Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 31: The kingdoms of Arabia, Sheba

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 31: The kingdoms of Arabia, Sheba

Published June 26, 2012

The terraced fields, agricultural tradition of the kingdom of Sheba, since time immemorial …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 31: The kingdoms of Arabia, Saba

The kingdom of Sheba

It is clear that the kingdoms of Dilmun and Magan consist of city-states, which are actually counters the valley of the Thar, the Marhashi, from Elam, the Sumerians, the Scythian and Aryan, he is also clear that the kingdom of Sheba, west of Arabia, was founded by Tocharian The proof is that it is mainly in the realm of the Arabian Peninsula found most of petroglyphs and megalithic constructions that characterize them, although the presence of established communities tokhariennes is also within certain cities -states of Magan and Dilmun The Kingdom of Sheba includes the southwest and west of the Arabian Peninsula From 3000 BC, there are idols of bronze in the sites of villages that were already practicing irrigated agriculture With this irrigation, they already got the double harvest year on the terraces of the mountains Archaeologists recognize in this kingdom, at the age of bronze, important social groups, structurally complex, and interconnected with the rest of the world Atlantean They practiced farming, developed and manufactured a ceramic mastered metallurgy It recognizes both the technology Tokharian, petroglyphs and megaliths in this kingdom

Megalithic sites in Saudi

The megalithic Saudi occupy the land from the west of Oman and Yemen, western Saudi Arabia to Sinai and Jordan, Syria and Lebanon They have been dated from the beginning of the third millennium BC, thanks to painted jars imported from Mesopotamia The high circular tombs, tumuli and sets of standing stones are ordered similar construction throughout Saudi, confirming a structured and homogeneous civilization Their location is generally as follows: The tombs are circular on high plateaus, along cliff The tumuli are perched on the hills The standing stones are at the foot of jebels, high hills or mountains The trilithons are located in the wadis, plains of rivers that can be seasonally dry The many megalithic sites dating from the Bronze Age located along the Incense Route, prove permanent contacts across the Arabian Peninsula

From the Ramlat Dahm  to Ramlat Sab’atayn

The Ramlat Dahm and Ramlat Sab’atayn, located north of Yemen, are dotted with megalithic tombs The necropolis of jabal Ruwaik, the wadi Nushur, circular tombs Surla high road Sana’a-Sa’ada, the site Mawr near Saada, the sites of the road to Sanaa Sa’ada, Sana’a to Marib and Mu, the tumuli of jabal Ruwaik the mound to the plate Sayyun Mukalla, etc. … There are many high circular tombs, called in Arabic: dirm But also standing stones, tumuli and cists: small dolmens, standing stones sites, of trilithons, tombs walls, kind of big walls in two walls, between which is a burial chamber box-shaped, of rectangular tombs with one or two standing stones to the east of the tomb, tombs square, funeral chains formed by rectangular boxes and rows of standing stones of more than one hundred meters These structures are of very large dimensions The mapping of high circular tombs revealed the strategic position of these cemeteries: along trails through the desert that connect to Shabwa Jaw They are dated the 3rd and 2nd millennium BC This further confirms the commercial links between Lebanon, Yemen and Oman


In the plains of Dhamar, to over 2000 meters, there are standing stones and dolmens, and a covered walkway to 8 feet long by seven horizontal slabs covered the middle one missing A city with its water reclamation system is large tanks, a testament to the technology and wealth of the region


In the plain of Tihama was discovered 126 sites of 30 km2 These are mostly cluster shells and mounds of broken pottery The shells are composed of clusters remains of shells Terebralia palustris, a mangrove snail, mainly used as bait and as feedstock for the manufacture of lime Many bones of horses and Caprinae, proves the practice of farming There are also bits of pottery and fragments of bronze The mass shells are dated 7th millennium and ceramic shards and bones of the third millennium BC C. There are the standing stones of Hamili But also several stone alignments of more than a kilometer, 1 to 3 meters high, perfectly tapered at the foot of Jabal al-Mahandar North of the city of Zabid, there is still a site of standing stones The excavation of the front of a monolith unearthed two copper plates, two ax heads, two points of spears, dating from 2500 BC C. Ceramic, copper, bronze, livestock, megaliths, it is the technology of Tocharian!

Mahra and Dhofar

The Mahra in Yemen and Dhofar in Oman, form a narrow coastal strip of about 40 km south of the Arabian Peninsula Have been discovered many trilithons along the wadis But also tumuli on the road that connects to Sayhut Qishn This region also revealed cysts or small dolmens and standing stones The most distinctive landmark is the site of al-Mahdi In Mahra and Dhofar, many are prepared trilithons The remains of pottery that are found can be dated to the megaliths of the third and second millennium BC

Wadi Was’sha

In the Wadi Wa’sha, funerary remains and traces of habitat surveys are dated from the late fourth millennium to the mid third millennium BC Tombs have been found circular towers, tombs wall, mounds, cists and dolmens The megaliths are trapezoidal form structures and include alignments trilithons One of the most important site trilithons, listed HDOR 592, has over fourteen alignments that span over 300 m long Small circular structures associated with these alignments The orientation of the alignment follows that of the bed of the Wadi

Wadi Rum

Wadi Rum or Wadi Ramm is located south of the Arabah, Jordan There are many canyons, natural arches, cliffs and caves Drawings, inscriptions and archaeological evidence of 12,000 years of human occupation It is listed more than 25,000 petroglyphs and more than 20,000 entries that can trace the beginnings of alphabetic writing


Hadramawt is mentioned in the Book of Genesis and its capital is Shabwa Shabwa, with its 10 m high mound would be before the middle of the second millennium In the Hadramawt there are traces of earlier occupation in the second millennium, but its ancient history is totally unknown to us today Its history is known from various foreign sources, but only from the seventh century BC, long after the Tocharian have established the kingdom of Sheba The inhabitants of Hadramawt practiced irrigated agriculture, built houses and palaces of brick, manufactured ceramics red slip Other ancient cities of the region show the same culture and have one or more palaces Many towns dotted along the coast of the Indian Ocean and Red Sea, and along overland trade routes, including Habban, Naqab al-Hajar al-Bina, Bir Ali


Dadan, Dedan, or Dedanim, designates a people of Idumea or Arabia, according to Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel, the 7th and 6th century BC They believe that people lived in Saudi desert the dédanites were traders who had trafficked with Tyre was considerable They came by caravan to bring in ivory, ebony and beautiful covers horses, products undoubtedly foreign to their country, but they received from more distant nations through the various ports of Arabia Isaiah threatened invasion of Saudi, and asserted that trade which was the richness of these populations, and among others those of Dedan, will be annihilated Barbie du Bocage, founder in 1821 of the Geographical Society, Dedan place in the Persian Gulf, in one of the islands of Bahrain For him, Idumea is in Africa, in a country where the eastern boundary does not exceed the 34th degree of longitude Thus we find traces of ancient texts which asserted that the kingdom of Sheba was located on the east coast of Africa and on the west coast of Saudi This territorial coverage matches the Tocharian

Road of Kings

Route of Kings is a passage along 335 kilometers which connects Amman to Aqaba It is bordered on both sides of a rich chain of archaeological sites with prehistoric settlements of the Stone Age, biblical towns of the kingdoms of Ammon, Moab and Edom, Crusader castles, some of the finest early Christian Byzantine mosaics from the Middle east, a Roman fortress Herodian, several Nabatean temples, two major Roman fortresses, ancient Islamic cities and the Nabatean capital carved into the rock, Petra Mentioned in the bible, kings of the road was the one that Moses wanted to borrow to take his people north through the region of Edom In Genesis 14, an alliance of “four kings of the North” led his troops on the road to do battle against the five kings of the cities of the plain, including the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah These statements prove the antiquity of this road of kings, small part of the Incense Route

The Incense Route

The Incense Route connected Egypt to Saudi and India It was created in the early 3rd millennium BC The Aryan Valley Thar sent incense to the ports of Arabia and Egypt: Cane, and Muza Aden in the south and Berenice, Philotera, Myos Hormos, Leuce Kome and Aila in the north. The incense which arrived in the ports of Arabia was then sent by caravan to Petra in the desert, where he transited to Gaza and Damascus Ports of Egypt, he was transported to Alexandria via Coptos The incense route was also used in international trade of myrrh, Indian spices, ebony, silk, rare woods, feathers, skins, etc. …   Several towns were founded in the oases along the road, including Saba and Iram In the Negev desert, were founded the cities of Avdat, Haluza, Mamshit and Shivta We built this city on the road, sophisticated irrigation systems

History of the kingdom of Sheba

There are over 5000 years, archaeological excavations in the Arabian Peninsula, have demonstrated the existence of links with the civilizations of the Levant, Mesopotamia and India These are the Tocharian who founded the kingdom of Sheba The reconstruction of the route of the old roads showed that the cities were founded on the banks of one of the many tracks Fakra caravans The largest of these ancient roads left Aden crossing the Hijaz and Asir to the north, then the watering and feeding of Mecca, to continue northward It is along these old roads, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Sinai, Lebanon, Syria, more than 10,000 sets of funerary architecture common This funerary architecture is not a particularity: it is recognized throughout the peninsula and into the Levant The proven presence of agriculture, irrigation, livestock, ceramics, metallurgy, petroglyphs and megaliths at the time of the Neolithic, corresponds to a kingdom Tocharian After the wars of Yi and the collapse of Aryan and Tocharian, the Nabatean inherited the secrets of the trade routes in and took control The city of Petra became their capital instead of Marib



money is the human predator
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4 Responses to Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 31: The kingdoms of Arabia, Sheba


      bonjour phoo

      votre étude est très intéressante et appelle de ma part les remarques suivantes :
      comme je l’ai prouvé dans la 3ème partie du livre deuxième , les tokhariens , les pétroglyphes sont des panneaux indicateurs
      ce qu’ils représentent , nous ne le savons pas , mais ils se trouvent dans des endroits stratégiques et peuvent être visible de la terre seulement , ou de la mer seulement , ou du ciel seulement
      ils sont gravés dans la pierre pour être perenne , ce qui renforce leur utilité
      les différents terrains d’où ils peuvent être visibles , confirment la maîtrise des tokhariens des transports terrestres , maritimes et aériens
      le fait d’en trouver aussi dans le sinaï prouve le bien fondé d’un royaume de saba primitif tokharien qui reliait la mer d’arabie à la méditérranée

      merci pour m’avoir informé de votre étude
      douglas moonstone

      Hi Phoo

      lo studio è molto interessante e mi chiama le seguenti osservazioni:
      come ho dimostrato nella terza parte del secondo libro, il Tocharian, petroglifi sono segni
      quello che sono, non lo sappiamo, ma sono in posizioni strategiche e può essere visibile dalla Terra solo, o solo mare o cielo solo
      sono scolpite nella pietra per essere sostenibile, che aumenta la loro utilità
      terreni diversi dove possono essere visibili, confermare il controllo Tocharian di terra, mare e aria
      il fatto di trovare anche nel Sinai dimostra la validità di un regno di saba Tocharian primitiva che collega il mare alla saudi mediterraneo

      grazie per avermi informato del vostro studio
      douglas pietra di luna

      • phoo34 says:

        Cher ami, Douglas Moonstone
        Je n’ai pas eu le plaisir de lire le livre en question, cependant, sur les géoglyphes, je pense qu’ils sont beaucoup plus éloignés dans le temps que le royaume de Saba, néanmoins, il est probable qu’une partie de la connaissance des castes supérieures de la royaume, étaient basées sur leur connaissance de la plus ancienne et la rappresentasseo géoglyphes pour eux de prouver qu’elle véracité de leurs hypothèses.

        Pardonnez-moi pour le français incorrect, pas très pratique et c’est aussi un niveau élémentaire.



        bonsoir alessio

        mon livre c’est destination terre , 1 et 2 , et il et à lire sur ce blog
        la période des pétroglyphes des royaumes tokhariens est de – 3000 à – 2000 , et c’est le début du royaume de saba , dont nous connaissons surtout l’histoire beaucoup plus tard , sous le règne de salomon


        buonanotte alessio

        il mio libro è terra destinazione, 1 e 2, e leggere su questo blog
        periodo petroglifi regni di Tocharian – 3000 – 2000 e questo è l’inizio del regno di Saba, che noi conosciamo soprattutto la storia molto più tardi, durante il regno di Salomone


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