EARTH IS THE AIM 6 : Exoduses and survivors ; Part 2 : Peoples of the Sea ; Chapter 9 : Large Liguria

EARTH IS THE AIM 6 : Exoduses and survivors

Part 2 : Peoples of the sea

Chapter 9 : Large Liguria



History of Ligurians

Ligurians were a People of the Sea who moved from 3rd to 2nd millennium B.C., after the Venetian in the current actual regions of Piedmont and Liguria


They then advanced westward along the Mediterranean coast up to near Valencia in Spain

They gradually simultaneously annexed inland along river valleys


Their ancient story told by geographers and writers of ancient Greece confirms their Scythian origin and domination on North of Mediterranean Sea


Their advance was halted by the Iberians who gradually pushed them up the Rhone Valley

From the end of the second millennium, their territories have shrunk following the invasions of Celtic populations, Gallic, Phocean , Etruscan, Roman, etc …


Ligurian language

Although we have no text in Ligurian language, we know that this language had proper names and terms mentioned in ancient texts


Herodotus tells us that the word sigynna would have meant ” trader ”

For Pliny the Elder, the Ligurian called the Po Bodincus, which meant “bottomless” and rye was named asia


The Ligurian has affinities with the italicized language and is generally regarded as an Indo-European language


Place names revealed the presence of words in Ligurian origin in the Southern Alps, in the Aosta Valley, Piedmont, Tuscany, Umbria, Lazio, the Languedoc and Roussillon, and the Iberian Peninsula

But also in Sicily, Elym country, in the Rhone Valley and Corsica


The vallée des merveilles

The vallée des merveilles close to Tende, is a massive Mercantour Valley in the Alps, in which were discovered over 40,500 rock carvings and proto-historic petroglyphs of the Bronze Age


It is a Ligurian religious site dating from the 4th millennium BC.

For three thousand years from 4000 years before J.C., Ligurian came there to invoke the heavenly forces

In this impressive landscape are held spectacular and unpredictable storms throughout the year


Mount Bego rising to almost 3000 meters, captures lightning and thus helps to make of this place , the place where you can communicate with the heavenly gods


In addition to the rock engravings dating from – 10000 and more,

there are petroglyphs and menhirs, dating from the time of the Ligurian – 4000


The theme shown most often is the bull, but there are also many depictions of weapons: daggers, axes and halberds

Some anthropomorphic figures have inherited from nicknames like:

The Wizard, the Christ, the Chieftain, the dancer, etc …


The Researches of Henry de Lumley in this site, confirm my theory presented in EARTH IS THE AIM 4, the Tocharian:

Petroglyphs are stylized signs and symbols or pictograms



Vallée des merveilles : The tribal chief.

Wikipedia CC Photo: Philippe Kurlapski



Ligurian Religion

Mount Bego was deified as beneficial because of the waters that descend and terrific by his frequent and violent storms


Emilia Masson, CNRS researcher, specialist of the Hittits writings, said:

“The highest stele shows the union between heaven and earth, the sky is represented as the image of haloed sun that straddles a ladder.

Earth raises his arms to receive the heavenly rain. The two parallel daggers drawn between the divine figures translate their union.

The second episode of the story, the separation of the primordial couple become essential to maintain the cosmic balance is raised using an anthropomorphic picture wielding two knives horizontal.

The third pillar, located at the lowest level, and at the very edge of the stream Wonderland, narrates the victory of the storm god and, through it, the birth of a new world where mortals will intervene. ”


According to the thesis of Jègues-Wolkiewiez, researcher at the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, the hornformes or anthropomorphic symbols carved by the ancients would have a cosmic meaning

The Valley of Wonders is a giant observatory

At that time, the sun rose in the constellation of Taurus, which is found abundantly in the petroglyphs


It is true that the Ligurian are equipped like other Atlanteans with the major god: the god of the storm



Ligurian megaliths

Ligurian digging large common graves:

The tombs, of long form , are deep trenches maintained and covered with slabs, accessible by stairs

The monument is backfilled and covered by a mound of earth

It could house 50 to 200 dead

This is very similar to the monumentals funeral Etruscan cities, other People of the Sea


In small villages, they practiced individual burial in a shuttering stones in a field reserved for the deceased


The tradition was to bury the deceased with his favorite objects or weapons, but never with the tooling used to build or dig these graves

It was abandoned in the embankment


They also built dolmens on the burial sites

These are large rooms with stone walls, with paved floors and ceilings

Later, the dolmens were reused as funeral monuments and were then covered by a mound of earth


Ligurian Technology

Archaeology proves the rapid technological dévellopment of Ligurian populations from 4000 to 2000 years BC.


The floors are cleared for developing agriculture and livestock, mainly sheep

It also provides production of related products:

The skins and wool

Ligurian know spin and weave, like all Peoples of the Sea


They are also builders: we found many large rectangular houses, with thick stone walls bound by a clay mortar


They also know beer , metallurgy, copper and bronze, pottery, and all the technical progress of Atlantean populations from Asia


Ligurian and Etruscan

Industrial and commercial complementarity of the Peoples of Sea ensures their supremacy over northern Mediterranean basin for more than two millennia, the 4th at the end of the 2nd


If the Ligurian took to the river plains is to harvest timber

This precious wood that they will deliver to the marine ports, for resale to Etruscan, shipbuilders


Greek writers attest:

“The country is heavily wooded … they cut wood all day long provided powerful and heavy axes”


“They amount of wood that can be used for shipbuilding, huge trees that have up to 8 feet (2 meters 50) in diameter, and quantity of richly veined own wood to make beautiful tables (walnut) ”



Apart from necessary dive understanding between different ethnic groups, this also implies developed logistics for the transport and transactions


The 10th of the 12 works of Heracles

For his tenth labor, Hercules must visit the island Erythrie, the current Cadiz, Andalusia, to steal the herd of cattle of Geryon, son of the Titan Oceanus, king of Tartessos, and bring it to Eurystheus at Mycenae


Heracles went through Libya to reach the western end of the Mediterranean, where Atlas supports the celestial sphere

Passing on the European continent, while still welded to Africa, he suddenly strikes the ground with his fists and triggers an earthquake

The earth is torn and two rock pillars since called the Pillars of Hercules, emerge from each side of the strait:

The promontory of Abyla Ceuta in Morocco and Mount Calpe in Gibraltar

This allows Atlantic waters waters flowing into the Mediterranean, causing the flood in the Black Sea

See EARTH IS THE AIM 1 , Eden and China’s gods


This also allows us to date the labors of Hercules:

There are about 6900 years


Arriving in Erythrie, Heracles perceives the huge herd of cattle kept by a two-headed dog and a dragon with seven mouths

With two sledgehammer, he kills the two-headed monster

Then he sent seven arrows to the seven mouths of the dragon who dies immediately

Warned by his cowherd Ménoitès, Geryon who had three heads and six hands, heading straight for the thief

Heracles take again his bow and plant a poisoned arrow in the middle of the forehead of each of the three heads


After many adventures, the hero arrives at Mycenae with almost all the flock of Geryon

Eurystheus seeing the beauty of the herd decides to sacrifice the oxen in honor of Hera

Thus ends the 10th labor of Heracles


The Heraclean way

Encyclopedia Daremberg and Saglio 1877, describes the return of Heracles, in particular out of translations of ancient Greek writers:

“To leave the island of Erythia Heracles sailed again with the horse he won on the cut of the Sun, and makes it after tackling the continent. He continues his journey across the continent, pushing ahead the herd; it first passes through Iberia and Celtic, where Alesia is a foundation of the hero; in the deserted area of Crau, east of the mouth of the Rhone, it has to undergo a terrible fight against Ligyens; his arrows were exhausted and himself about to faint from fatigue, Zeus dropped a shower of stones which serve to complete victory. He crossed the Alps, Liguria repels the attack of two son of Poseidon, and Alébion Derkymos who want to rob him of his cows through Etruria, arrived in Rome, where he overcomes Cacus reaches the Cuma area where it supports a struggle against the Giants in the Campi Flegrei, built the causeway that once separated the sea Lake Avernes and Lucrins. Around Rhegium, one of his bulls escaped and drags after him in Sicily, which is full of his exploits and memories. ”


Thus the land route used by Heracles was called: The Heraclean way

In reality, even if it is not a highway, it is a dirt road enough used to allow chariots crossing


10th labor of Hercules

Wikipedia CC map: O H 237


We can see on this map the first part of the route from Cadiz to Ostia, the Heraclean way, and the second from Ostia to Mycenae via Sicily


Ligurian and Iberian

Given its ancieneté, this road has not been built by the People of the Sea

But the Iberians and the Ligurian have certainly expanded and maintained it to ensure the cohesion of economic relations between the Peoples of the Sea


The bold techniques used to cross the highest reliefs, will be “Admirated by the Gods” said Silius Italicus


Necessary way, long before the Roman world were being implanted in these regions, the Ligurian and Iberian hold an absolute monopole on all Land traffic on South of Spain, France, Italy, Balkans and Greece



money is the human predator
This entry was posted in 10th work of Heracles, Heraclean way, Heracles, Iberian, Large Liguria, Liguria, Vallée des merveilles. Bookmark the permalink.

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