Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 18: Cities states and small kingdoms

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 18: Cities states and small kingdoms
Posted February 5, 2011

Head of a king, unknown … One of the many kings, one of countless city-states of the third millennium …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 18: Cities states and small kingdoms


Kingdoms and city states
We will now go around the field colonial Indo-European, or Aryan, East Valley Thar and south of the Ikshvaku Colonized this vast area, ranging from Pakistan to the Mediterranean and will consist primarily of counters which will gradually become city states and kingdoms But from the moment the motherland, in the valley of the Thar, in the aftermath of nuclear war against the édenistes Yi, will lose its authority, the autonomy of the kingdoms and city states will come true … But this autonomy of the feudal system will be, and wars will follow one another, each wanting to unify the territories for the benefit …


Text fragments were found at the site of the former Meturan, modern Tell Haddad, we confirm that his death Gilgamesh was buried under the waters of the Euphrates River which had been temporarily diverted from its bed


Uruk covered an area of 400 hectares In April 2003, German archaeologists believe to have found the tomb of King Gilgamesh In the middle of the old course of the Euphrates, we see the remains of a building that could be the tomb The magnetogram allows the observation of magnetization differences between the bricks and sediments, thus designing the city map It shows a sophisticated system of canals, which was tell archaeologists qu’Uruk was a Venice in the desert, as the cities of the valley of Thar … The existence of these channels also explains how the river was diverted to build the tomb in bed Gilgamesh seems to have really existed They found that the king list mentions, but also documents that confirm the existence of other monarchs associated with it: the kings and Agga of Kish Enmebaragesi Gilgamesh probably ruled around 2700 BC His epic, the oldest of mankind, was written on clay tablets in cuneiform Akkadian language in Babylon to – 2000 BC According to the Sumerian king list, Gilgamesh was the fifth king of Uruk and reigned one hundred and twenty to six years

Gilgamesh and Heracles

The Epic of Gilgamesh, king of Uruk and the myth of Hercules, the orders of Hera, have much in common Gilgamesh is two-thirds god and one third human, he made a series of works which were to lead to immortality Heracles, guided by Hera, is half god and half man, and he must perform 12 works that will also lead to immortality On one of the cylinders found in Uruk, if the man shown seated rose, it would be much larger than the other 2 It would be a giant … The giants of the bible, gods are running backs, both among the Atlanteans than in édenistes … And texts are not lacking, in one or the other, candidates wishing to acquire running backs gods immortality of the gods


The Ehursag, house-mountain, is a square building of a base 55 feet square, southeast of the shrine of Nanna, the center of the city The royal palace is composed of a large courtyard that opens onto the throne room This palace was home to Ur-Nammu and Shulgi It became a sanctuary when they were deified Southeast of the palace are the mausoleums where kings are buried two of the 3rd Dynasty This is Shulgi who built this building It was to be his mausoleum, and a vaulted tomb was designed to accommodate his remains Amar-Sin had built new shrines Near the Ehursag was uncovered, a set of 400 tablets, printed with footprints cylinder seals They date from the 3rd millennium BC One of them is banded aragonite and is a banquet scene Another is made of lapis lazuli and is the god Shamash A third, aragonite orange, has a fight scene These would be the archives of the temple of the moon god Nanna, tutelary deity of the city They mention agricultural estates, possessions of the temple These texts mention lugal, King, and ensino, Vicar There are also seals in the name of the cities of Sumer, found on pieces of clay used to seal jars or doors

The Royal Tombs of Ur

In Ur, we found the royal tombs of kings and Meskalamdug Akalamdug, who ruled around – 2600 There are over 1800 graves in an area of 50 x 70 meters, dating from the XXVIth XXIIIrd century BC The graves are not robbed of a rich The sovereigns are buried with their servants We had 78 in the tomb of King RT 789, with five oxen pulling two carriages A Akalamdug, RT 1080, they are 40 A Pu-abi, RT 800, there are 17 and two oxen In the well of death, RT 1237, they are 74 The dead are richly dressed The soldiers in combat gear and musicians are buried with their instruments The arrangement of the body shows no disorder, suggesting that they died voluntarily or drugged The objects found in royal tombs confirm their high-tech in jewelery and metallurgy There’s luxury tableware, fine weapons, like daggers of gold, a chariot of respect that we could go back, statues, cylinder seals, etc. … There is a wooden lyre decorated with a bull’s head A sculpture representing a goat clinging to a bush which he eats the leaves, which measures 42 cm high It is made of wood overlaid with gold, lapis lazuli, silver, pearl and other materials There is also a gold helmet The ornament of Queen Pu-abi is made with a diadem of gold leaf, with decorations in gold, lapis lazuli, carnelian and other precious stones In the tomb PG 779 is the standard of Ur, exhibited at the British Museum in London It is 20 cm high by 47 long It is pearl with lapis lazuli There are two main panels, which were named War and Peace “War” is a battle scene from the Sumerian army There are four-wheeled wagons drawn by wild asses, soldiers wearing protective clothing and foot soldiers with swords or axes The panel also shows the wounded and prisoners naked, presented to the King “Peace” portrays a banquet scene There are meat, fish and other products The figures are seated and a musician plays the lyre

The Sumerian ziggurat

A ziggurat is a pyramid shaped building storey rectangular base It comprises three to seven platforms The ziggurat was oriented in the position of stars and constellations The ziggurat of 7 floors, had a base of about 90 meters wide and a height of nearly 100 meters It was a spectacular monuments with its colorful walls with glazed brick siding These ziggurats, surprisingly similar to Mayan pyramids … For the record, the Mayans are very related to Tocharian, one of the two components of the Aryans, see the third part of this book … There are about thirty known in Babylonia They are built in the center of city states Sippar in the north is home to the shrine of the sun god Shamash Ur in the south is home to the moon god, Sin Uruk is dedicated to the goddess Ishtar Babylon, the most impressive, worships the god Marduk The ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil is located 40 km southeast of Susa in Iran A Hard-Sharrukin today Khorsabad, the four lower floors of the ziggurat were painted white, black, pink and blue The top three floors were also stained The Tower of Babel was probably a ziggurat, although it is often represented later, probably wrongly, with a circular base

Ras Ibn Hani

Ras Ibn Hani, 5 kilometers southwest of Ras Shamra, the kingdom of Ugarit, we found the remains of two royal palaces The site has now been excavated on the sixth of its terrain In addition to the palace, there are also residential areas The city was built of stone, and found there a vast literature in cuneiform tablets Another interest of this discovery is that the tablets are written in several languages, which confirms the density of exchanges between city states and kingdoms


Ugarit, now Ras Shamra, was the main port of the Mediterranean kingdom of Ugarit in Syria The king who directs was chosen by the gods Despite its importance, more than 25 hectares, the site has been very little researched, and we know little about this city so important before 1800 BC It was deemed a port through which transited wine, olive oil, textiles, dyes, wood, copper and other metals Homes, a floor area of 50 m2 to 500 m2 more, generally included a floor for housing, the ground floor is reserved for the storage and business activities and crafts They consisted of wells and pipelines for water supply and sewage disposal We thus find in Ugarit, as in almost all state cities, the Thar valley to the Mediterranean, the same architectural characteristics and social … The merchants were men of the king, in the service of the royal palace, but they could also do business on their own account Independent dealers, local or foreign, had settled in Ugarit They also exercised financial activity and were even ready … They were organized into corporations or rather family clan, and had correspondents in other commercial centers, the middle east to India At Ugarit we found documents in eight languages and four different scripts … The craft of Ugarit was famous for pottery and ceramics, but also for the metal, silverware, the realization of ivory, textiles and the development of glassy materials


Alalakh, today Tell Acana, is a site of Turkey, on the river Orontes, near the northern border of Syria, which claims to this territory Site investigations have identified an occupation beginning at about – before 3400 J.-C The royal palace is dated from around – 2400 Been discovered large batches of tablets that telling us about the political and economic life of the kingdom of Alalakh But not on religious life … Umma Umma, modern Tell Djokha, had a productive agriculture as it had a sophisticated irrigation system The city is far from the Tigris and Euphrates, it was necessary to build a whole system of canals They were broad enough to allow boats to come ashore at karum, wearing


Many temples were built in the city, which was the tutelary deity Shara The site has never been officially excavated Numerous texts from Umma come from illegal excavations The remains of this city, such as the city of Ur, were looted during the war in Kuwait The oldest kings Aga is known, which lists the name of a pearl lapis lazuli This would be the last king of the first dynasty of Kish, to – 2585 BC The ongoing war between Lagash and Umma, about the limits of their common border, will last until the annexation to Sargon of Akkad – 2300 BC


The Marhashi is a kingdom of Iran, between Elam and the Indus Valley The peak of its influence is between 2600 and 1700 BC approximately. The archives of the kingdom of Elam tells us that the Marhashi had trade relations with the kingdoms of the Thar valley but also with the Mesopotamian kingdoms and even to the distant kingdom of Dilmun The kingdom is an exporter of semi-precious stones such as soapstone, chlorite, agate, carnelian, lapis lazuli The Marhashi is also known for trade in domesticated animals such as sheep, bears, dogs, monkeys, elephants and zebu

Small kingdoms and city states of the third millennium

The list of city states and small kingdoms does not stop there … It is very difficult to find in this web in perpetual motion … For example, the city-state of Lagash, who after having been an independent kingdom, became an important city of the kingdom of Akkad The kingdom of Awan, after being annexed by the kingdom of Elam, is finally a province of Akkad … We meet in front of colonial trading, relatively independent of the motherland, and in direct commercial competition with its neighbors So when the motherland would collapse and the result is a fierce feudal system …

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 17: Cities of the Gods

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 17: Cities of the Gods
Published on December 17 2010

The lion copper lions at the temple in Mari in the 2nd millennium BC


Book Two: The People

Part 4: The Indo-European
Chapter 17: Cities of the Gods

Counters Valley Thar
Arrived from space, and the Scythian Aryans settled in the valley of the Thar
The Scythians as Aryan ethnic groups are Aryan or Indo-European, and therefore of the Atlantis
After the war of Yi that devastated the valley of the Thar, the Scythians went on Ikshvaku and Aryan fled to Northwind they had created in the Middle East
The Aryans were able to install their factories in areas easy to win for them, because local people were still in the Neolithic
It should however avoid conflicts with the Hattis, édenistes and Sumerian, Atlantean, which would certainly have their posed more problems
The main counters were Wassugammi, capital of the Mitanni, the Hittites to Hattusas, Alaca Huyuk, Alalakh, Ugarit, Byblos, Babylon, Assyria, Susa, Kabnak, Meturan, Dilmun, Ekallâtum, Larsa, Isin, Uruk, Babylon, Chogha Zanbil Eshnunna, Aleppo, Mari, Qatna, Ras Ibn Hani and many others, since there are more than a thousand, known …

Cities of the Gods
The founder of the counter, and sent representatives of Aryan Valley Thar is a god
The counter takes his name
His house later became the temple or it will be worshiped as tutelary deity of the city and its territory
This god is the king of the city, and its load is transmitted by inheritance
At every coronation of a new king is proclaimed “God is King! ”
In all counters, became kingdoms, and whatever their size, the same principles are applied
In all these counters, liturgical narratives found, explain that the gods created humans to become their servant
Subsequently, the god owns the city will be deified and worship will be returned
This god will grant the monarchy, then a person worthy to succeed him … with the approval of the priests
He will be responsible for maintenance of temples, defense, and especially new territorial conquests …

The king establishes the amount of taxes
He directs the Authority’s levy
It ensures the smooth running of the worship of gods
He leads the army and justice
He began the great work
Ministers of the help perform these tasks
The kingdom is growing more and more the system becomes more complex

Realms of the Gods
Each city-state was independent, had its own deity and his government
The first written texts dating from – 3400 to -2900 BC, are administrative documents and lists
The use of cuneiform writing for administration and accounting, provides information on their rights and legal codes, including that of Hammurabi, and their contracts are sophisticated commercial

Cities such as kingdoms have in common irrigation techniques, agriculture and livestock, brick construction
This is the time of the sanctuaries of brick ziggurats, pyramids storey
They manufacture of ceramics, pottery and gold work fine
Their industry uses copper and cast iron, but iron, since it is part of steel
The Damascus steel was already built by the Hittites in – 2500, the Neolithic, while the Iron Age, according to scientists not begin until official – 1000 …

The city-states forge alliances between them to control as much territory as possible
Some take the head of the alliance will … or force
Over the kingdom grows, the more allies Schedule
Grows over the kingdom, and his patron god becomes strong

The city-states of Sumer
The city-states of Sumer, see the book first, the fifth part: the Atlanteans, Chapters 16 and 17, installed since – 4000, no longer the same unit …
After – 3000, they are constantly fighting each other to lead the kingdom …
The main cities are Uruk, Ur, Eridu, Nippur, Kish and Lagash

They are now in direct competition with former Aryans counters
They have become city-states with the arrival of refugees from the valley of the Thar
The independent Sumerian city-states became more vulnerable
They will fall prey to the kingdom or city-state’s dominant time

The great kingdoms
Period – 3000 – 1000, will become the period of the great kingdoms
The main kingdoms are: Canaan, Urartu, the kingdom Hurrian, Mitanni, the Hittite kingdom, Assyria, Akkad, Babylonia, Elam, Dilmun, etc. …

All these great kingdoms will use the time in their history to try to unify …
Of course, all want to be the unifying …
But neither the city states, kingdoms or small, will not accept these desires annexation
So alliances in betrayals, wars will succeed …

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 16: The Amorite and Aramaic

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 16: The Amorite and Aramaic
Posted November 27, 2010

Hammurabi, the sixth ruler of the Amorite dynasty of Babylon about BC -1750 …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 16: The Amorite and Aramaic


Anatolia was occupied by the seventh millennium Hattis
The Hatti kingdom, has three main ethnic groups: the Amorite, and the Aramaic mnouchs The mnouchs leave the North oest of Anatolia, fleeing the flood Drawn together by their patriarch Manu, they go to India Anatolia was occupied by the third millennium the Phoenicians and Hattis The Hatti kingdom, has two main ethnic groups: the Amorite and the Aramaic The Amorite occupy the center of Anatolia The Aramaic occupy the northern and eastern Anatolia The Phoenicians occupied the western Anatolia, the Mediterranean coast

The Amorite

The Amorite édeniste are a people, known to Sumerians and Phoenicians, with whom they practice trade Driven by the Hittite invasion, from the mid-third millennium, they take refuge in Mesopotamia Towards the end of the third millennium, they piece together a powerful nation who will contend the sovereignty of the kings of Ur in Mesopotamia In an attempt to stop them, Shulgi, king of Ur, built a wall between the Tigris and Euphrates This alone will not stop them In the early twentieth century BC the Amorite settle in the cities of Larsa, Isin, Uruk, Babylon, Eshnunna, Ekallatum, Aleppo, Mari, Qatna, and other smaller cities The period from 2000 to 1595 was marked by rivalry between different kingdoms Amorite The archives found at the site of Mari tell the story of this period In the seventeenth century BC. AD, they will be conquered by the new Hittite

Religion of the Amorite

The god Amurru, Martu in Sumerian, was the god of the Amorite It was their chief god, ancestor and founder of the Amorite The other principal deities were Amorite Adad / Hadad, the storm god, Dagan, god of the earth, Enlil, Ea, Shamash, Sin and Ishtar

Amorite language

The Amorite adopted the lifestyle and language of Mesopotamian They have kept their names These names are composed of short sentences, which helped Amorite language akin to the Semitic language family This language is very strongly related to Aramaic, which is normal in terms of population Hattis Hebrew is the same case, which is understandable, since the emigrants Hattis south-east will become Hebrew The Phoenician, Ugaritic and Canaanite, also have much in common, which is explained by their geographical proximity and trade relations important

The Aramaeans

The Aramaic édeniste are a people, people in the kingdom of Aram King Naram-Sin of Akkad, from -2255 to -2218, we talk about it in its archives In the Bible, is mentioned five times: Aram-Naharaim Which means: Aram of two rivers, certainly the Tigris and Euphrates Driven by the Hittite invasion, from the mid-third millennium, they take refuge in the south-eastern Anatolia, in the city of Haran According to rabbinic tradition, it would be the birthplace of Abraham In any case the city where he led them to Canaan – 1800 From that time, the Aramean who follow him will be called: the Hebrew The Hebrew word, meaning: those who pass, that is to say nomads After the fall of the Hittite empire, to – 1200, Arameans settled again in northern Mesopotamia, Syria and Lebanon The

Aramaic language

Aramaic is a Semitic language considered The Sefer Ha Zohar, the book of splendor, the major work of Jewish Kabbalah, written in Spain in the thirteenth century, is written in Aramaic The third century BC. AD to 650 AD. AD was the main written language of the Middle East The sixth century BC. BC, Aramaic was the administrative language of the Persian Empire Aramaic was the language spoken in Palestine in Jesus’ Aramaic is the language most likely to Adam and Eve …

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 15: The Hattis

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 15: The Hattis
Posted November 9, 2010

Hattusha, the capital of Hatti …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 15: The Hattis

History of Hattis

The Hattis lived in Anatolia in the days of Eden, based édenistes arrived at the end of Würm III, to – 10,000 BC They were used as labor to édenistes Adam and Manu were tribal leaders hatti It is said that Hattis disappeared Population does not disappear, except total genocide, which is almost never happened There are always some individuals who manage to flee and escape … We can summarize their story: In – 6951, Adam was born In – 6776, Adam was expelled from the Garden of Eden In – 4900, reduces the flood area to the north of present borders of the Black Sea in Turkey and swallowed up the Garden of Eden (see Book I, Part 3: The édenistes) From 2000 BC, the Hittite annexed the southern Anatolia It should be noted that the Hittite, Atlantean people, do not try to annex the north for fear of starting a war against the édenistes

The Hattis south, invaded and defeated, took refuge in Haran in northwest Mesopotamia, east of Ugarit There, Abraham will gather them to – 1800, and take them in search of new territory From that moment, the Hattis will become the Hebrew According to the Bible, Abraham would be lowered to Ur of the Chaldees, and then would have returned to Haran, to begin his journey to the promised land At present this part of the journey does not seem historically plausible, while the departure from Haran is attested If it is indeed unlikely that Hattis be lowered to Ur, it is conceivable that Abraham will be made either alone or with a small group, to realize the possibility of settling the Chaldees Having found it impossible, he could join his compatriots to Haran and took them to the east … The Hattis north, weakened by the departure of the populations of the south, will be absorbed by the people of northern Black Sea, which will gradually invade this region They thus become part of their conquerors

Mythology hatti
The Hittite sent us hatti mythology in cuneiform We speak particularly of the moon fell from the sky, direct reference to the arrival of édenistes One that corresponds directly to the divinities is the goddess édenistes Wurushemu Hatt and his companion the sun-god of the sky Eshtan Wurushemu is the mother goddess and wildlife and wife of the chief gods, the sun god … We find ourselves in familiar territory … There is also a storm god, Taru Wurunkatte is the god of war Inara is the genius of the city Hattusha, capital of Hattis Halmasuit is the goddess throne Kunzanisu is the goddess of the moon

The Hattis

They are past the Neolithic – 10 000, the Bronze Age – 7000! No doubt they were helped by the gods édenistes … Because at that time they already mastered the metallurgy of copper! They also used lead … They made pottery glossy clear They lived in square houses with 2 floors The dead are buried under houses Hattis princely graves testify to the wealth and development of their civilization In – about 6000 BC, the Hattis had already developed a large urban cities with Nerik, Zippalanda, Catal-Huyuk Çayönü, Göbekli, Nevali-Cori, Hacilar, Asikli-Huyuk, Can-Hasan, Cafer-Huyuk Curkurent , Hattoush, Nesa / Kanesh Koussara, Zalpa, etc. … The city of Nesa, known then and now Kanesh Kültepe, is a site that has found numerous tablets which are business records, but also ceramics, female idols of stone and many other objects dating from the third millennium Outside Kültepe Catal-Huyuk and the excavations which have only recently begun, there are still many places to visit and search And certainly, we still have much to discover and learn about … The Hattis


Çatalhöyük, the hill of the range, is located in the plain of Konya in central Anatolia It is a Neolithic site that was discovered by J. Mellaart, British archaeologist, in 1958 Its population was estimated between 8,000 and 10,000 inhabitants The lifestyle there was equal There was no social class and women and men had equal status They buried their dead in the basement of houses All houses are juxtaposed and accessible through an opening that doubled as a breakdown There are no streets The dating of houses ranges from – to about 9000 years – 5000 BC

The walls are made of mud brick decorated with paintings The reasons are buxom women, a woman giving birth, a woman sitting on a throne surrounded by wild animals, men riding a bull, men with erect phallus There are also geometric motifs and stylized Some panels depict scenes of hunting or vultures devouring headless bodies In many houses have been found bulls heads They practice agriculture Cultures are based on the production of wheat, barley, flax, peas, chickpeas, lentils, vetch, apples, pistachios, berries, almonds, etc … Given the dry climate, this agricultural production requires irrigation system … They had pets and supplemented their hunting needs with The craft was highly developed there They industrially produced pottery and obsidian tools They mastered the copper smelting They made arrowheads, spearheads, daggers of obsidian and flint, stone maces, stone figurines and clay, dishes made of wood, ceramics, jewelry, beads and pendants made of copper and even textiles … The city also included an important activity of international trade over long distances It was a clearinghouse for wood, obsidian, flint, copper, shells All this in – 6000, there are over 8000 years …

The Hattis, people édeniste
The Hattis, original inhabitants of Anatolia, at least from – 10 000 BC, are a people édeniste So why this chapter is it placed in the fourth part of this book: the Indo-European? In fact, I’ve already talked about in the book Hattis first and second in this book, when the history of Hebrew and roma And now as we unfold the history of Indo-European, after having followed the valley of the Thar, then Ikshvaku, after following the Scythians and their wanderings, we will discuss the history of Indo-European city-states of Middle East It was therefore necessary to make an inventory prior to see what the Indo-European to find in this region A more detailed history of Hattis, seemed therefore a necessary pre-

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 14: The European

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 14: The European

Published August 16, 2010

The Thracian gold is as beautiful as that of the Scythian …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 14: The European

History of the Scythian

Arrived from space, the Scythians settled in the valley to the Thar – 4000 Then they went to – in Ishkvaku 2000, driven by nuclear wars Yi Valley Thar Towards – 1700, part of the Scythian, the Sakas Taradaya rooted themselves in Russia From – 1500 BC, population pressure becomes too great and they have to conquer new lands But from the moment they crossed the Black Sea, we no longer talk of Scythian, but Thracian and later Europeans

The conquest of the West

The main engine of economic conquest is You have to feed a growing population And we know that the neighbor’s grass is greener … A military conquest is first: to impose its laws and culture But the real conquest, one that will perpetuate the military conquest, it is agricultural expansion A farmer who never enough land, the advance in agriculture can be several kilometers per year And the annexation is perennial … From the East, the conquests thus will head west …

The Europe

Therefore see the current situation of Europe at about – 2000 South, Anatolia, Bulgaria, Greece, Crete and Mycenae are occupied by édenistes No way to rub them, if they are stronger, at least as strong as the Scythian Atlantean Farther south, the land is occupied by the Etruscans on all coasts of the Adriatic Sea to Italy to Andalusia The Magyars occupied the south-central coast to coast Etruscan Greek Both are allies of Atlantis While to the west, a wide band of coastal land, from Germany to Portugal, any more than Great Britain and Ireland, are occupied by kelts The kelts are the largest and strongest nations of Atlantis However, do not forget the inclusion of the Basque territory kelt The Basques are an ethnic Atlantean Not necessarily allies, because unlike kelts and their triskell, they display the swastika with 4 branches But this opposition must still be on Indeed, the Basque swastika has 4 branches such as the rounded triskell This is not the swastika in Vedic straight legs … North east is the Finnish allies Atlantean North, the Swedish peninsula, Denmark and northern Germany, are the territories of the vanes and ases The vanes are édenistes Ases are the Atlantean This is the only place on earth where édenistes and the Atlanteans are allies And this alliance is strong and has lasted over 2000 years! The center of Europe is occupied by local tribes not involved in the confrontation édenistes / Atlantean

The Thracian

The Thracians occupy the center of Europe and form the only large entity capable of alloying with Scythian invaders to mingle with them They have everything to gain … From the second millennium BC. AD, we no longer speak of the Scythians in Europe They are similar to Thracian and will thus be able to continue their conquest of new territories The Scythian will give them their culture and technology Gold jewelry and burials in tomb-like kurgan, accompanied megaliths gradually as one approaches the kelts confirm the contribution of the Thracians Scythian

The European

Everything is now in place to build Europe All Europe is occupied by nations large enough to qualify for the name of civilization But all these nations are actually composed of small feudal units all who aspire to supreme power, the master of Europe, and even the world … 4000 year will start melting pot From one war, alliances, betrayals in the Europe of today will form …

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 13: The Scythians of the Altai

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 13: The Scythians of the Altai
Published August 11, 2010

The tattoo of a Scythian mummy of Altai …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 13: The Scythians of the Altai

The gold of the Scythians

The number of kurgans known in Russia and in the plains of the Altai, is estimated at over 5000 We think there are at least as much to discover … Each kurgan contains or has contained, before looting, 1 to 10 kgs of gold The Scythian gold can then be estimated at several hundred tons of gold … To extract the same quantity, it is more gold panning, but industry … It should be mine, personnel, equipment, organization of transport, an army of protection, a secure storage area, a payment system for trade, etc. …

The archaeologists Scythian

Technology and logistics manufacturing jewelry, clothing and other objects, is known to the civilizations of the Valley and the Thar Ishkvaku, of – 4000 – 2000 BC But for objects that come in the Scythian kurgans, archaeologists can not say they are as old as they have dated – to 200 – 600 … So how did the Scythians, according to them, to have all these beautiful objects, in these quantities, to be buried in kurgans? Because for archaeologists, are nomadic Scythian barbarians, whom they barely recognize the ability of horse breeder …

Technology of the  Scythian

The Scythians are buried with magnificent gold jewelry, silver, etc. … To produce such a quantity of jewelery, goldsmiths there must be grouped in a city … They also wore sumptuous clothing, everything for which a specialized industry is necessary, especially when they are adorned with large quantities of gold beads and jewelry … Found in kurgans fabric drapes beautifully décoréees, but also wool rug with 4000 nodes square inch … All this technology displayed by the Scythians, is incompatible with nomadism It is compulsory to a fixed organization and consists of a central city The skilled craftsmen capable of creating such art objects, you must feed them, house them, etc …

Scythian cities

The concept of city-states of the Thar valley, then the Ishkvaku, then rebuilt in Russia and the Altai Plain, is ideal for logistics of this civilization So where are the Russian cities Scythian and Altai? This is the point which remains obscure, and it would be interesting to field archaeologists to examine A hypothesis to be confirmed, that would Scythian cities of Russia and Siberian plains of the Altai, less well built than the Ishkvaku, which were already less well built than the Thar valley, have been looted and destroyed by barbarians from the north – 200 BC It therefore remains for archaeologists today that the traces of destruction and passing nomads, and the kurgans, witnesses of the era of Scythian …

The Scythians of the Altai

When the Scythian leave Ikshvaku, from – 2000 BC, one of them goes to Russia Some stay in the region of Samarkand Another important group goes north to Siberia now, in the plains of the Altai The Persians called the Scythians: the Sakas The Haumavarka Sakas, Scythians are the Siberian The Sakas are so named in the Avesta, the sacred book of religion Mazdean The 21 Gathas, the sacred books of the Avesta, is written as the Rig Veda, Vedic Sanskrit This sets a date for the writing of the Avesta: Before – 1500 BC The Chinese specify, in the second century BC, the land of Sakas Haumavarka begin north of Lake Issyk-Kul, in Kyrgystan Ptolemy says that the Scythian tribes living in the Hindukush were only the southern fringe of Scythian world That’s right, because it is in the valley of the Altai, south of Western Siberia, between Lake and Lake Balkash Balkaï, found the Siberian Scythian kurgans

The Scythian kurgans

History confirms that from – 2000 BC, explores some of the Scythian Russia then settles At the same time, another part of the Scythian explores the plains of the Altai, and then settles As shown in the map of kurgans, the two communities are remote from 4 to 7000 km Yet, the funeral rites observed during 1800 years were the same, despite the distance and time, for Scythian as those of Russia’s Altai! Considering the empirical dating archaeologists, kurgans were the preserve of Scythian – 600 – 200 BC Unfortunately for them, they were rattrappés by technology: the carbon-14 dating! They were forced to recognize that kurgans were at least – 1000 BC! They managed to block that date, by not considering older objects, or considering them as reported … They went so far as to say that before – 600, were not Scythian, but proto-Scythian, or names like culture, followed by the name of the place or the name of the archaeologist! To protect the official theory of Aryan invasion, they are ready for any tricks … But of course, when two communities are separated by 7000 km for 1800 years, and they always have an identical culture, unless they have kept the radio and visited regularly by air, it is that it was the same strain at the start …

The menhirs of Altai
Megaliths and petroglyphs are the prerogative of Tocharian The Scythians are characterized by kurgans From certain kurgans we find menhirs Some kurgans are also organized as dolmens This demonstrates that Tocharian neighbor of Mongolia have joined their allies in the Atlantis Scythian plains of the Altai

The kurgans of Altai

As in Russia, there are thousands of kurgans, and few have been excavated It certainly remains much to discover, given 1800 years of occupancy The main known kurgans of Altai are: Pazyryk, Arzhan, Ak-Alacha, Aldy Bej, Maiemir, Tukta, Bashadar, Sayan-Altai, Kazanov, Olon Kurin Gol Karasuk, Tagar, Khystaglar, Kosh Agash, Erba, Li Kitai, Barsuchij Log, Bjisk, Shike, Kudyrge, Katanda, Beludra, Gol and Ojgor Ukok


Pazyryk on the Ukok plateau in the Altai Mountains, south of Novosibirsk is located near the borders with China, Kazakhstan and Mongolia The archaeologist Rudenko practiced there from 1920 excavations that helped to discover 40 tombs kurgans for 1929 The embalmed bodies of the dead were mummified by the weather They rested in coffins dugout larch whose covers were decorated The permafrost has excellent storage for leather goods, wood and textiles: clothing, carpets and harnesses All objects have decorations in gold, silver, horn or leather, in the Scythian Animal Style A body was accompanied by ten chestnut stallions, two Ferghana They wore leather masks decorated with panthers, deer and dragons These masks were topped with golden antlers of deer The Assyrians decorated their horses the same way Among the remarkable objects, they found a removable wooden chariot, whose pieces were worked to turn, and decorated with four figures swan made of felt But also two exceptional carpets The first, of felt, measuring almost 30 square meters and represents a goddess sitting before a rider holding a tree of life The scene is repeated several times, like the wallpaper The second, 2m x 1,90 m, knotted wool, has nearly four thousand square decimeter knots!


North of Tuva, in the plain of Arzhan, it was discovered hundreds of kurgans, forming parallel lines One of them was over 100 m in diameter The burial chambers were supported with trunks of larch There were found many clothes and gold items As always, there are horses buried with the men and beautiful saddles and harnesses enhanced with gold decoration A stool found, is decorated on the sides of large plates or representing a fish We even found, within a kurgan, a grave reservation to a wooden horse One of the most notable graves, consisted of one room beams larch, 2.60 mx 2.40 m, contained within a larger room, 5 mx 4.50 m, like dolls Russian … The burial chamber housed a 40 to 45 and a 30 to 35 years The double burial contained about 9,300 items, not counting the beads, which are gold 5700 Most objects accompanying them, except two bronze mirrors, were originally on the walls Near his head, was found four horses with legs bent and a deer, all decorated with gold inlay enamel His coat was adorned with more than 2,500 gold figurines Panthers He wore leather pants decorated with thousands of tiny gold beads It had leather boots lined with gold He was armed with an iron dagger with a gold handle, in a wooden sheath When restoring the barrel, it was discovered he was hiding two iron daggers His other weapons, bows, carqouis, arrowheads, whip, were north of the burial chamber All weapons were elaborately decorated For the woman who was near him, it was as richly dressed and adorned with lavish garments and many jewels She wore a necklace made of beads garnet, malachite, gold, turquoise and glass paste Personal belongings were disposed west of the burial chamber This was especially the dishes, a wooden cup with a handful of gold, a golden comb with wooden teeth, a stone incense burner, a bronze cup in a leather case and a breastplate of gold animal style


It found 6 kurgans The great Ak-kurgan Alacha is built on a stone slab 40 meters in diameter It is supported by a circle of standing stones In fact, this is a huge dolmen covered with earth in the manner of burial mounds Outside the Kurgan, there are two avenues of menhirs or deer stones, as they are called in Siberia and Mongolia One of the main tombs housed a man and woman who were both armed As in other Scythian tombs have been found in horses, clothes, objects and gold jewelery and precious materials

The kurgans of Bashadar form a semicircle around the mountain Tekpenek They have the reputation of curing the pilgrims who pray in the middle of the semicircle, with the magnetism emitted by kurgans This is not the first time there is for reuse of ancient monument needs more commercial …

Kosh Agash

This is a group of 6 to kurgans frozen tombs characterized by the large number of buried horses and their trappings of wealth



The kurgans Karasuk the dates were from 1500 BC, some even – in 1700! That’s why they were baptized: Karasuk culture … They became Scythian from 600 BC … And they would have skipped a leap forward for Russia until the proto-Scythians from there, on the field, their culture of life, funeral, etc. … This is the official theory …

Li Kitai

Valley of kurgans lies 60 km west of Abakan The kurgans Kitai Li are accompanied by megaliths covered with petroglyphs

Log Barsuchij

The top of the mound of kurgan Barsuchij Log in Khakassia, is headed by more menhirs

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Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 12: The Scythians

Part 4: The Indo-European, Chapter 12: The Scythians

Published August 9, 2010

A magnificent Scythian pectoral weighing 1150 grams of pure gold, discovered in the kurgan of Tolstaja mogila …


Book Two: The peoples

Part 4: The Indo-European

Chapter 12: The Scythians

The Indo-European

The Atlanteans inhabit the Galaxy and Atlantis are friends / enemies of the galaxy édenistes of Eden The Aryan Arya inhabit the planet, which is part of the galaxy of Atlantis This planet has several ethnic groups Arya One of the planets’ races Arya, it is the Scythian When the Aryan, or Indo-European, as it is politically correct to call them, have settled on land, they are naturally divided into city states of the same ethnic group in the valley of the Thar, until the war of to Yi – 2000

The Scythian

After the war of Yi, from the valley of the Thar, the Scythians were resettled in Ikshvaku But from this relocation, to – 2000, Scythian, like other ethnic groups, were immediately prepared their move, knowing that their situation was not sustainable Ikshvaku They then settled in what is now known as European Russia, between the Caspian and Black Sea Each ethnic group being part found his own civilization in a new country, the Federation of Indo-European Atlantean broke Thus the Indo-European civilization ended between – 2000 and – 1500 in Ikshvaku

Scythian origin

Diodorus says that it is Zeus and the goddess who gave birth to snake Scythians He tells us that the Scythians from Asia This means that we speak of Scythian Valley Thar

The Greeks said that the Scythians were born to the union of Hercules and a goddess snake-woman they had three son, Agathyrse, Gelo and Scythians Scythians alone could bend the bow of Hercules They specify how they tell us about the population of the Scythian Ishkvaku Herodotus tells us that Scythe is the first born of the union of Jupiter and a daughter of the river Borystène Reminder: the gods and goddesses are named after their territories, rivers, mountains, countries, etc., and Borystène is the name of Russian Dnepr River The first Scythian king of Russia, according to Herodotus, was Targitaos who ruled around 1500 BC It confirms that speaks well of the Scythians of Russia The name given to the Persian Scythian populations in the Avesta, is Saka, and they are in Samarkand, Ikshvaku … There Haumavarka the Sakas, the plains of the Siberian Altai, the Sakas Tigrakhauda in the region of Samarkand and Sakas Taradaya Russian Note that the names given to the Scythians by the Persians in the Avesta, are Sanskrit, which corroborates well the origin of the valley of Thar …

Science and Mythology

Of course, for archaeologists, all this is mythology, that is to say baseless stories … There they, the real scientists, who know what actually happened … Especially when that mythology is collapsing their official theory of Aryan invasion … Yet thesis Diodorus of Sicily, Greeks, Herodotus and Persian overlap … According to Diodorus, the union of a god and mother goddess, also goddess of snakes, was born on Saka people, we call the Scythian This happened a very long time before they arrive on earth In Greek legend, was born Scythians of the mother goddess and a god of earth, which gave birth to a Scythian Ishkvaku, the Sakas Tigrakhauda The union of a god and a goddess Earth, was born Scythians, Sakas Taradaya chief, who led the Saka Scythians in Russia and who gave them their name Scythian He arrived in Russia from Central Asia around 1500 BC. AD The first Scythian king of the kingdom of Russia was Targitaos And it fits perfectly with the coherence of the thesis that I put in place since the beginning of the book first … And it also corresponds to the story …

Time of gods

To tell a tale or legend is told: it was once In Asia, it said it was the time when gods lived among men … Legends, Asia, are more accurate on the historical period There are three eras: The weather gods, that is to say, before they arrive on earth, before – 19,404 The time when gods lived among men, that is to say – to 19,404 – about 2000 Human time, that is to say, after – about 2000, when the gods who remained on earth died So when Diodorus tells us that the Scythians was born of a union between a god and a goddess, dating event Those were the days of gods, before – 19,404, and it happened in space When the Greeks and Scythians Herodotus tell us that is born of the union of a god and a goddess of earth, or conversely, they also date the event: this was when the gods lived among men That is to say that it happened after – and before 19404 – 2000, and that it happened on Earth The

Scythian gods

It must be remembered that the gods of Olympus, which are also those of China, are in their base in space, and that they are gods édenistes We know by the legends part of their history For Atlantean gods, immobilized on earth since qu’Atlantide sank, the stories told in the legends correspond to human life with technology is very advanced Herodotus gives us a list and description of Scythian gods Now the Scythians are Atlantean, but this, Herodotus can not know … It brings the names of Scythian gods, the functions of the gods he knows, that is to say, those of Olympus That is why the names of the Olympian gods he tries to match those of Scythian gods, do not really Descriptions of Scythian gods by Herodotus, correspond better to the Atlantean gods of the Vedas or ases Tabiti, in Sanskrit means Tapati: burn, we can see the origin of the Vedic gods for Scythia Herodotus, could be Tabiti Hestia, goddess of fire and the home, but his description corresponds in ases, to Frigg Papaios the head, Zeus could be, but is actually Thor in ases Apia, Papaios wife, would be the goddess of the earth, that is to say ases in Jord Thagimasadas Poseidon could be, but is Njord, in ases Oitosuros, according to Herodotus was Apollo, that is to say Baldr in ases Argimpasa, is the goddess Aphrodite, but is actually the Freyja of ases A Scythian god, according to Herodotus might look like Hercules, but his description fits better to the story of Sigmund Herodotus describes a Scythian god like Ares, the god of war, that is to say, Tyre in ases

History of the Scythian

After exploring the region from – 2000 to 1700 BC. BC, the Scythians of Central Asia left the pros Ikshvaku visit Russia They worked copper and bronze They used a brown pottery with geometrical They were horse breeders The dead were buried in graves marked with a circle of stone, or mounds kurgans Once installed, they continued their advance westward In – about 700, they had annexed the Ukraine Through its alliance with the Assyrian, Scythian king Bartatoua crushed to – 638 the Cimmerian Herodotus tells us that – 628, his son Madyès invaded Media, who had attacked Assyria The Scythians then invaded Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine In – 611, they advanced to Egypt, and Psammetichus I came to meet them and paid them tribute In 512 BC. BC, Darius sent against them an army of 700,000 men, but the Scythian denying the shock front, Darius had to return empty-handed to Persia In the fourth century, the Scythians arrived in Romania and Hungary In the third century, is the branch of Scythians Sarmatians, called Sarmatians, who took power and continued their advance westwards, to Europe …

The kurgans

This is the Russian name of Scythian tombs, burial mounds erected in They date from the third to first millennium BC. AD These are artificial hills covering a tomb They are usually grouped in cemeteries The largest are between 120 and 400 meters in circumference and cover burial chambers located over 15 meters deep The bigger they are, the greater the personality buried The bodies are on the back, head turned toward the east, in a coffin decorated with gold plates, dressed in their finest clothes On the skin of the mummified dead, there are sometimes tattoos Of wives, servants and guards, strangled or poisoned, as well as horses often accompany the deceased The number of sacrificed horses, with their finest trappings, could be very important, up to 400 animals for the most important kurgans They were slaughtered at once mass and burial chambers arranged around The funeral chariot was broken and deposited in the grave Since ancient kurgans these were the prey of looters Archaeological excavations of these kurgans have unearthed many artifacts, some very valuable Tsar Peter the great collector of Scythian gold objects, which he exhibited at the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg Found objects, mainly gold, silver and tin, are quivers, pectorals, clothing accessories, tanks or harness, vases, handles weapons, shields, ornaments, jewelry, helmets, torcs (necklaces Celtic), pendants, bronze flags, stakes topped by bells, etc. … We also found the trappings of felt and clothing decorated remarkably The themes of decoration are usually animal, real or fantastic, but we also see fight scenes It was also found in the tombs of amphorae filled with oil or wine and pots full of meat

The Russian kurgans

The best known are kurgans Kelermes, Solokha, Tolstaja mogila, Kul-Oba, Alexandropol Chertomlyk the kurgans of the Taman peninsula, Maikop, Novo-Svobodnaya, Stani-tsa, Krasnodar, Khomina Mogila Tovsta, Strašnaia Mogila Kostromskaïa Stanitsa, etc. …


In 1903, near the Cossack village of Kelermes, DG Schultz, treasure hunter, discovered one of the most famous Russian kurgans Some objects were sent to the Tsar, including the famous mirror silver and gold panther, others were left behind The majority of finds were melted into ingots … A new excavation campaign started in 1980 During the following 10 seasons, revealed Kelermes tumuli forming a primary and secondary underground necropolis In addition to many new finds, we could get a deeper understanding of Scythian manners

The royal kurgan Solokha

The kurgan of Solokha was excavated in 1912 It is 19 meters high and 70 meters in diameter It housed two royal tombs The first had been visited in antiquity, but the second was intact: On the clothing of the deceased there were gold plates decorated He wore a gold torque, the ends were decorated with lion heads His legs were protected by bronze greaves He had a bronze helmet, a sword with scabbard decorated with gold plates and a quiver of silver containing one hundred and four to twenty bronze arrowheads Everyday objects which were accompanied by particular compounds of silver plate, a gold cup with animal decoration and a comb made of solid gold embellished with a fight scene with three warriors He was accompanied by a servant and five horses Curiously, this royal tomb is located in the Zaporizhia Oblast, the region where Herodotus is grounded Gerrhos, where Scythian buried their kings … But it is the habit of scientists to establish that: hey, Herodotus was right …

Tolstaja mogila

The kurgan of Tolstaja Mogila was 8.50 m high and was covered with 1,500 cubic meters of earth It dates from the 4th century J.C. One room was 7 m below the current ground level and over 15 m below the top of the kurgan Several horses and servants were sacrificed to the deceased The body of a woman was added later, accompanied by a small boy and several servants She was adorned with gold jewelery and accompanied toiletries, glass containers and Greek pottery It was found near the master bedroom, furnished in a cache, a sword in a sheath and a gold pectoral of gold weighing 1,150 grams


In 1830 to Kul-Oba, Paul of Brux, military Franche-Comte in the service of Czar Alexander I, discovered in the Crimea, the Kul-Oba kurgane, which means in Tatar: the hill of ashes The tomb has a wooden ceiling and is furnished with a canopy decorated with gold plates A man and a woman, accompanied by a servant are buried The man was crowned with a tiara and had a breastplate of 461 grams of gold In a coffin of cypress wood inlaid with ivory, a woman dressed in a richly brocaded robe, crowned with a diadem of electrum, wore lots of jewelry She had pendants, a pair of earrings, a breastplate, a necklace and two bracelets All the jewels were gold There was also a vase of electrum, a vial, a whip, a knife and quiver, all inlaid with gold and precious stones The finds in this kurgan are now on display in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg


The Maikop kurgan was excavated in 1897 by Nikolay Veselovsky There were found many objects of gold and silver including a figurine of a bull with long horns solid gold Dated the 3rd millennium BC, he was 10 meters high and 200 meters in circumference This is especially interesting kurgan by its dating: it proves that the Scythians were well established in Russia in – 2000 and maybe even before … The latest kurgans be dated – 300, it shows a continued colonization of this region by Scythian … They probably left Samarkand earlier than previously thought … It was then, as seems the most logical and coherent, progressive occupation after an exploratory expeditions


The kurgan of Tovsta is north of a set of over 20 kurgans To the east lies that of Chertomlyk and northeast of the Khomina Mogila Tovsta the kurgan was excavated in 1971 by an archaeological expedition Ukrainian It was 8.60 m high with a diameter of about 70 meters There were found the remains of three horses and several servants The main objects were excavated from horseshoe nails, fragments of a wooden seat covered with leather and silver jewelry and gold, 600 gold rings It was also found arrowheads, an amphora with three handles, bath bronze, etc. … Adjacent graves have also helped to find many objects and features Scythian jewelry

Kostromskaïa Stanitsa

A set of kurgans dating from the Bronze Age was discovered Kostromskaia stanitsa The excavations were made in 1897 by N. I. Veselovskii The head was buried here along with many servants and 22 horses There were many weapons, armor, arrowheads, etc. … Among the jewels, the most notable is a gold plaque in the shape of deer

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