat, or an insect, or something else In any case it is indeed a sign Tocharian Nobody would think of materializing the same sign carved into the rock in large quantities without a valid reason This technique was already Tokharian developed at length throughout the third second part of this book and I invite you to refer to them


Dubai, in the 7th millennium BC, was a mangrove swamp The mangrove was covered by sand years ago 5000 There are few objects exhumed from the Bronze Age

Ra’s al-Hamra

In Ras al-Hamra, Muscat, was unearthed graves, tombs high circular, dated the 3rd millennium BC These graves indicate the existence of funeral rites and discovered there Harappan pottery fragments This proves the contacts with the cities of Muscat Valley Thar

Ras Al Hadd

Excavations at Ras Al Hadd have revealed many archaeological sites: villages and burial sites It has updated many remains as the first Omani ship and the oldest incense burner from the Arabian Peninsula The many objects discovered confirm the trade with oases of the interior and the kingdoms of Mesopotamia, India, Africa and China

Archaeology in Oman and the UAE

As in Saudi Arabia, are recent archaeological research But given the strategic importance of the region, there remains a large number of sites to visit and search For the first discoveries have confirmed the appearance of a large agriculture through irrigation techniques soon – 3200 BC, as well as regular contact with all major and Atlantean civilizations of the time Today with our modern means of investigation, but also with our spirit of respect for things of the past, we are able to read our past The work to be done is huge, but  promising very good results



money is the human predator
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