Part 1 : The people of the Gobi , Chapter 7: The Baltic





Baltic countries , enchanting marine gulfs …


Earth is the aim 6 , Exoduses and survivors

Part 1 : The people of the Gobi

Chapter 7: The Baltic

For exiled Valley Gobi from populations – 2300 BC, some of them did not have the choice to stop before reaching the territories we call today the Baltics

All these forced , after the wars of the Gobi Yi colonization , were probably staggered -2300 -1800 until BC, and were made ​​primarily in cities that were already colonies from about – 4000

They gradually settled on the shores of the Baltic, up to the current border of Germany, from – 4000 BC. AD until about – 1800

The colonizers brought with them their logistics and technology
Archaeology confirms these dates with the sudden these days of pottery techniques occurrence , metallurgy , agriculture and international trade , whose flagship product is the Baltic amber
History of the Baltic
Baltic are Finno-Ugric language like Finnish
Genetic analyzes confirm that the Estonian share with Latvian and Lithuanian , a common genetic
Around 3200 BC. BC a population of different Finno-Ugric language arrived in the area , and will melt relatively peacefully with local
It has never seen the language of the conquered continue to be the language of the territory
It is therefore the Finno-Ugric language that will continue the story and proves their dominance over these territories
Most often the main language is enriched with extracts under the tongue newcomers

At the same time appear Corded Ware , agriculture and livestock
We found bronze objects dating from around 2000 BC. AD
Current commercial exchange with Finnish and Scandinavian is attested since that time, but there were probably previously
Baltic mythology
Baltic communities had their shamans with magical powers who communicated with the gods
They believed that at the beginning of the universe, there was a huge chasm filled with water , which emerges one day land
This initial abyss, there remained a huge whirlpool located on the borders of the land
This whirlwind engulfing the unwary fishermen
It was the realm of the spirit of the waters

Helmold von Bosau , German missionary of the 12th century , tells us:
” Among the many deities to whom they attribute fields, forests, sorrows and pleasures, they do not hesitate to recognize a god who lives in the sky and control other
This all- powerful god is concerned only heavenly things
Others have received from him special functions
They come from his blood
Each of them is even higher than it is closer to the god of the gods ”
This is the main deity in the pantheon Baltic , Perkunas , god of the sky and light , but also the god of rain , mountains, oak trees, and thunder

Marija Gimbutas claimed , American archaeologist born in Lithuania, Baltic mythology was based on a matriarchal system with goddesses symbolizing the natural elements: earth, sky , etc …
Sun, Willow is female and the moon, Meno , is the male sex
The sun goddess , is the goddess of heat , health , fertility and unlucky
The day trip in a wagon and she sails on a boat at night
She is the wife of the moon and the girls’ mother of the moon
She is the main goddess of Baltic mythology
It is celebrated on the feast of Rasos taken up by the feast of St. John, and the Ligo
This worship continues today despite the apparent Christianization

The original pantheon was composed of gods, goddesses , demons and mothers
The original footprint of ancient texts has been more strongly anchored in the Baltic , which will be altered only later by Christianity
Christianization did turn many ancient texts they are based on a patriarchal system and show characters like the Virgin Mary and the Devil

The names of the deities that have survived are from the Finno-Ugric names, more or less influenced by Slavic and Germanic languages ​​, according to local influences in centuries

Baltic mythology is conveyed by traditional songs: the dainas

Some of these songs have several thousand years
They were transmitted by oral tradition , especially by women
The dainas , usually written in quatrains , are the memory of the mythology and history of the Baltic countries
There were over a million texts and more than thirty thousand melodies

Here is an excerpt , a question Willow sun goddess , translated by Nadine Vitols Latvian Dixon:
” Willow led his horses
Bathing in the sea
She sits on the hill
The reins of gold in his hand.

Where you carried your house, Willow
In the evening you down ?
In the midst of the sea , water
At the tip of a golden reed ”

Other extracts tell marriage and many infidelities Aurore Aüchriné mother stars, her husband Moon:
“First spring willow rose early in the morning and Meno , brother and husband, broke her
Meno prowled alone, lovers Aüchriné , Aurora or the morning star
Perkuns , very angry , the pourfendit with a dagger in asking: Why did you separate willow ? Why do you Aüchriné ? ”

” Aüchriné celebrated his wedding
Perkuns , a chariot , entered the gates , and he killed the green oak
The blood flowing oak watered my robes, he watered my beautiful crown . ”

“Where hast thou wandered . Aurore? Where did you prowled wasted , wandered for three days ? ”

Kalevipoeg epic poems
Kalevipoeg is the Estonian national epic written in verse
It is composed of 20 songs for 19,000 to
It was compiled from traditional stories , mainly dainas
The Kalevipoeg has some similarities with the Finnish epic Kalevala
It is estimated that about one-eighth of the epic texts are part of the original texts, against only one thirtieth to the verses of the Kalevala
The rest was composed by compilers

The first written references of Kalevipoeg are in the list of deities, Mikael Agricola published in 1515 : the Calenanpoiat
Then in the Kalliweh by Leyen Spiegel in 1641
Friedrich Faehlmann , 1798 – 1850 , began to compile the Kalevipoeg
After his death, Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald , 1803 – 1882 , resumed the unfinished compilation and wrote the first version in Estonian in 1853 which was censored by the German authorities
A second version will be published from 1857 to 1861 Estonian- German bilingual in order to avoid a new censorship
A third version appears in a book printed in 1862 in Kuopio

This is the story of the giant Kalevipoeg , the youngest son of Kalev and Linda , with superhuman strength
After countless exploits , he dies , his legs cut by his own sword
Resurrected by the gods , it must monitor the gates of hell to prevent the devil back
Prediction announces the return of Kalevipoeg to bring happiness to his people
The Kalevipoeg
Chant 1
The arrival of Kalev shore Viru northeast Estonia, who became King
Kalev wife Linda , born from an egg grouse

Chant 2
On the death of Kalev , Linda weeps for seven days and seven nights
Her tears give birth to Lake Ülemiste Järv in Tallinn
Linda buried 35 meters below ground and he built a mound for burial only by piling rocks forming the hill of Toompea
Then the last born son of Kalev , Kalevipoeg , from his childhood with superhuman strength

Chant 3
During the absence of the three son of Kalev , Tuuslar , Finnish sorcerer removes Linda
She managed to escape but was turned to stone by
On their return the three brothers find the absence of their mother
Kalevipoeg immediately goes looking for him , while his brothers sleep to regain strength

Chant 4
Kalevipoeg share for Finland to swim
He stops on an island where he meets and seduces a beautiful girl
But by learning who he is, she throws herself into the sea and drowned because she was his sister

Chant 5
Kalevipoeg arrives in Finland is the sorcerer
The sorcerer form a huge army to defend
Kalevipoeg thanks to its strength wins the battle and the wizard asks about the fate of his mother
Since he can not answer , Kalevipoeg crushes his head

Chant 6
On the way back , Kalevipoeg decides to buy a sword smith Ilmarinen famous
It took 7 years to build the magical sword
Kalevipoeg tests the sword by hitting it against the anvil on which it was forged : it is cut into two parts
At the party held to celebrate the sale Kalevipoeg drunk, quarreled with the son of the blacksmith and killed with his new sword
The blacksmith gives him his curse and predicted that his sword will kill

Chant 7
Kalevipoeg takes the boat and the sorcerer returns home
Each of the brothers tells how he sought in vain for his mother
Kalevipoeg ignores the tragic events of Ilmarinen

Chant 8
The three brothers are organizing a competition to launch stones to designate one of them will become king
Kalevipoeg the wins and is proclaimed king
He took a plow and plowed across the country, then he falls asleep
During his sleep , wolves , bears and foxes devour his horse

Chant 9
Kalevipoeg kills thousands of wolves and bears to avenge his horse
A messenger comes to warn that an enemy is about to invade the country
It is visited by the god Uku , who predicts that the people live happy under his rule

Chant 10
Kalevipoeg fight demons and wizards
Two demons who fight the enjoyment of a lake ask Kalevipoeg to settle their differences
Alevipoeg , companion Kalevipoeg divides the lake into two parts
Kalevipoeg then faces a water spirit

Chant 11
Kalevipoeg fetches boards Pskov, to build fortresses
On his return he walk through Lake Peipsi
A sorcerer who spy, decides to drown , but it fails
While he napped , a sorcerer steals his sword, but when the thief goes on a bridge over the river Kaapa , escapes the sword hands and falls into the water
Kalevipoeg found his sword, but it can not get out of the water because of the crime committed by killing the son of a blacksmith
To avenge the wizard thief , he ordered his sword to cut the legs of the man who has brought so far
But by saying it makes a slip , which changes the meaning of the sentence : the one to whom it belongs

Chant 12
Kalevipoeg defends against sorcerers who attacked him by hitting them with his boards , but they break
A hedgehog advises him to hit with the edge , allowing it to emerge victorious from this battle
Kalevipoeg returns to Pskov look for a new load boards
Along the way , he falls asleep and the wizard casts a spell
It sleeps seven weeks and dream of forging Ilmarine

Chant 13
On the way back Kalevipoeg see demons at the entrance of a cave
This is the palace of Sarvik the entrance to hell
He discovered three young girls trapped it promises to save

Chant 14
Kalevipoeg explore Hell with girls and emerges victorious combat with the devil
Sarvik but disappears before Kalevipoeg could take him prisoner
Kalevipoeg and girls flee the palace Sarvik

Chant 15
Kalevipoeg escape the demons sent after him and built a city builder Olevipoeg
Girls saved from hell marry fellow Kalevipoeg : Sulevipoeg , Alevipoeg and Olevipoeg

Chant 16
Kalevipoeg undertakes a journey with his companions at the end of the world
He built a boat in silver, lennuk , taking as a captain Sami magician Varrak
They stop on the island sparks , dotted with volcanoes and boiling springs
Then they then arrive in a country of giants
They wander through the ice north before turning the country men headed dog
They return to their country

Chant 17
Estonia then saw seven years of peace, during which Kalevipoeg and his companions build cities including Lindanisa today Tallinn
Then enemy soldiers attack the country but the Kalevipoeg Assamalla confronts and kills tens of thousands

Chant 18
Kalevipoeg Porgu returns to the NFER
He pulls the devil a magic bell that allows him to overcome all obstacles and overcome the soldier Sarvik

Chant 19
Kalevipoeg faces Sarvik
The fight lasts seven days
Kalevipoeg triumph and connects the devil to a rock
It organizes Lindanisa a big party to celebrate his victory
Lapp magician Varrak then comes to claim his wages : the book cover to iron , which contains the laws and liberties of the Estonian people
Kalevipoeg drunk agrees to give him the book
It is a sacrilege which will trigger the final catastrophe

Chant 20
Knights iron attack Estonia but despite the strength of Kalevipoeg , the battle ended with the defeat of Estonians
In its leakage through Kalevipoeg Kaapa River
His sword then performs his curse and cut his legs
Kalevipoeg died of his injuries, but the gods reward for his exploits in raising him , in exchange for a new job: he must monitor to monitor doors Porgu Sarvik and his demons
The epic ends with the prediction of the return of Kalevipoeg who return bring happiness to his people

Lāčplēsis epic poems
The Lāčplēsis is an epic Andrejs Pumpurs , Latvian poet
He wrote between 1872 and 1887 based on local legends
The Lacplesa Diena is celebrated on November 11 to commemorate the victory over the bermontians at the Battle of Riga in 1919, during the War of Independence of Latvia

This is the story of the life of Lāčplēsis chosen by the gods
Adopted son of Lord Lielvārde , his name means killer bear killer because he killed a bear with his bare hands
The castle of Lord Aizkrauklis , he realizes that the witch Spidola or Spīdala under the influence of the devil, with the help of the holy man Kangars , a traitor, foment a plot to replace the old gods by Christianity
The Lāčplēsis
Spidola wants to drown Lāčplēsis cast into the vortex of Staburags in the Daugava , Lāčplēsis is saved by Staburadze goddess who takes her to his castle underwater crystal water
There Lāčplēsis meets and falls in love Laimdota
Lāčplēsis befriends with Koknesis , the bearer of wood
They go together to the Castle Wordsmiths , the father of Laimdota to complete their training there knight

Kangars declares war Estonians
Lāčplēsis will fight against Kalevipoeg for hand Laimdota
He defeated the giant, and to make peace they decide to join forces to defend themselves against their common enemies , the German missionaries led by Dietrich priest or Dītrihs
Lāčplēsis will spend the night in a castle to break the curse and allow the castle floating in the air again.
Engagement Laimdota and Lāčplēsis are proclaimed

Laimdota and Koknesis are kidnapped and imprisoned in Germany
Spidola convinced that Lāčplēsis Laimdota and Koknesis are lovers
Lāčplēsis returns only Lielvārde then set sail for Germany
His ship is lost in the Baltic Sea, and he is saved by the daughter of the North Wind
Meanwhile Dietrich and Livonian Prince Caupo Turaida meet the Pope in Rome to plan the Christianization of Latvia
Lāčplēsis resumed his dangerous journey back
It fights monsters and enchanted island after defeating Spidola he meets and releases its contract with the devil
Lāčplēsis is reunited with Laimdota and new releases Koknesis who escaped Germany but was imprisoned on the enchanted island
Koknesis then declares his love to Spidola and four friends return to Latvia

The double wedding is celebrated during the Jāņi , Midsummer festivities
The heroes have to start fighting the German crusaders
The Germans are repelled
Bishop Albert brings reinforcements from Germany led by Black Knight
At the request of Dietrich, Kangars discovers the secret of the strength of Lāčplēsis and reveals the Germans
Lāčplēsis mother was a bear , and his superhuman strength comes from his bear ears German knights come to Lielvārde to ask for peace
Lāčplēsis organizes a friendly tournament , during which he will meet the Black Knight
During the fight , the knight cut ears Lacplesis
Lāčplēsis not yet completely lost its strength , grabbed the knight and flows into the river from the top of the cliff
But both fighters fall together in the Daugava River and they both disappear in water
Laimdota dies immediately
Egle the Queen of Serpents
There was once , in ancient times , spouses who had twelve son and three daughters and the youngest was called Egle
One summer evening , the three sisters go swimming in the lake
When back on shore to get dressed , the youngest sees a snake is coiled in the sleeve of his shirt
The elder grabbed a stick to chase the Serpent , Lithuanian Zaltys
And the serpent speaking with a human voice said to the younger :
“Give me your word , Egle , that you’ll marry me and let me go my own volition ”
Egle cry : how can I marry a snake! and she said:
” Give me my shirt and going in as you came , where you came ”
But the Serpent answer :
“Give me your word , if you marry me , I will go ”
Not knowing what to do, Egle promises to marry

Three days later , a multitude of snakes arrive at parents Eglea
They are very scared and do not know what to do
They have to capitulate and give up their daughter with snakes
Egle and snakes head to the beach
A handsome young man is waiting
He tells her that the snake had slipped into the sleeve of his shirt, he was
Everyone goes to a nearby island and rushes in a cave
The cave provides access to an underground that continues to the palace under the sea serpent
The marriage was celebrated with great pomp

In the palace of the serpent we lack nothing
Egle there is very well suited and completely forgot his country
Nine years have passed and Egle has three son : Oak , Ash and Birch , and a daughter : Tremble , the youngest
One day his eldest son asked :
“Mom, where are your parents ? ‘ll See one day ”
Alorsselle remembers his parents, his brothers, his sisters and friends
She would like to see them again and asked the snake permission to see them, but he refuses
As she insists, he replied :
“Well, he said, I’ll let you visit them, but first file this distaff silk ”
And he shows her a spinning wheel
Egle takes the wheel and took it day and night, but the distaff silk does not diminish
She realizes that quenouillée is bewitched : we are not leading , they never come to the end
Egle goes to an old woman known as magician
“Little mother, little flower, if – you – please , tell me how to spin this quenouillée silk ”
The old woman told him what to do :
“Throw it in the fire is the only way to finish”
Back home, she throws it in the oven quenouillée lit to cook the bread
The son of silk fray immediately and Egle see a toad writhing in fire
She had only run the son of silk that the toad was out of his body
Thus was spun the distaff

Egle again begs her husband to allow her to visit her parents
This time it imposes a new test : use a pair of iron shoes
The event is still successful with the magician
But his new request is rejected unless a successful final test
It will bake bread without utensils
The magician is advised to coat the yeast screen , so it will hold water
This time, she finally gets permission to leave
Her husband accompanied him to the seashore and taking leave , he ordered him not to stay in his country over nine days and then return with the children at home :
“When you come back, leave alone with children and unaccompanied arrival at the seaside , call me as follows:
” Zilvinas , dear Zilvinas if you’re alive milk froth , if you’re dead scum blood”
If you see the sea get the milk froth , know that I am alive and if it is the scum of blood is that I killed
And you children , do not tell anyone especially how you have to call me ”

His homecoming raises a great joy
His whole family , his friends , all the neighbors want to meet , especially for questioning about his life with snakes
She did not realize that time passes so quickly
But during this time , his brothers, sisters and parents wonder what they would do to it does not have to leave, and they decide it is necessary to know the name of the husband Eglea and how she called when she returns to the sea
They ask the eldest son , to accompany them in Oak Forest
There they encircle and abuse , but the boy pretended to know nothing
They beat him with rods , but they fail to make him talk
They start leaving home but telling him that he had better not say anything to his mother the second day, they take Ash and Birch third , but they learn nothing from them either
Can they persuade the younger Aspen to follow
First she says she knows nothing, but seeing them out of yards under their jacket, it tells all
Immediately the twelve brothers are false and go to the seaside
On the shore they call ” Zilvinas , dear Zilvinas …”
When it arrives , the men rushed upon him and killed

The nine days have passed and Egle takes leave of his family and goes to the sea and called her husband ” Zilvinas , dear Zilvinas …”
The sea and moves from the bottom Eglé sees waves froth of blood
Then she hears the voice of her husband :
“Your twelve brothers put me in pieces with their false words recognition agreed between us, their were delivered by Tremble , our beloved daughter ”
Egle starts to cry and said to his children :
“What are you shaking like an aspen ,
You aspens day and night,
The rain wash you mouth
The blood you comb the hair
You, my son , make yourself strong trees
I, your mother, I will fir ”
Hardly had she said that it happened : oak, ash and birch became the strongest of our trees
Aspen, even today, began to tremble at the slightest breath of wind ”

Amber legends

Amber is a gemstone whose colors range from golden yellow to dark brown , white completely opaque to translucent honey
It is a fossil resin found mainly in marine sediments on the banks of the Baltic Sea
Legends of the formation of amber are known in the Baltic countries in many versions
Here are the two best known versions
In ancient times , the sea goddess Jurate was a mermaid
Jurate lived in a magnificent palace in amber at the bottom of the Baltic Sea
Kastytis a courageous fisherman living along the coast near the mouth of the river Sventoji often threw his nets into the kingdom of Jurate
Angered by these intrusions, Jurate sent his sirens to warn Kastytis leave its tranquil fish
Ignoring these warnings and indifferent to the charms of mermaids, Kastytis continued to cast his nets and filling fish
Watching the fisherman ‘s catch up in his boat, Jurate noticed Kastytis was beautiful and she admired his courage
Although she is a mermaid, she was not less of a woman and she fell in love with the mortal Kastytis
Jurate took the fisherman and took her to his palace amber
Perkunas , god of thunder and father of all gods, promised Patrimpas , god of water , Jurate that his wife would
He was very angry that the immortal goddess fell in love with a mere mortal
Anger, Perkunas sent a lightning hit the palace Jurate
The palace broke into a thousand pieces and killed Kastytis
Jurate , who shed tears of amber for her beloved Kastytis , was chained to the ruins of his castle in divine punishment
According to legend, when the storm blows in the Baltic Sea , Jurate is tossed in all directions by waves
Even today , the inhabitants of the coast say sobs Jurate crying in the depths can be heard in windy
During storms, waves unleashed into the depths and pieces of amber of his palace dating back to the surface , mixing with the algae then released on the shores of the Baltic Sea


Jurata, Polish seaside resort on the Baltic Sea was built in 1928 for wealthy clients from Warsaw The name of Jurata was selected from the name of Jurate, goddess of the Baltic amber Indeed, Poland willingly shares Baltic myths This proves the presence of the Baltic in Poland upto Germany border


Statue of the Lithuanian goddess Jūratė Jurata in Poland Wikipedia Public Domain Photo: Przemek Jahr

The duty of Helios, god of the sun and light, was to wake the sun
He rushes in heaven every morning on his team of fire to bring light to the land
His son Phaeton, raised by his mother , Clymene , goddess of Oceania, wanting to know his father and wanting to cut short the jeers of his comrades who did not believe in his divine ancestry, forced the gates of the palace of the Sun
Despite the warnings of the dangers for a mortal , Phaeton entered the palace
Recognized as the son of Helios , he obtained permission to drive the chariot of the sun
But frightened by the speed , he quickly lost control and was able to contain the horses to hitch up being too close to the ground, threw himself by burning mountains
The people of Africa became black and immense deserts were formed
The cry of terrified people came to the gods
Demeter, goddess of fertility and Foodland yelled seeing burn his crops
She protested vigorously with Zeus showing him the wheat fields that inflamed
Zeus , the god of gods, to avoid the worst , then threw its rays of lightning to stop the hitch in his mad race
The horses were thrown into the sea and Phaeton , as a flaming torch , then fell into the river Eridanus
The sisters of Phaeton , the Héliades , wept his death for months on the riverfront
Compassionate to the gods changed into poplars so that they can mourn forever
Their golden tears are all drops that still turn into sparkling amber beads

détail du char du soleil 1575 Sala del Mappamondo Villa Farnèse CAPRAROLO Viterbe

Baltic origins
The origin of the Baltic as an exile Valley Gobi people, no doubt in view of its legends
Édenistes the gods of China and Greece are recognized in these legends
Mother goddess, snakes and wild animals is indeed
Nuclear wars Yi and the 10 suns that have transformed the valley of the Gobi desert Gobi are narrated
The horrific wars and Chiyou good or bad giants, are also well represented in these legends
The technological arms , flying and many other fantastic items fortresses are found in édeniste or Atlantean mythology for their enemies

We must also consider that since 4000 these captions are transmitted orally, they have necessarily been enriched by major events that occurred during this period: invasions , wars, Christianity , etc …
But the additions are easily recognizable



money is the human predator
This entry was posted in baltic, dainas, egle, estonia, jurate, kalevipoeg, kastytis, lacplesis, latvia, lituania, meno, perkunas, phaeton, saule, zilvinas. Bookmark the permalink.

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