Part 1: The people of the Gobi , Chapter 3: The Nenets

Nenets summer camp …
Earth is the aim 6 , Exoduses and survivors

Part 5: The people of the Gobi

Chapter 3: The Nenets


Nenets and yukaguirs

Whether or yukaguirs the Nenets, I want to clarify that I am not talking about ethnic today, but native populations Gobi around – 2500 When these people have had to flee the valley of the Gobi, they are scattered in the vast northern They are simultaneously mixed with Inuit Their culture has advanced that it is their culture that prevailed, even if it is enriched plots animist cult Inuit
And this has continued since that time until today So that today very few remaining legends and original ethnic Nenets or yukaguirs current does little to resemble those of that time But also because it remains that their territories are kindly let them: the north north too inhospitable … Although … Today everything is called into question their territories are rich in oil, gas and other natural …


The Nenets

Nenets means: man The Nenets, Samoyed people of Russia, living near the Arctic Circle Is their traditional reindeer herding and fishing They are nomads The house is traditional Nenets tchoum: a conical tent of reindeer skin, as Indian tepee
The population is estimated at about 41,302 people at the last census in 2002, for a current territory of about 600,000 square kilometers, an area larger than France Their original territory was five times larger: about 3,000,000 km ² … The social structure of society is clan-like Nenets

Nenets language

The Nenets language is a Uralic language group Samoyed, as enètse the selkup and nganassan There are two main dialects: the Nenets and Forest Nenets tundra of       During the Soviet era, the Nenets were Russified and a whole generation has not used his native language Despite the preponderance of Russian, the Nenets is again used It is taught again in schools and reindeer herders use Nenets languages ​​are spoken today by more than 27,000 people

History of the Nenets

Historians agree that 3000 years before Christ, the Nenets were detached from the population group of Finno-Ugric language to migrate northward and eastward They came from the Gobi Valley after crossing the mountains of the Altai Sayan Mountains and, as did the enetses the Sayan-ostiakses and ketses They are integrated ienisseïennes populations, Inuit of Altai

They left many traces, monuments and objects in their path, which date back to the Bronze Age, thus demonstrating their advanced culture Scientists say that the iron was unknown to them, but because they did not find any iron objects Iron objects have a shelf life of 2 to 3000 years … Should be exceptional conditions for conservation of the order of 5000 years
They excelled in the work of bronze, silver and gold, much more difficult and complicated to produce and work as iron Jewelery and objects found show a great artistic sense, and their fields covering large areas, irrigation systems had Many mounds, ovens and other archaeological evidence of dense occupation in southern Siberia at this time

Religion of the Nenets

The religion of the Nenets is a mixture of their original beliefs of extraterrestrial gods and animistic beliefs of the Inuit
Noumea, god of the sky and storms, reigns over the seven heavens of the tundra He saw farther than the moon, the sun, the stars Although we recognize the address of the celestial emperor édeniste Nga’s brother, Noumea, is the god of death and disease He reigns over the seven sub-soil of the earth Looks like the sacred tree Ygdrasil The universe is vertical All that is good comes from above, all that is bad comes from below ground
Their animist beliefs consider that any element of earth is animated by a spirit man must seek to establish harmonious relations with the surrounding elements, not to harm them and their willingness to reconcile them with offerings The earth is alive In spring, when the grass appears, the Nenets say that the earth is revived In the autumn, when the grass yellows, earth dies The Nenets are forbidden to plant anything in the ground for fear of disturbing the gods of the earth
Remarkable landscapes: hills, hillocks, rivers, lakes, seas, islands, especially if they have large rocks are sacred places All lakes and large islands are sacred Each of these places of worship has its legend
All religious and cultural heritage is seriously threatened by oil and gas, and many holy places have been destroyed


The shaman is highly respected in the Nenets as in yukaguirs He is the mediator between the spirit world and the earthly world If a man is ill, it is a spirit attacked To appease the shaman must contact the responsible attitude and convince them to abandon their evil actions In his bag, it retains its magical objects: tambourine, bells, mask, magic stones and especially the stick, wand of our legends
The shaman must not make himself a stick They make them for each other Stick with a length of 120 cm, is covered with snake skin or silk At the top of the stick, we set a metal figurine mind bolo mala as a bearded old man It is the spirit of the master shaman stick that shows the way Basically, we set a knife is fashioned iron or a bulge The stick symbolizes the horse or deer With the horse, the shaman went into the worlds below and deer in the worlds above
The shaman is the living memory of the history of the Nenets he transmits to his clan singing legends fireside


Nenets legends

There are many stories and legends Nenets, but unfortunately we have no texts to offer, making the transmission is orally
There are tales of animals, where all the characters are animals, tales of deities or spirits that affect human life, tales of giants, witches or other extraordinary characters, storytelling straddles the world of the dead and the living
Legends are historical narratives that have been or could have happened The legends explain the origins of things or people They are also warnings They tell the story of the clans

The Legend of Sikhirtias

This is a documentary film 1993 Russian Andrei Golovnev Sikhirtias evokes the legend of a population that date according to the archaeological remains found in the tundra of Siberia to the west, before installing the nomadic Nenets
Film Synopsis translated by Helen Fara:
“The Sikhirtias small legendary people are considered the predecessors of the tundra énètses They hunted wild reindeer, and were commercial whaling and walrus
The Sikhirtias live forever, but underground They belong to the world of the dead They only appear at night or in fog They wear metallic clothes and move on dogs or Mamontov, reindeer land They have white eyes, they are blind Sometimes they come to see the living, but only at night or in fog They leave in their wake metallic objects When the shaman calls the fire by his crackling, warned of their coming Then the shaman enters into a relationship with the realm of the dead and the spirit N’ga Sometimes people say they met and they talked about their
These are very similar to Sikhirtias Dropa, the little men legends of the white island in the Gobi Valley …




money is the human predator
This entry was posted in nenets, nga, noum, num, shaman, sikhirtias, valley of gobi. Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Part 1: The people of the Gobi , Chapter 3: The Nenets

  1. Hugo Kennes says:

    Dear, thanks for the update Hugo Brussels

  2. Shg says:

    thanks a lot. It was very helpful for my school project.

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